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Subject NASA isn´t stopping at Temple 1. Next in line awaits comet...
Poster Handle SuperEgo
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Boethin...

Deep Impact´s scheduled run-in with a comet this holiday weekend may not be a one hit wonder. Scientists are studying other potential targets after the spacecraft completes its dramatic mission at Comet Tempel 1.

The main mission for the NASA craft is to create celestial fireworks early Monday morning (late Sunday in western United States). A "Flyby" vehicle will deploy an "Impactor" probe for the hit-and-run encounter. The Impactor that thumps into Comet Tempel 1 is likely to vaporize upon impact. The kinetic energy of the collision is expected to create a crater the size of a football field and propel material from the comet´s nucleus into space.

From its vantage point several hundred miles away, the Flyby spacecraft will use its telescopes, cameras and spectrometer to monitor the impact, all in an effort to study what´s underneath the comet´s icy surface.

Then the Flyby spacecraft might be retargeted to another faraway comet.

High-tech checkup

"We´ve been working on an extended mission," said Monte Henderson, Deputy Director of Programs in Civil Space Systems for Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corporation here. The company designed and built the two-part spacecraft specifically for the Deep Impact mission.

Depending on the overall health of Deep Impact´s Flyby spacecraft after monitoring Comet Tempel 1, a go/no-go decision can be made to send it on a 3.5 year cruise to Comet Boethin.

That object orbits the Sun every 11 years. It was discovered on January 4, 1975 during a routine comet-hunting session carried out by the now deceased Reverend Leo Boethin of the Philippines.

Henderson told SPACE.com that shortly after Deep Impact´s slam-dunk with Comet Tempel 1, engineers will give the Flyby spacecraft a high-tech checkup. Particular attention will be paid to how much dust and debris that spews out from the comet has hit the Flyby craft.

Will instruments onboard the Flyby spacecraft remain in tip-top shape? Or have their optics been sandblasted?

Potential damage

The Flyby spacecraft -- nearly as large as a Volkswagen Beetle -- carries two of the three primary instruments, the High Resolution Instrument (HRI) and the Medium Resolution Instrument (MRI), for imaging, infrared spectroscopy, and optical navigation.

Debris shielding is a key part of the Flyby spacecraft´s design.

As the spacecraft passes through the inner coma of Comet Tempel 1 it is in danger of being struck by small particles that could damage the control, imaging and communication systems.

To minimize this potential damage the Flyby spacecraft is rotated before it passes through the inner coma. That debris shielding should provide, it is hoped, complete protection to the flyby spacecraft and its instruments.

The spacecraft´s main deck serves as a back wall and an aluminum shield protects the Flyby spacecraft.

Fuel budget

"After the encounter, we´ll do a mini-commissioning of the Flyby spacecraft," Henderson said. If the reassessment is positive, a good portion of the remaining fuel on the Flyby vehicle will be used to put it on a 3.5-year jaunt to reach Comet Boethin. The redirecting maneuver would need to occur sometime before July 24, he said.

"If we don´t have good solid science instruments to use at Comet Boethin, we probably wouldn´t want to expend our entire fuel budget. It would be more prudent to step back and figure out what else can we do," Henderson said.

Given a healthy Flyby spacecraft, there is discussion at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California of trying out autonomous navigation software, Henderson said.

Additionally, Deep Impact´s Principal Investigator, Michael A´Hearn at the University of Maryland, is also considering a request for proposals from the scientific community. Ideas will be welcomed, Henderson added, as to what other observations could be done with the Flyby spacecraft en route to zipping by Comet Boethin.

Continued:
[link to space.com]
050629_deep_impact_beyond.html
 
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