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Frankenfoods for YOU
Ms Sans Serif
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[quote:ShadowDancer:MV84NzYyMV8xNjMzMzk4Nl9ERDJEREIwOQ==] [quote:Anonymous Coward 935095] Time for a :bump: [/quote] Thanks for your consideration This is about the most serious of all things facing us-as that is how they stated they would control the world...and it seems they are following through so we must show due diligence and then some more. Take care :hf: We, the undersigned scientists call for the immediate suspension of all environmental releases of GM crops, both commercially and in open field trials, for at least five years; and for patents on organisms, seeds, cell lines and genes to be revoked and banned. Patents on life-forms are allowing corporations to pirate intellectual and genetic resources from Third World nations and increasing corporate monopoly on food production and distribution. GM crops are not necessary to feed the world. There is already more than enough food for everyone. What we need is an end to food monopoly and a more equitable distribution. The public have been promised miracle GM crops that will fix nitrogen, resist drought and improve yield. Instead, the only crops on offer are engineered to be tolerant to wide-spectrum herbicides manufactured by the same corporations, or are engineered with bt-toxins to kill insect pests. The latest largescale survey of GM crops showed they offered no benefits. On the contrary, they yield significantly less and require the use of more herbicides. The hazards of GM crops are now becoming apparent, and some of them are acknowledged by sources with the UK and US Governments. The herbicides used with herbicide-tolerant crops destroy biodiversity and are toxic to many animals including human beings. Herbicide-tolerant GM crops have become weeds and created further weeds by cross-pollination. The bt-toxins harm beneficial insect-pollinators, and have also led to widespread evolution of resistance among insect pests. The horizontal spread of antibiotic resistance marker genes from GM crops has already been recognised as a serious hazard that will compromise the treatment of life-threatening infectious diseases which have come back worldwide. New findings show that the horizontal spread of marker genes and other transgenic DNA can occur, not only by ingestion but via breathing in pollen and dust. The cauliflower mosaic viral promoter, widely used in GM crops, may enhance horizontal gene transfer and has the potential to generate new viruses that cause diseases. All commercial plantings and open field trials should be halted. They are hazardous as the spread of transgenic pollen cannot be controlled. At the same time, the field-trials will produce no useful results because the protocols are inadequate. No attempts are being made to monitor for horizontal gene transfer or for impacts on public health. There is an urgent need for research into sustainable agricultural methods that do not require GM crops. Many of these systems have already resulted in increased yields and diminished environmental impacts around the world. We, the undersigned scientists, call for the immediate suspension of all environmental releases of GM crops, both commercially and in open field trials, for at least 5 years; and for patents on organisms, seeds, cell lines and genes to be revoked and banned . 1. Patents on life-forms are allowing corporations to plagiarise indigenous knowledge and plunder genetic resources from Third World communities, and at the same time, increasing corporate monopoly on food which is destroying livelihoods of family farmers all over the world. 2. It is becoming increasingly clear that the current GM crops are neither needed nor beneficial. They are a dangerous diversion from the real task of providing food and health around the world. Too many instances of rogue scientists having been discovered altering the structure of seeds in order to carry disease, which can and probably are targeting the human race. We see this as inevitable and nothing short of BIO-WAR in our food. 3. The promises to genetic engineer crops to fix nitrogen, resist drought, improve yield and to 'feed the world' have been around for at least 30 years. Such promises have built up a multibillion-dollar industry now controlled by a mere handful of corporate giants. 4. The miracle crops have not materialised. Instead, two simple characteristics account for all the GM crops in the world . More than 70% are tolerant to broad-spectrum herbicides, with companies engineering plants to be tolerant to their own brand of herbicide, while the rest are engineered with bt-toxins to kill insect pests. A total of 65 million acres were planted in 1998 within the US, Argentina and Canada. The latest surveys on GM crops in the US, the largest grower by far, showed no significant benefit. On the contrary, the most widely grown GM crops - herbicide-tolerant soya beans - yielded on average 6.7% less and required two to five times more herbicides than non-GM varieties . 5. According to the UN food programme, there is enough food to feed the world one and a half times over. World cereal yields have consistently outstripped population growth since 1980, but one billion are hungry . It is on account of corporate monopoly operating under the globalised economy that the poor are getting poorer and hungrier. Family farmers all over the world have been driven to destitution and suicide, and for the same reasons. Between 1993 and 1997 the number of mid-sized farms in the US dropped by 74,440 , and farmers are now receiving below the average cost of production for their produce . Four corporations currently control 85% of the world trade in cereals . 6. The new patents on seeds will intensify corporate monopoly by preventing farmers from saving and replanting seeds, which is what most farmers still do in the Third World. Christian Aid, a major charity working with the Third World, concludes that GM crops will cause unemployment, exacerbate Third World debt, threaten sustainable farming systems and damage the environment. It predicts famine for the poorest countries . The picture is just as grim for the developed world. A coalition of family farming groups in the US have declared their opposition to GM crops and corporate ownership of life-forms through patenting. They are demanding a moratorium on all corporate mergers and acquisitions, a moratorium on farm closures, and an end to policies that serve big agribusiness interests at the expense of family farmers, taxpayers and the environment . 7. The hazards of GM crops are now becoming apparent, and some of them are acknowledged by sources within the UK and US Governments. For example, the UK Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF) has admitted that the transfer of GM crops and pollen beyond the planted fields is unavoidable , and this has already resulted in herbicide-tolerant weeds . Bt-resistant insect pests have evolved in response to the continuous presence of the toxins in transgenic plants throughout the growing season, and the US Environment Protection Agency is recommending farmers to plant up to 40% non-GM crops in order to create refugia for non-resistant insect pests . The broad-spectrum herbicides used with herbicide-tolerant GM crops not only decimate wild species indiscriminately, but are toxic to animals. One of them, glufosinate, causes birth defects in mammals , A Swedish study now links the top-selling herbicide, glyphosate, to non-Hodgkin lymphoma . GM crops with bt-toxins kill beneficial insects such as bees  and lacewings , and pollen from bt-maize is lethal to monarch butterflies . 8. A potential source of health hazards from GM crops is from the secondary horizontal transfer of transgenic DNA to unrelated species; in principle, to all species interacting with the transgenic plants . The spread of antibiotic resistance marker genes to pathogens is the most immediate danger as this will further compromise treatment of life-threatening drug and antibiotic resistance diseases which have come back worldwide. However, the random insertion of foreign DNA into genomes associated with horizontal transfer of transgenic DNA can also result in many harmful effects, including cancer in mammalian cells . The potential for horizontal gene transfer is now also acknowledged by sources within the US and UK Governments. 9. The possibility for naked or free DNA to be taken up by mammalian cells is explicitly mentioned in the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) draft guidance to industry on antibiotic resistance marker genes . In commenting on the FDA's document, the UK MAFF pointed out that transgenic DNA may be transferred not just by ingestion, but by contact with plant dust and air-borne pollen during farm work and food processing , and cited several significant new findings bearing on the issue. 10. Thus, plant DNA is not readily degraded during most commercial food processing . Procedures such as grinding and milling left grain DNA largely intact, as did heat-treatment at 90oC. The DNA of plants placed in silage showed little degradation of DNA, and the special MAFF report advises against using ensilaged transgenic plants in animal feed. 11. The letter from UK MAFF to US FDA also mentions new findings that the human mouth contains bacteria capable of taking up and expressing naked DNA containing antibiotic resistance marker genes and similar transformable bacteria are also present in the respiratory tracts . 12. What both regulatory authorities have failed to consider is that transgenic pollens, which may have increased allergenicity and toxicity besides, will almost certainly spread far afield to the general public. Similarly, the current unregulated practice of feeding farm animals transgenic grain and plant remains, and transgenic wastes, both ensilaged and otherwise, is endangering the health of farm animals and of human beings in spreading antibiotic resistance marker genes and other transgenic DNA. 13. Serious health concerns are also raised by the cauliflower mosaic viral (CaMV) promoter in transgenic DNA. The CaMV promoter, widely used in expression cassettes of transgenes, is known to contain a 'recombination hotspot'. One usual mechanism of recombination involves the double-stranded DNA breaking and joining with other double-stranded DNA. This has been identified as the mechanism generating many different lines of transgenic rice during a routine transformation experiment. Extensive recombination at the hotspot has taken place in the absence of the viral recombinase, indicating that the host plant cell can catalyse such recombinations . Thus, the CaMV promoter has an enhanced capability to transfer horizontally, with potentially dangerous consequences. 14. CaMV is closely related to human hepatitis B virus, and also has a reverse transcriptase gene related to that in retroviruses such as the AIDS-associated HIV . Thus, the CaMV promoter not only enhances horizontal gene transfer, but has the potential to reactivate dormant viruses (which are in all genomes) and to generate new viruses by recombination. 15. The British Medical Association, in their interim report (published May, 1999), called for an indefinite moratorium on the releases of GMOs pending further research on new allergies, the spread of antibiotic resistance genes and the effects of transgenic DNA. This position is fully in accord with the precautionary principle. 16. Contrary to the claims of the UK Government, no useful results can be obtained in the current massive 'farm-scale' trials of transgenic herbicide-tolerant oil-seed rape and maize where the spread of transgenic pollens cannot be controlled, and which make no attempts to monitor for horizontal gene transfer or for impacts on health . 17. Research into sustainable, non-corporate agricultural systems which do not involve GM crops should be widely supported. Many of these systems have already resulted in increased yield and income for family farmers, diminished environmental impacts, and improvements in nutrition and health for all . 1. See World Scientists Statement 2. James, C. (1998). Global Status of Transgenic Crops in 1998, ISAAA Briefs, New York. 3. Benbrook, C. (1999). Evidence of the Magnitude and Consequences of the Roundup Ready Soybean Yield Drag from University-Based Varietal Trials in 1998, Ag BioTech InfoNet Technical Paper No. 1, Idaho. 4. See Watkins, K. (1999). Free trade and farm fallacies. Third World Resurgence 100/101, 33-37. 5. Farm and Land in Farms, Final Estimates 1993-1997, USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. 6. See Griffin, D. (1999). Agricultural globalization. A threat to food security? Third World Resurgence 100/101, 38-40. 7. Farm Aid fact sheet: The Farm Crisis Deepens, Cambridge, Mass, 1999. 8. Simms, A. (1999). Selling Suicide, farming, false promises and genetic engineering in developing countries, Christian Aid, London. 9. Farmer's rally on Capitol Hill, September 12, 1999. 10. MAFF Fact Sheet: Genetic modification of crops and food, June, 1999. 11. See Ho, M.W. and Tappeser, B. (1997). Potential contributions of horizontal gene transfer to the transboundary movement of living modified organisms resulting from modern biotechnology. Proceedings of Workshop on Transboundary Movement of Living Modified Organisms resulting from Modern biotechnology : Issues and Opportunities for Policy-makers (K.J. Mulongoy, ed.), pp. 171-193, International Academy of the Environment, Geneva. 12. Mellon, M. and Rissler, J. (1998). Now or Never. Serious New Plans to Save a Natural Pest Control, Union of Conerned Scientists, Cambridge, Mass. 13. Garcia,A.,Benavides,F.,Fletcher,T. and Orts,E. (1998). Paternal exposure to pesticides and congenital malformations. Scand J Work Environ Health 24, 473-80. 14. Hardell, H. & Eriksson, M. (1999). A Case-Control Study of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma and Exposure to Pesticides. Cancer85, 1353-1360. 15. "Cotton used in medicine poses threat: genetically-altered cotton may not be safe" Bangkok Post, November 17, 1997. 16. Hilbeck, A., Baumgartner, M., Fried, P.M. and Bigler, F. (1998). Effects of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis-corn-fed prey on mortality and development time of immature Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Environmental Entomology 27, 480-96. 17. Losey, J.E., Rayor, L.D. and Carter, M.E. (1999). Transgenic pollen harms monarch larvae. Nature 399, 214. 18. Reviewed in Ho, M.W. (1998,1999). Genetic Engineering Dream or Nightmare? The Brave New World of Bad Science and Big Business, Gateway Books, Bath; Ho, M.W., Traavik, T., Olsvik, R., Tappeser, B., Howard, V., von Weizsacker, C. and McGavin, G. (1998b). Gene Technology and Gene Ecology of Infectious Diseases. Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease 10, 33-59; Traavik, T. (1999a). Too early may be too late, Ecological risks associated with the use of naked DNA as a biological tool for research, production and therapy, Research report for Directorate for Nature Management, Norway. 19. Reviewed by Doerfler, W., Schubbert, R., Heller, H., K?mmer, C., Hilger-Eversheim, D., Knoblauch, M. and Remus, R. (1997). Integration of foreign DNA and its consequences in mammalian systems. Tibtech 15, 297-301; see also note 18. 20. Draft Guidance for Industry: Use of Antibiotic Resistance Marker Genes in Transgenic Plants, US FDA, September 4, 1998. 21. See Letter from N. Tomlinson, Joint Food Safety and Standards Group, MAFF, to US FDA, 4 December, 1998. 22. Forbes, J.M., Blair, D.E., Chiter, A., and Perks, S. (1998). Effect of Feed Processing Conditions on DNA Fragmentation Section 5 - Scientific Report, MAFF. 23. Mercer, D.K., Scott, K.P., Bruce-Johnson, W.A. Glover, L.A. and Flint, H.J. (1999). Fate of free DNA and transformation of the oral bacterium Streptococcus gordonii DL1 by plasmid DNA in human saliva. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 65, 6-10. 24. Kohli, A., Griffiths, S., Palacios, N., Twyman, R.M., Vain, P., Laurie, D.A. and Christou, P. (1999). Molecular characterization of transforming plasmid rearrangements in transgenic rice reveals a recombination hotspot in the CaMV 35S promoter and confirms the predominance of microhomology mediated recombination. The Plant Journal 17, 591-601. 25. Xiong, Y. and Eickbush, T.H. (1990). Origin and evolution of retroelements based upon their reverse transcriptase sequences. EMBO J. 9, 3353-3362. 26. Firbank, L.G. Dewar, A.M., Hill, M.O., May, M.J., Perry, J.N., Rothery, O.P., Squire, G.R. and Woiwod, I.P. (1999). Farm-scale evaluation of GM crops explained. Nature 399, 727-8. 27. See Pretty, J. (1995). Sustainable Agriculture, Earthscan, London; also Pretty, J. (1998). The Living Land - Agriculture, Food and Community Regeneration in Rural Europe, Earthscan, London. World Scientists' Statement World Scientists' Statement launched in Cartegena, Columbia, (Feb. 1999) during the UN Convention of Biological Diversity Conference on the International Biosafety Protocol, calling on all governments to: * Impose an immediate moratorium on further environmental releases of transgenic crops, food and animal-feed products for at least 5 years. * Ban patents on living organisms, cell lines and genes. * Support a comprehensive, independent public enquiry into the future of agriculture and food security for all, taking account of the full range of scientific findings as well as socioeconomic and ethical implications. Signed (139 scientists from 27 countries- names grouped by country): DI Gertrude Kaffenbock, PhD candidate, Agricultural Economist, St Polten, Austria Angela Fehringer, Anthropology Student, Sydney, Australia Margaret Jackson, BSc.Genetics, National Genetics Awareness Alliance, Australia Dr. Ted Steele, Molecular Immunologist, U. Wollengong, Australia Stephen Glanville PDC, ECOS Design, Australia Dr Farhad Mazhar, Ecologist, New Agricultural Movement, Bangladesh Renata Menasche, Agronomist, Federal Un. of Rio Grand du Sul, Brazil Paulo Roberto Martins, Research Institute of Technology, Brazil Dr Thomas R. Preston, Un. of Tropical Agriculture, Cambodia Prof. David Suzuki, Geneticist, U.B.C., Canada Prof. Joe Cummins, Geneticist, University of Western Ontario, Canada Dr Warren Bell, MD, Canad. Assoc. of Physicians for the Environ., Canada Prof. Abby Lippman, Epidemologist & Geneticist, McGill Un. Canada Prof. Ronald Labonte, Population Health Research Director, Ontario, Canada Prof. Marijan Jost, Plant Geneticist, Agricultural College, Krizevci, Croatia Prof Anton Svajger, Un Zagreb Medical School, Croatia Vesna Samobor, M.Sc. Agricultural College, Krizevci, Croatia Damir Magdic, M.Sc. Food Scientist, Osijek Un, Croatia Damjan Bogdanovic, PhD candidate, Un Zagreb, Croatia Dr Zora Mastrovic, MD, MS, Croatian Natural Law Party, vice president, Croatia Dr. Tewolde Egziabher, Agronomist, Min. of the Environment, Ethiopia Dr. Herve Le Meur, Biomathematician, Univ. Paris, France Dr George Capouthier, Biologist, Uni. of Paris VI, France Dr. Christine von Weisaeker, Ecoropa, Germany Dr Christiane Boecker, MCommH, Community Health, Haiti Prof. Ervin Laszlo, President, The Club of Buddapest, Hungary Dr. Vandana Shiva, Research Institute for Science and Ecology, India Dr. Muhua Achary, Environmentalist, St. Joseph's College, Bangalore, India Dr. Thomas S. Cox, Research Geneticist, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture (retired), Hyberabad, India Dr. Bruno D'Udine, Behaviour Ecologist, University of Udine, Italy Dr Giorgio Cingolani, Agricultural Economist, Italy Prof. Leopoldo Silvestroni, Endocrinologist, University of Rome 'La Sapienza,' Italy Prof. Atuhiro Sibatani, Molecular Biologist, Osaka, Japan Dr Shiron Sugita, Plant Geneticist, Nagoya U. Japan Dr Noeoru Tagishita, Plant Geneticist, Jap. Assoc. Agro-Nature, Tokyo, Japan Dr. Shingo Shibata, Biosafety and Environmental Sociologist, Japan Dr Machiko Yasukohchi, PLAN - International Japan Public RelationsTeam, Japan Jaroen Compeerapap, Environmental Law and Development Center, The Netherlands Dr Robert Mann, Ecologist, Auckland, New Zealand Dr Peter R Wills, Theoretical Biology, Uni. Auckland, New Zealand Prof. Terje Traavik, Virologist, University of Tromso, Norway Dr Ingrid Olesen, Senior Research Scientist, Institute of Aquaculture Res.Ltd, Norway Prof. Oscar B. Zamora, Agronomist, U. Phillipines, Los Banos, Phillipines Dr. Pamela G. Fernadez, Agronomist, U. Phllipines, Los Banos, Phillipines Dr Mararida Silva, Molecular Biologist, Portuguese Catholic Uni., Portugal Glenn Ashton, Director, Ekogaia Foundation, and Green Party, South Africa Dr Gregorio Alvar, Biotechnologist,. Computense U. Madrid, Spain Dr. Javier Blasco, Aragonese Ctr Rural European Information, Spain Dr. Katarina Leppanen, History of Ideas, Gothenburg Uni, Sweden Florianne Koechlin, Biologist, World Wildlife Fund, Switzerland Verena Soldati, Biotechnologist, Basler Appell, Switzerland Dr. Daniel Amman, Cell Biologist, Tech. Switzerland Dr. Ruth Goseth, Dermatologist, ISDE, Switzerland Yves Schatzle, Agronomist and Economist, Switzerland Prof. Omboom Luanratana, Pharmacologist, Univ. of Mahedol, Bangkok,Thailand. Prof. Arpad Pusztai, Biochemist, Formerly from Rowett Institute, UK Dr. Susan Bardocz, Geneticist, Aberdeen, UK Dr. Colin L.A. Leakey, Plant Geneticist, Cambridge, UK Dr. Harash Narang, Pathologist, BSE expert, UK Prof. Richard Lacey, Microbiologist, Leeds, UK Dr. Michael Antoniou, Molecular Geneticist, Guy's Hospital, UK Dr David Bellamy, The Conservation Foundation, London, UK Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Geneticist and Biophysicist, Open University, UK Dr J. M. Kerr, Bioethics, Winchester College: Oxford U. UK Fatima Pelica, Biochemist, PhD Candidate, JII, UK Dr Jerry Ravetz, Philosopher of Science, London, UK Dr Tom Wakeford, Biologist, U. of East London, UK Dr Michel Pimbert, Agricultural Ecologist, International Inst.for Environment and Dev. (IIED), UK Peter Preston Jones, MSc, Environomental Campaigner, UK Prof. Brian Goodwin, Biologist, Schumacher College, UK Patrick Holden, Director, Soil Association, UK Dr. Eva Novotny, Astrophysicist, Univ. Cambridge (retired), UK Prof. Ian Stewart, Biomathematics, U. Warwick, UK Dr. Vyvyan Howard, Toxipathologist, U. Liverpool, UK Lynda Birke , Biologist, Liverpool Uni. Veterinary School, UK Prof. Peter Saunders, Biomathematician, U. London, UK Prof. Tim Ingold, Anthropologist, U. Manchester, UK Dr. Robert C. Poller, Organic Chemist, U. London, UK Gordon Daly P.hD student, Gene Therapist, Kennedy Inst. London, UK Stuart Daly P.hD student, Transgenic group, Charing Cross Hosp. UK Dr. John E. Hammond, Engineer, Highfeild, UK Dr. Philip Kilner, Cardiologist, Royal Brompton & Harefield, UK Dani Kaye M.Sc. Scientists for Global Responsibility London, UK David Kaye M.Sc. Scientists for Global Responsibility, London, UK Angela Ryan, Molecular biologist, Open Univ. UK Prof. David Packham, Material Scientist, U. Bath, UK Dr. David J Heaf, Biochemist, Wales, UK Dr. Alan Currier, Taxonomist, IRBV, UK Dr. Gesa Staats de Yanes, Veterinarian Toxicologists, U. Liverpool, UK Barbara Wood-Kaczmar, M.Sc., Science writer, UK Dr. Gene S. Thomas, Agriculturist, UK Dr. David A.H. Birley, General Medical Practitioner, Swindon, UK Dr. Brian Hursey, ex FAO Senior Officer for Vector Borne Diseases, Neath ,UK. Prof. Martha Crouch, Biologist, Indiana University, USA Prof. Ruth Hubbard, Biologist, Harvard University, USA Prof. Phil Bereano, Council for Responsible Genetics, U. Washington USA Prof. Martha Herbert , Pediatric Neurologist, Mass. Gen. Hosp. USA Prof. David Schwartzman, Geochemist, Howard Uni. Washington DC USA Prof. John Garderineer, Biologist, U. Michigan USA Dr Samuel Eptein, School of Public Health, Univ. Illinois, Chicago Dr John Fagan, Genetics ID, Washington, USA Dr. Britt Bailey, Senior Researcher, CETOS, Ca, USA Dr. Marc Lappe, Geneticist and Director CETOS, Ca, USA Dr Michael W Fox, Veterinarian & Bioethicist, Washington DC, USA Dr Walter Bortz, Physician, Palo Alto, USA Anne-Marie Mayer, Ph. D. candidate, Nutrition, Cornell Univ., USA Rev. Dorothy A. Harper, Bioethics, Washington, USA Dr Louis H. Krut, MD. ChB.: MD, St Louis Uni. Medical School, Missouri, USA Dr. Catherine Badley, Biologist, University of Michigan USA Dr. Gerald Smith, Zoologist, U. Michigan, USA Vuejuin McKersen M.Sc, Natural Resource Manager U. Michigan, USA Dr. John Soluri, Historian of Science, Carnegie Mellon U USA Juiet S Erazo PhD student U. of Michigan USA Dr. Juette Peufecto, Biologist, U of Michigan USA U.V. Kutzli Ph.D. Candidate, U of Michigan USA Kristin Cobelius M.Sc. Student, U. Michigan USA Lena S Nicolai PhD Student University of Michigan USA Marial Peelle, Biol./Anthropologist Undergrad. Swarthmors College USA Dr. Ty Fitzmorris, Ecologist, Hampshire College USA Dr. Caros R Ramirez, Biologist, St Lawrance University USA Rosa Vazquez Student in Biology, Ohio State University USA Sean Lyman Student Gettysbury College USA Ryan White Student St Lawrence University USA Dr Jack Kloppenburg, Un. Wisconsin, Rural Sociologist, USA Dr. Nancy A Schult, Entomologist, U of Wisconsin-Madison USA Dr. Brian Schultz, Ecologist, Hampshire College USA Dr. Douglas H Boucher, Ecologist, Hood College USA Dr. Timothy Mann, Geographer, Hampshire College Chris Picone M.Sc. Soil Microbiologist, U. Michigan USA Dr. Peter M. Rosset, Ins. for Food and Development Policy, USA Dr. Ignacio Chapela, Microbiologist & Ecologist, U.C. Berkeley, USA Dr. Ingrid C. Northwood, Biochemist, Simon Fraser University, USA Prof. Ed Daniel, Health Sciences Centre, McMaster University, Ca, USA Dr Linda Jean Sheperd, Biochemist, Gaia Blessings, USA Dr Herve Grenier, Atmospheric Sciences and Climate Change, Univ.Washington, USA U.V. Kutzli Ph.D. Candidate, U of Michigan USA Alex Jack, Planetary Medicine, Jushi Institute, Becket, Mass, USA Philip H Howard, Ph.D candidate, Rural Sociology, Uni. of Missouri, USA Arthur Rybeck Jr D.D.S. Dentistry and Organic Farmer, Wheeling, USA and much more at link listed at bottom The Genetic Modification Group of the ISP The Genetic Modification (GM) Group of the ISP consists of scientists working in genetics, biosciences, toxicology and medicine, and other representatives of civil society who are concerned about the harmful consequences of genetic modifications of plants and animals and related technologies and their rapid commercialisation in agriculture and medicine without due process of proper scientific assessment and of public consultation and consent. We find the following aspects especially regrettable and unacceptable: * Lack of critical public information on the science and technology of GM * Lack of public accountability in the GM science community * Lack of independent, disinterested scientific research into, and assessment of, the hazards of GM * Partisan attitude of regulatory and other public information bodies, which appear more intent on spreading corporate propaganda than providing crucial information * Pervasive commercial and political conflicts of interests in both research and development and regulation of GM * Suppression and vilification of scientists who try to convey research information to the public that is deemed to harm the industry * Persistent denial and dismissal of extensive scientific evidence on the hazards of GM to health and the environment by proponents of genetic modification and by supposedly disinterested advisory and regulatory bodies * Continuing claims of GM benefits by the biotech corporations, and repetitions of these claims by the scientific establishment, in the face of extensive evidence that GM has failed both in the field and in the laboratory * Reluctance to recognize that the corporate funding of academic research in GM is already in decline, and that the biotechnology multinationals (and their shareholders) as well as investment consultants are now questioning the wisdom of the GM enterprise * Attacks on, and summary dismissal of, extensive evidence pointing to the benefits of various sustainable agricultural approaches for health and the environment, as well as for food security and social well-being of farmers and their local communities. Independent Science Panel on GM Members and brief biographies Miguel Altieri Professor and Entomologist, Center for Biological Control, Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley. His expertise is on agroecology and the role of biodiversity in pest management. Teaching and training activities focus on biological control of pests, insect ecology, plant-insect interactions, agricultural ecology, weed ecology and management; ecological and socioeconomic dimensions of small farm development; and sustainable rural development in Latin America. Research interests are on effects of vegetational diversity on insect pest populations and associated natural enemies in agroecosystems; biological control of insects and weeds in agroecosystems; design of biodiversified pest stable agroecosystems; ecological features and management of traditional and modern agroecosystems; development of sustainable integrated farming systems for resource-poor farmers; in-situ conservation of crop genetic resources; and conservation and management of biodiversity in agroecosystems. Formerly Technical Advisor, Latin American Consortium on Agroecology and Development (CLADES), Santiago, Chile; General Coordinator, United Nations Development Programme's Sustainable Agriculture Networking and Extension Programme (SANE); and Chairman, NGO Committee of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). Honorary positions include: Honorary Ph.D. 1996, Universidad Nacional de Cajamarca, Peru; Invited Professor, Instituto de Sociologia y de Estudios Campesinos, Universidad de Cordoba, Spain; Invited Professor, Facultad de Agronomia, Universidad de la Plata, Argentina; Invited Professor, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias y Forestales, Universidad de Chile, Santiago; Invited Professor, Universidad Iberoamericana de Andalucia, La Rabida, Spain; Green Professor in Residence, University of British Columbia, Vancouver-Canada; Fulbright Scholar, Chile and Visiting Expert, FAO-Rome. He has authored and co-authored 184 published papers, five of which are in press, and has written and edited eleven books including A groecology: The Scientific Basis of Alternative Agriculture (1987) , Environmentally Sound Small Scale Agricultural Projects (1988) , Agroecology and Small Farm Development (1991) , Biodiversity and Pest Management in Agroecosystems (1994) , Agroecology: The science of sustainable agriculture (1995) , Agroecology: creating the synergisms for a sustainable agriculture (1995) . Education: B.S. Agronomy l974, University of Chile; M.S. Agroecology l976, National University of Colombia; Ph.D. l979 Entomology (Major) and Pest Management (Minor), University of Florida, USA. Michael Antoniou Senior Lecturer in Molecular Genetics, GKT School of Medicine, King's College London (1994 to present). Main research interests are (i) the structure and functional organisation of groups of human gene families, in particular, the control of gene function in muscle tissue and the control of genes that function in all cell types; (ii) development of efficient and safe gene units for use in gene therapy of inherited diseases (e.g. muscular dystrophy, thalassaemia, sickle cell disease). Research funded by UK research councils, EU and medical charities. Much sought-after speaker at public meetings, schools and conferences throughout the UK in debating agricultural biotechnology issues; written many articles on the use of GM in medicine and especially agriculture for the lay public, in Farmers Weekly , The Living Earth (Soil Association), Smallholder (Farming) Magazine , The Independent on Sunday , The Vegetarian and other society magazines. Extensive interaction with the media over the past 7 years, and frequently quoted by the press, has had letters published in all the major national newspapers, contributed to several TV documentaries including Frankenstein's Food (Close Up West, BBC2 Bristol), Seeds of Doubt (First Sight, BBC2 Southeast), Frankenstein Food (Panorama, BBC2). Advisor on technical issues to many groups including Soil Association, Greenpeace, Friends of the Earth and Iceland Frozen Foods, and to members of all major (and some minor) political parties. http://survivalistseeds.com/SCIENTISTS_SAY..html more proof keeps coming in showing severe health risks to LIVER,KIDNEYS, and now CARDIAC. Had they kept their creature contained for further testing to assure their safety I would of never raised the TRUMPET to my lips-but they released their contamination and aberrations without vetting their safety-disregarding the dangers that had already been shown. [/quote]
link to www.mindfully.org
bush keeps trying to shove GM foods down the EU´s throat-they have repeatedly blocked them, from their market and most of the GM foods come from USA.
Since when does it benefit OUR government, to promote monsanto and the like businesses. In June 2003, President George W. Bush made the issue of lifting an 8-year European Union ban on genetically modified (GM) plants a matter of US national strategic priority. These foods have the potential to destroy our bodies and disrupt all biodiversity left; leaving in its wake of ´abundant food´ will turn into famine very rapidly.
Follow the collusion of Monsanto and petrol companies-an interesting symbiosis...
Why have so many heritage/heirloom seeds been outlawed-SEEDS of food-HMMMMM
This acronym stands for “genetically modified organisms,” or "genetically engineered food" Nothing close to Green Acres-more like blood acres-
Organisms we are suppose to eat???-it could contain human dna in the food or fish/lizard/buffalo/whatever-it is not "food" it is frankenfood and capable of making physiological changes-soon mad cow will be nothing compared to mad human-consuming human dna in this new organism food...just like the dead feed they fed our cattle-learning that the spongiform disease kills...
While genetic “modification” has been an agricultural practice for more than 100 years, it has traditionally involved cross-breeding two plants within the same species in order to create a hardier or better-tasting crop. The breeding of a new plant variety involved fine-tuning for the desired characteristics over the course of four or five plant generations, allowing the plant’s new genetic structure to stabilize before the seeds were released to market for wider cultivation. This careful directing of plant characteristics allowed for plant diversity and for adaptability within distinct bio-regions.
Modern genetic modification practices are much different. The GMOs now entering our food supply are coming from plants that have been created by a process called “biolistics,” whereby microbullets covered with the DNA of a foreign species are shot into cells of a “host” plant for the purpose of cross-breeding. Most cells thus assaulted die; the few that survive are propagated into plants for their seed, and from there a new plant form never before seen on earth is born.
The FDA currently does not require labeling of genetically engineered foodstuffs; the consumer right to know is only enforced by the FDA when it deems that the food has undergone a “qualitative change” by virtue of an ingredient or a process. The FDA has thus effectively stated that willfully manipulating a plant’s genetic structure by mating it with a species that would not naturally be a viable breeding partner, thereby creating a new life form, does not constitute a qualitative change to the plant itself. Go figure.
Meteors and volcanoes are dangerous-but what can we do outside of preparing for the inevitable is prudent. However, very little can be done outdside of that. This issue is one I hope the majority grasps and understand that massive steps need to be taken-to stop this frankenfood and the frankensteins trying to promote the death of humanity, by starvation. Privatization of water is being pushed too-see any connections?
RFID chips to buy and sell, to acquire food and water-Many say no way-watch how quickly it changes if starvation is the option....watch how multinationals corporations make themselves God.
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