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Before the Oil Spill on 4/20 in the GOM...Brown Dwarf 10 light years away and number 345 coincidence..

 
_SATAN_
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Before the Oil Spill on 4/20 in the GOM...Brown Dwarf 10 light years away and number 345 coincidence..
[link to www.cbsnews.com]
This isn't the link I posted on facebook to all of the locals here in LA; however the one I did post had the numbers 345, and I recall it being a NASA sight. 345 of course is a telephone prefix here, and Venus was 345 degrees of the ecliptic when I became a reborn Christian =]
Anyway: Earth's Newest Neighbor: 10 Light Years Away
Astronomers have discovered the closest new star to us that’s been spotted in 63 years. Though “star” might be a stretch, depending upon whom you ask.

The new find, UGPS 0722-05, is less than 10 light years from here. But sky-watchers missed it for so long because it’s a brown dwarf, a member of the murky class of celestial objects that linger between gas giant planets and low-mass stars. Brown dwarfs have so little mass that they never get hot enough to sustain the nuclear fusion reactions that power stars like the sun. Still, they do shine, because they glow from the heat of their formation, then cool and fade.

This dwarf’s temperature is somewhere between 266 and 446 degrees Fahrenheit, making it the coldest scientists have even seen. With its minimal activity, the brown dwarf gives off just 0.000026 (26 trillionths) percent the amount of light that our sun does.

Like dwarf planets, which cast aside the 9-planet solar system of our childhoods and riled Pluto-philes everywhere, brown dwarfs don’t lend themselves to simple scientific definitions.


The International Astronomical Union sets the planet-brown dwarf boundary at 13 times the mass of Jupiter. But that mass limit is an imperfect definition-what of brown dwarf-size bodies that orbit stars, behaving themselves like supersized planets.

The nomenclature could get even messier when the details of this new find are confirmed. Study leader Philip Lucas and his colleagues suggest that the newly discovered brown dwarf is so cool that it might be the first member of a new class of ultralow temperature dwarfs. Although one fingerprint of such a new class, absorption of infrared light by ammonia, appears to be missing, only “time will tell” if the discovery merits a new classification, the researchers note. Lucas’ team’s is currently being submitted to the journal Nature, where the peer-review process should help to verify how close the team was with its measurement of the brown dwarf’s distance. If they’re correct, UGPS 0722-05 will not only beat out the previous record-holders for proximity to Earth-a binary set of brown dwarfs in the Epsilon Indi system, about 11.8 light-years away-it would also suggest that perhaps more of these shadowy celestial objects linger even closer to us.
Posterchild

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05/27/2010 02:52 PM
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Re: Before the Oil Spill on 4/20 in the GOM...Brown Dwarf 10 light years away and number 345 coincidence..
Anyone find it a little odd that Hitlers birthday just happened to be April 20th... The Third Reich is still running strong, don't be fooled!
_SATAN_ (OP)

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Re: Before the Oil Spill on 4/20 in the GOM...Brown Dwarf 10 light years away and number 345 coincidence..
Anyone find it a little odd that Hitlers birthday just happened to be April 20th... The Third Reich is still running strong, don't be fooled!
 Quoting: Posterchild

chuckle

Here is more 'accidental coincidence'.
[link to en.wikipedia.org]
ASC: 22h 03m 21.6571s
DEC: -56deg 47' 09.514''

12 light-years away in the constellation of Indus. As seen from Epsilon Indi, the Sun is a 2nd magnitude star in Ursa Major, near the bowl of the Big Dipper.

Uranometria in the 1600's mentioned it as "One of the arrows being held in the left hand of the Indian".

the last 4 digits of my number happen to be: 1882-3 (it's 1883 here), the parallax of Epsilon Indi was measured by astronomers David Gill and William L ELkin at the Cape of Good Hope. They derived a parallax estimate of .22±.03 arcseconds.[9] In 1923, Harlow Shapley of the Harvard Observatory derived a parallax of 0.45 arcseconds.[10]

This star has been examined in the infrared band of the electromagnetic spectrum in an effort to find an excess of radiation. The presence of an infrared excess can be taken as an indication of a debris disk orbiting the star. Such a disk can be formed from the collisions of planetismals that survive from the early period of the star's protoplanetary disk. However, no such excess was discovered around Epsilon Indi.

Last Edited by _Anon_ on 05/27/2010 03:01 PM
_SATAN_ (OP)

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Re: Before the Oil Spill on 4/20 in the GOM...Brown Dwarf 10 light years away and number 345 coincidence..
[link to www.eso.org]
wow info. about this stellar phenonema are compiling, and all your compile are belonging to us.

Tiny moving needles in giant haystacks

Imagine you are a professional ornithologist, recently returned home from an expedition to the jungles of South America, where you spent long weeks using your high-powered telephoto lenses searching for rare species of birds. Relaxing, you take a couple of wide-angle snapshots of the blooming flowers in your back garden, undistracted by the common blackbird flying across your viewfinder. Only later, when carefully comparing those snaps, you notice something tiny and unusually coloured, flittering close behind the blackbird: you've discovered an exotic, rare bird, right there at home.

In much the same way, a team of astronomers [2] has just found one of the closest neighbours to the Sun, an exotic 'failed star' known as a 'brown dwarf', moving rapidly across the sky in the southern constellation Indus (The Indian). Interestingly, at a time when telescopes are growing larger and are equipped with ever more sophisticated electronic detectors, there is still much to be learned by combining old photographic plates with this modern technology.

Photographic plates taken by wide-field ("Schmidt") telescopes over the past decades have been given a new lease on life through being digitised by automated measuring machines, allowing computers to trawl effectively through huge and invaluable data archives that are by far not yet fully exploited [3]. For the Southern Sky, the Institute for Astronomy in Edinburgh (Scotland, UK) has recently released scans made by the SuperCOSMOS machine of plates spanning several decades in three optical passbands. These data are perfectly suited to the search for objects with large proper motions and extreme colours, such as brown dwarfs in the Solar vicinity.
Everything is moving - a question of perspective

In astronomy, the `proper motion' of a star signifies its apparent motion on the celestial sphere; it is usually expressed in arcseconds per year [4]. The corresponding, real velocity of a star (in kilometres per second) can only be estimated if the distance is known.

A star with a large proper motion may indicate a real large velocity or simply that the star is close to us. By analogy, an airplane just after takeoff has a much lower true speed than when it's cruising at high altitude, but to an observer watching near an airport, the departing airplane seems to be moving much more quickly across the sky.

Proxima Centauri, our nearest stellar neighbour, is just 4.2 light-years away and has a proper motion of 3.8 arcsec/year (corresponding to 23 km/sec relative to the Sun, in the direction perpendicular to the line-of-sight). The highest known proper motion star is Barnard's Star at 6 light-years distance and moving 10 arcsec/year (87 km/sec relative to the Sun). All known stars within 30 light-years are high-proper-motion objects and move at least 0.2 arcsec/year.
_SATAN_ (OP)

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Re: Before the Oil Spill on 4/20 in the GOM...Brown Dwarf 10 light years away and number 345 coincidence..
Brown dwarfs are thought to form in much the same way as stars, by the gravitational collapse of clumps of cold gas and dust in dense molecular clouds. However, for reasons not yet entirely clear, some clumps end up with masses less than about 7.5% of that of our Sun, or 75 times the mass of planet Jupiter. Below that boundary, there is not enough pressure in the core to initiate nuclear hydrogen fusion, the long-lasting and stable source of power for ordinary stars like the Sun. Except for a brief early phase where some deuterium is burned, these low-mass objects simply continue to cool and fade slowly away while releasing the heat left-over from their birth.

Theoretical discussions of such objects began some 40 years ago. They were first named 'black dwarfs' and later 'brown dwarfs', in recognition of their predicted very cool temperatures. However, they were also predicted to be very faint and very red, and it was only in 1995 that such objects began to be detected.

This song references 1995:


But formerly, it mentioned 1991 (I'm fairly sure).
In the description it says:
The smell of Black Metal, ninety-ninety five... (Well, i have to cut a piece... 10 minute time rule on youtube...
_SATAN_ (OP)

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Re: Before the Oil Spill on 4/20 in the GOM...Brown Dwarf 10 light years away and number 345 coincidence..
Epsilon Indi..or EI EI, Uh Oh?

_SATAN_ (OP)

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Re: Before the Oil Spill on 4/20 in the GOM...Brown Dwarf 10 light years away and number 345 coincidence..
[link to www.space.com]

Moon Dirt Mystery Piled Up Over Billions of Years

Cosmic material that has settled on the moon over billions of years could shed light on where a peculiar type of nitrogen in our solar system came from, a new study suggests.

The powdery lunar surface contains isotopes of nitrogen (IONS?)that, for the most part, appear to have been carried there by still enigmatic sources. Scientists have long known there are different types of nitrogen on the moon, but how it all got there is unknown.

(Many industrially important compounds, such as ammonia, nitric acid, organic nitrates (propellants and explosives), and cyanides, contain nitrogen. Nitrogen occurs in all living organisms. It is a constituent element of amino acids and thus of proteins, and of nucleic acids (DNA and RNA). It resides in the chemical structure of almost all neurotransmitters)

"Somehow, we see a substantial amount of nitrogen on the moon, over and above the well-known solar wind, and we don't have a single clue as to where it comes from," said cosmochemist John Kerridge at the University of California, San Diego in La Jolla, a co-investigator of the study into the lunar conundrum. "It's just baffling."

Where did it come from?

Although the sun's solar wind has deposited nitrogen on the moon, this solar nitrogen mostly consists of lighter isotopes, as NASA's Genesis spacecraft revealed in samples it collected of the solar wind. In contrast, a much heavier combination of nitrogen isotopes outnumbers this solar nitrogen roughly 10 to one on the moon.

"The nitrogen in the atmosphere we're breathing is not the same that was initially present in the solar system," said study co-investigator cosmochemist Kurt Marti also of the University of California, San Diego in La Jolla.

Solving the mystery behind where this "non-solar" nitrogen comes from could shed light on the ancient forces that drove the origins and evolution of Earth and the rest of the solar system. One alternative regarding the origin of non-solar nitrogen is that it came from comets.

"It's not a complete fit, though — comets also are strongly enriched in deuterium, which we don't see as much of on the moon," Marti said.

Marti and Kerridge detailed this research in the May 28 issue of the journal Science.

Nitrogen from deep space

Another possibility is that this nitrogen came from interstellar space as our solar system traveled around the galaxy. Telescopes are now powerful enough to scan interstellar matter for what nitrogen isotopes they possess, Marti noted.

The moon could be an ideal place to find out where this non-solar nitrogen came from. For instance, judging from lunar samples collected by Apollo 16, "this non-solar nitrogen is still coming in from unknown sources," Marti explained. "In the 2-million-year-old South Ray Crater, we see this nitrogen there, and also in another crater made 50 million years ago."

"The lunar surface is like a history museum," Marti added. "If we can identify when this nitrogen was implanted in the lunar surface, then we can trace back what its history was."

Last Edited by _Anon_ on 05/27/2010 03:38 PM

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