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Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"

 
Anonymous Coward
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05/21/2010 11:17 AM
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Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"

Anonymous Coward (OP)
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05/21/2010 11:25 AM
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[link to www.sciencecorps.org]

Crude Oil Health Hazards Fact Sheet

Dr. Michael Harbut, Karmanos Cancer Institute

Dr. Kathleen Burns, Sciencecorps

Many people will be exposed to crude oil as a result of the BP Gulf of Mexico spill. It is important to understand the potential toxic effects and take appropriate steps to prevent or reduce exposure and harm. This fact sheet provides a health hazard summary, and links to more detailed information.

Crude oil contains hundreds of chemicals, comprised primarily of hydrogen and carbon (e.g., simple straight chain paraffins, aromatic ring structures, naphthenes), with some sulfur, nitrogen, metal, and oxygen compounds (see Table D-1 in CDC, 1999 linked below). Crude oil composition varies slightly by its source, but its toxic properties are fairly consistent. Chemicals such as benzene and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are very toxic components of crude oil and of high concern.

Exposure

Exposure can occur through skin contact, inhalation of contaminated air or soil, and ingestion of contaminated water or food. These can occur simultaneously. Exposure pathways may result in localized toxicity (e.g., irritation of the skin following contact), but most health effects are systemic because ingredients can move throughout the body. Exposure varies based on the duration and concentrations in contaminated media. Differences may result from location, work and personal activities, age, diet, use of protective equipment, and other factors. Concurrent exposure to other toxic chemicals must be considered when evaluating toxic effects. Some chemicals in crude oil are volatile, moving into air easily, and these can often be detectable by smell.

Basic Physiological Effects


Crude oil is a complex mixture of chemicals that have varying abilities to be absorbed into the body through the skin, lungs, and during digestion of food and water. Most components of crude oil enter the bloodstream rapidly when they are inhaled or swallowed. Crude oil contains chemicals that readily penetrate cell walls, damage cell structures, including DNA, and alter the function of the cells and the organs where they are located. Crude oil is toxic, and ingredients can damage every system in the body:

respiratory

Nervous system, including the brain

liver
reproductive/urogenital system

kidneys
endocrine system

circulatory system

gastrointestinal system

immune system

sensory systems

musculoskeletal system


Damaging or altering these systems causes a wide range of diseases and conditions. In addition, interference with normal growth and development through endocrine disruption and direct damage to fetal tissue is caused by many crude oil ingredients (CDC, 1999). DNA damage can cause cancer and multi-generational birth defects.

Acute Exposure Hazards - brief exposure at relatively high levels[1]

Crude oil contains many chemicals that can irritate the skin and mucous membranes on contact. Irritant effects can range from slight reddening to burning, swelling (edema), pain,and permanent skin damage. Commonly reported effects of acute exposure to crude oil through inhalation or ingestion include difficulty breathing, headaches, dizziness, nausea, confusion, and other central nervous system effects. These are more likely to be noticed than potentially more serious effects that don't have obvious signs and symptoms: lung, liver and kidney damage, infertility, immune system suppression, disruption of hormone levels, blood disorders, mutations, and cancer.



Chronic Exposure Hazards - long-term exposure at relatively low levels


This type of exposure should be avoided, if at all possible, because the potential for serious health damage is substantial. Chronic health effects are typically evaluated for specific crude oil components (see CDC, 1999), and vary from cancer to permanent neurological damage. They cover a range of diseases affecting all the organ systems listed above.



Susceptible Subgroups



Children are vulnerable to toxic chemicals in crude oil that disrupt normal growth and development. Their brains are highly susceptible to many neurotoxic ingredients. Endocrine disruptors in crude oil can cause abnormal growth, infertility, and other health conditions. Children's exposures may be higher than adults and can include contaminated soil or sand. Newborns are especially vulnerable due to incompletely formed immune and detoxification systems.



Many people with medical conditions are more susceptible to crude oil toxicity because chemical ingredients can damage organ systems that are already impaired. Specific susceptibilities depend on the medical condition (e.g., inhalation poses risks for those with asthma and other respiratory conditions).


People taking medications that reduce their detoxification ability, and those taking acetaminophen, aspirin, haloperidol, who have nutritional deficiencies or who concurrently drink alcohol may be more susceptible. Some inherited enzyme deficiencies also increase susceptibility (listed in CDC, 1999).


People exposed to other toxic chemicals at work or home may be at higher risk.



Pregnancy places increased stress on many organ systems, including the liver, kidneys, and cardiovascular system. Chemicals in crude oil that are toxic to these same systems can pose serious health risks. Pregnancy also requires a careful balance of hormones to maintain a health pregnancy and healthy baby. Endocrine disruptors in crude oil can jeopardize the hormone balance.


The developing fetus is susceptible to the toxic effects of many chemicals in crude oil. Many cause mutations, endocrine disruption, skeletal deformities, and other types of birth defects.


Personal and Public Protection

It is critical that people who work with or around crude oil wear appropriate personal protective equipment such as gloves, masks, respirators, and water repellant clothing, to minimize exposure. The necessary equipment will depend on the kind of exposure that can occur (dermal, inhalation, ingestion). See OSHA guidance at OSHA 2010 link below. Susceptible members of the public require notice when exposure may occur (e.g., when contaminated air masses move inland) so they can take protective actions.





Sources



CDC, 1999: [link to www.atsdr.cdc.gov]



OSHA, 2010: [link to www.osha.gov]



NLM: [link to sis.nlm.nih.gov] - very limited information on human health



The National Toxicology Program (NIEHS-NIH) provides information on carcinogenic crude oil ingredients (e.g., benzene) & limited information on reproductive hazards [link to ntp.niehs.nih.gov]



California's EPA provides a list of chemicals know to cause cancer and/or reproductive harm: [link to www.oehha.org]


==========================================================

[link to www.uspoly.com]

Polychem Dispersit

COMPARATIVE MARINE TOXICITY
Toxicity is determined by the effect of the dispersant mixed with No. 2 fuel, oil 10:1 on Menidia Beryllina and Mysidopsis Bahia after 96 and 48 hours respectively. The oil itself is toxic at about 11 PPM. Corexit 9500 with oil is toxic at 2.61 PPM upon Menidia and 3.4 PPM upon Mysidopsis. Dispersit with oil is toxic at 7.9 PPM upon Menidia and 8.2 PPM upon Mysidopsis. Thus, the toxicity of the waterbased alternative is one half to one third the toxicity than that of the petroleum based product. Toxicity testing was performed on Dispersit by Coastal Bioanalysts Gloucester, VA.

COMPARATIVE HUMAN HEALTH EFFECTS
A review of the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) of Dispersit and any oil based dispersant illustrates the dramatic difference between the water and oil based effects on human health. Dispersit is essentially water and surfactant (soap). The application of Dispersit via spray should be conducted using goggles, gloves and respirator to avoid discomfort. The potential health effect is “slight to none” with protective equipment. As stated in MSDS, Corexit 9500 can cause central nervous system depression, nausea, and unconsciousness. It can cause liver, kidney damage, and red blood cell hemolysis with repeated or prolonged exposure through inhalation or ingestion according to the MSDS. The threat to human health via exposure is characterized a “MODERATE”. In sum, waterbased Dispersit is a material improvement in human health effects when responding to an oil spill.
Anonymous Coward (OP)
User ID: 973441
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05/21/2010 11:28 AM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
Dr Riki Ott - Marine Toxicologist


Anonymous Coward
User ID: 977055
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05/21/2010 11:34 AM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
I knew it. This soon menas major problems down the road for anyone exposed. Wear masks people. Please.
I called this on a thread I posted regarding the rescue people on 911 dying from rare cancers years later. Here's the post:

"All the other cops just think it was in the line of duty. Nothing criminal.

Lots of rescue people have cancer. Rare types.
They were exposed to poison.
What type of poison?
Does it ring a bell that families of those who were killed got a settlement after signing an agreement not to sue?
Now the fishermen on the Gulf are being asked to sign statements so BP gets immunity.
Same players.
Quoting: Anonymous Coward 442346

Different poison.
They too will be exposed to poison floating in the Gulf.
What will the results be a few years from now?
This was the thread:
Thread: WTC veteran cop Robert Oswain, 42, dies from cancer
Anonymous Coward (OP)
User ID: 973441
United States
05/21/2010 11:38 AM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
Listen to this guy...


Anonymous Coward
User ID: 69144
United States
05/21/2010 11:38 AM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
She is right, BP and Obama haven't done anything for safety among other things.
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 198001
United States
05/21/2010 11:40 AM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
Are the teabaggers protesting the cleanup efforts yet.
Anonymous Coward (OP)
User ID: 973441
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05/21/2010 11:42 AM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
Are the teabaggers protesting the cleanup efforts yet.
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 198001


Only if they are using minorities to clean it up
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 715809
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05/21/2010 11:46 AM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
Obama is only focused on Wall Street and the illegal immigrants to give them what they want.
Anon
User ID: 769199
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05/21/2010 11:48 AM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
What are we kindergartners up in here? People, freakin refuse to do the job without the protective clothing. Protect yourself and your family.

Grow Up, America
Anonymous Coward (OP)
User ID: 973441
United States
05/21/2010 11:51 AM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
She is right, BP and Obama haven't done anything for safety among other things.
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 69144


100%...

The MSM is all over BP and not the Govt..

As we have seen from many past events, US Govt does not respond well to disasters...We are good at war and space travel, but natural disasters, we totally suck...

Here they had the perfect opportunity to "pass the buck"..This is "BPs problem" "BP will be responsible for cleaning this up" BP will be responsible for "insert here"..

Truth is we should have taken over by this point and forced them to stop using toxic dispersants, not only from the start but dont forget they made BP stop using the dispersant and then a few days later allowed them to continue...

There are far more effective and far less toxic dispersants out there and BP ordered 100,000 gallons on MAY 3rd...Then why arent they using them?

Check this video out...
[link to www.cnn.com]
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 977182
United States
05/21/2010 11:59 AM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
I knew it. This soon menas major problems down the road for anyone exposed. Wear masks people. Please.
I called this on a thread I posted regarding the rescue people on 911 dying from rare cancers years later. Here's the post:

"All the other cops just think it was in the line of duty. Nothing criminal.

Lots of rescue people have cancer. Rare types.
They were exposed to poison.
What type of poison?
Does it ring a bell that families of those who were killed got a settlement after signing an agreement not to sue?
Now the fishermen on the Gulf are being asked to sign statements so BP gets immunity.
Same players.
Quoting: Anonymous Coward 442346

Different poison.
They too will be exposed to poison floating in the Gulf.
What will the results be a few years from now?
This was the thread:
Thread: WTC veteran cop Robert Oswain, 42, dies from cancer
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 977055


almost all of the Valdez cleanup workers exposed to the dispersant subsequently either became either very sick in the following years, or they died.
Anonymous Coward (OP)
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United States
05/21/2010 12:02 PM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"

Gulf Breeze
User ID: 900491
Canada
05/21/2010 12:03 PM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
Just wait until we get a few good storms off the Gulf and this spreads inland...
Anonymous Coward (OP)
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05/21/2010 12:08 PM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"

Anonymous Coward
User ID: 690179
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05/21/2010 12:10 PM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
People are so stupid if they cant look at those simple numbers and figure out that if there's several times the normal kill-rate, then most of the deaths in excess of normal are most likely attributable to oil/poisoning.

Also too many people don't understand that you don't have to swim through the oil to get poisoned or be affected by it.

I have lost any faith I had in humans at this point. Very few even have the reasoning capabilities to survive. I think evolution is happening-humans are becoming dumb and dumber because they no longer have to use their critical reasoning skills. Also I am tired of reporters playing devils advocate.
Anonymous Coward
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05/21/2010 12:13 PM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
Are the teabaggers protesting the cleanup efforts yet.
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 198001

the teaparty doesn't care about 9/11 Truth either. sad.

we are so toast.
ShadowDancer

User ID: 287857
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05/21/2010 12:20 PM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
bump
************************************
fortitudo et spes
************************************

When Japan happened I responded: "The Excrement Has Impacted the Rotary Oscillator." and clearly it has.
Thread: The Excrement Is Striking the Rotary Oscillator
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
"Ego et Dominus sumus amici"
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Ego et mea umbra
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

'Man does not have the right to develop his own mind. This kind of liberal orientation has great appeal. We must electrically control the brain. Some day armies and generals will be controlled by electric stimulation of the brain.’
- U.S. government mind manipulator, Dr. Jose Delgado, Congressional Record, No. 262E, Vol. 118, 1974
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Realeyesrealizereal​lies. C.

Thread: GIRD uP as GRID Collapses

Thread: Eugenics 101 (Page 27)

Thread: Frankenfoods for YOU (Page 2)

Thread: I Do Not Consent

Thread: FOOD

Thread: Cern Power___Colder than Space

Thread: Hempilation Compilation Contemplation
Thread: Harmonics and Healing (Page 35)
Thread: Sarah's Nightmare (Page 10)
Thread: Destination Maccabees
Thread: Let's Play a GAME

Thread: Throat Singing
Anonymous Cowardess
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05/21/2010 12:22 PM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
Are the teabaggers protesting the cleanup efforts yet.
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 198001



Grow a dick.
Anonymous Cowardess
User ID: 587427
United States
05/21/2010 12:23 PM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
Are the teabaggers protesting the cleanup efforts yet.

the teaparty doesn't care about 9/11 Truth either. sad.

we are so toast.
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 971723



Waaa. I just feel awful for you. Really.

Poor little pussy.


butt
Anonymous Coward
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05/21/2010 12:23 PM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
Are the teabaggers protesting the cleanup efforts yet.


Only if they are using minorities to clean it up
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 973441

Devil's own^^^^ evil.. for your information.. i personally saw thousands of people of all colors..except for Mexicans strangest thing i ever saw... lined up over a city block waiting in line to get training to help clean up this mess..

people like you make me sick. and a big reason we are in the mess we are today..
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 971723
United States
05/21/2010 12:26 PM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
Are the teabaggers protesting the cleanup efforts yet.

the teaparty doesn't care about 9/11 Truth either. sad.

we are so toast.



Waaa. I just feel awful for you. Really.

Poor little pussy.


butt
 Quoting: Anonymous Cowardess 587427

the world is a big toaster. you're toast too.
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 963472
United States
05/21/2010 12:31 PM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
I knew it. This soon menas major problems down the road for anyone exposed. Wear masks people. Please.
I called this on a thread I posted regarding the rescue people on 911 dying from rare cancers years later. Here's the post:

"All the other cops just think it was in the line of duty. Nothing criminal.

Lots of rescue people have cancer. Rare types.
They were exposed to poison.
What type of poison?
D
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 977055

Xenon, crt tubes, LCD, fluorescent and halogen turned to dust, and entering the lungs is a very bad mix, especially xenon bulbs (the ones we use in the household).
GraftedPromise
User ID: 972701
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05/21/2010 12:36 PM
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.
... hmmmmm ... and FEDERAL UNIVERSAL HEALTH CARE passed ...
.
... how convenient? ...
.
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 920413
United States
05/21/2010 12:36 PM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
Your Government appreciates all your service and help in cleaning up one of the worst disasters in history, and in return we would like to provide a free coffin for all patriots.

Your friend
Barry Soetero
Dark Horse
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05/21/2010 12:37 PM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
Ironic that BRITISH Petrolium will be responsible for the near extinction event on the BRITISH Isles.

Still wonder why the Queen is coming?
Foxy Fox
User ID: 975621
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05/21/2010 12:40 PM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
OMG.......this is sooooo HORRIBLE!!! May G-D save us and those affected!!! This is sooo sad!

This needs to go VIRAL!!!!! NOW!!!!

Fox
Anonymous Coward (OP)
User ID: 973441
United States
05/21/2010 12:40 PM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
Are the teabaggers protesting the cleanup efforts yet.


Only if they are using minorities to clean it up

Devil's own^^^^ evil.. for your information.. i personally saw thousands of people of all colors..except for Mexicans strangest thing i ever saw... lined up over a city block waiting in line to get training to help clean up this mess..

people like you make me sick. and a big reason we are in the mess we are today..
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 977103


People like me???

You dont know who I am or what I believe in...

I was simply making a joke because Rand Paul is being exposed as having some potentially racist views..

God, ease up. Just a wise crack
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 751882
United States
05/21/2010 12:40 PM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"


 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 973441


OMG! My heart bleeds for these people and for the entire United States of America. We have been attacked again. If this isn't "the Cheney curse" I don't know what is:

[link to www.georgewashington2.blogspot.com]
Anonymous Coward
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05/21/2010 12:41 PM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
Greenspace
Environmental news from California and beyond


Gulf oil spill: EPA orders BP to use less toxic dispersant
May 20, 2010 | 10:26 am

The Environmental Protection Agency has ordered BP to use a less toxic chemicals in the company’s effort to clean up the massive oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, a key congressman announced on Thursday.

Rep. Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.), who three days ago questioned the toxicity of a dispersant called Corexit, praised the agency’s decision. Markey had argued that some formulations of Corexit were banned in Britain more than a decade ago because of harmful effects to sea life.

“I commend the Obama administration for acting swiftly to address my concerns that the dispersant BP chose to use is more toxic than other available formulations,” said Markey, who chairs the Energy and Environment Subcommittee in the Energy and Commerce Committee. “The effect of long-term use of dispersants on the marine ecosystem has not been extensively studied, and we need to act with the utmost of caution.”

The use of dispersants is one tactic in the battle to contain the damage from the leaking underwater well that has poured millions of gallons of oil into the Gulf of Mexico in the last month.

After criticism of Corexit surfaced at recent congressional hearings, the EPA gave BP 24 hours to find a new dispersant. The company must submit its list of agents for approval to the EPA.

A formal announcement by the EPA was posted Thursday.

On Wednesday, Rep. John Hall (D-N.Y.) used some of his time in the House Transportation and Infrastructure hearing to grill the head of BP America, Lamar McKay, over the company's choice of Corexit. Hall said that the company that makes the dispersant, Nalco Holding, has a former BP executive on its board.

BP officials have repeatedly said that the dispersants are safe, arguing they are like soap that breaks the oil into smaller drops that can be naturally degraded by microbes.

“The tests used to measure the toxicity of dispersants involve only a 96-hour dose to the marine animals that will be exposed to them – clearly, their effects when they’re used over longer periods might be significantly more damaging,” Markey said in his letter. “The release of hundreds of thousands of gallons of chemicals into the Gulf of Mexico could be an unprecedented, large and aggressive experiment on our oceans. We must ensure that these chemicals, which are being touted as a way to mitigate the effects of the spill, first do no harm to marine life.”

-- Michael Muskal

[link to latimesblogs.latimes.com]
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 977055
United States
05/21/2010 12:41 PM
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Re: Cleanup Workers getting sick - "Literally fries the brain"
People who live on the coast are in danger from simply breathing the fumes from this toxic brew.
When regular folks start getting sick, the coastal evacuations will begin.

News








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