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Tests Show Notorious Carcinogen Is Widespread In U.S. Tap Water

 
Trinity123
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01/04/2011 07:38 AM
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Tests Show Notorious Carcinogen Is Widespread In U.S. Tap Water
[link to www.wateronline.com]

Tests Show Notorious Carcinogen Is Widespread In U.S. Tap Water

December 20, 2010

Oakland, CA — Millions of Americans are drinking water contaminated with the carcinogenic chemical that came to national attention in the 2000 feature film Erin Brockovich. Laboratory tests commissioned by Environmental Working Group (EWG) found hexavalent chromium, or chromium-6, in the drinking water of 31 of 35 selected U.S. cities. Among those with the highest levels were Norman, Okla.; Honolulu; and Riverside, Calif.

Despite mounting evidence of the contaminant's toxic effects, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has not set a legal limit for chromium-6 in tap water and does not require water utilities to test for it. Hexavalent chromium is commonly discharged from steel and pulp mills as well as metal-plating and leather-tanning facilities. It can also pollute water through erosion of natural deposits.

The authoritative National Toxicology Program (NTP) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has said that chromium-6 in drinking water shows "clear evidence of carcinogenic activity" in laboratory animals, increasing the risk of gastrointestinal tumors. Just last October, a draft review by the EPA similarly found that ingesting the chemical in tap water is "likely to be carcinogenic to humans." Other health risks associated with exposure include liver and kidney damage, anemia and ulcers.

In response to the NTP study and others, California last year became the first state to propose setting a public health goal for chromium-6 in drinking water of 0.06 parts per billion (ppb) — setting the stage for establishing a statewide enforceable limit.

The hazards of chromium-6 contamination first came to light in 1993, when Brockovich helped build a now-famous class action lawsuit against Pacific Gas and Electric Co. (PG&E) for polluting the water supply of Hinkley, Calif. The suit eventually led to a $333 million settlement.

"Every single day, pregnant mothers in Norman, Oklahoma, school children in Madison, Wisconsin, and many other Americans are drinking water laced with this cancer-causing chemical," said EWG senior scientist Rebecca Sutton, Ph.D. "If the EPA required local water utilities to test for hexavalent chromium, the public would at least know if it was present in their local water. Without mandatory tests and a safe legal limit that all utilities must meet, many of us will continue to swallow some quantity of this carcinogen every day."

"It is sometimes difficult to understand why I still have to warn the public about the presence of hexavalent chromium in drinking water 23 years after my colleagues and I first sounded the alarm," said Brockovich. "This report underscores, in fairly stark terms, the health risks that millions of Americans still face because of water contamination."

In 25 cities tested by EWG, concentrations of chromium-6 in tap water were higher than California's proposed public health limit. In Norman, Okla. (population 90,000), the level was more than 200 times the state's proposed safe level.

EWG's investigation is the broadest publicly available survey of hexavalent chromium contamination of drinking water to date. The 31 cities shown to have chromium-polluted tap water draw from utilities that collectively serve more than 26 million people. In California, the only state that requires testing for chromium-6, utilities have reported detecting the compound in tap water supplied to more than 31 million people, according to an EWG analysis of data from the state water agency.

Concerned consumers can dramatically reduce the amount of the chemical in their drinking water by investing in a reverse osmosis filtration system for the home. There is no legal limit for hexavalent chromium in bottled water either, so consumers cannot assume it is free of the contaminant.

SOURCE: Environmental Working Group


Independently tested systems to reduce contamination available to consumers

Homeowners can learn about home-based products that have been independently tested to fight harmful chromium in their water, the Water Quality Association said recently.

In light of a report today showing hexavalent chromium in water supplies across the nation, concerned consumers are urged to learn more at wqa.org. WQA is a not-for-profit association that tests products following guidelines developed by ANSI/NSF, the most respected standards-development agency in the nation.

According to reports, the Environmental Working Group has found hexavalent chromium in the water of cities throughout America. The amount in 25 of the 35 cities tested, exceeded a recent "public health goal" level that the state of California is considering. This type of chromium is widely considered a probable carcinogen.

"This report is one more piece of evidence to consumers that final barrier technology should be utilized to provide a sense of confidence for their families' water," said Peter J. Censky, executive director of WQA.

WQA certifies reverse osmosis (RO) systems that reduce hexavalent chromium. It is also known that distillation and anion exchange methods are effective.

WQA's Gold Seal program provides product certification that utilizes a scientific method for consumers to ensure the effectiveness of the devices they purchase. Those interested should visit wqa.org, click on Gold Seal, and search by contaminant – hexavalent chromium.

Consumers should also check with individual manufacturers to learn what specific reduction levels different products offer. This will ensure they are finding products that best serve their particular needs.

In addition, consumers can find locally certified dealers by visiting WQA's Find-A-Water Professional feature. Dealers are certified though rigorous study and testing. More information about contaminants is also available at WQA's Water Information Library, which includes a search function.

WQA also offers a series of "Technical Applications Bulletins," offering information on treating specific contaminants, including chromium. This is also available online at wqa.org. According to the bulletin, hexavalent chromium is considered a health risk that can cause cancer, as well as nausea, ulcers, kidney and liver damage, and other ill effects.

About WQA
WQA is a not-for-profit association that provides public information about water treatment issues and also trains and certifies professionals to better serve consumers. WQA has more than 2,500 members internationally.

SOURCE: Water Quality Association

abduct

Last Edited by Tarpa on 01/04/2011 07:46 AM
English is NOT my native language, get over it!
How is your Dutch, German and French???
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 1205606
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01/04/2011 07:45 AM
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Re: Tests Show Notorious Carcinogen Is Widespread In U.S. Tap Water
Very disturbing....

The National Drinking Water Database also has some helpful information.

[link to www.ewg.org]
Nero
User ID: 811871
Canada
01/04/2011 07:51 AM
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Re: Tests Show Notorious Carcinogen Is Widespread In U.S. Tap Water
sounds like grain intake symptoms.

don't eat it.

cancer dosen't NEED excuses.

did you know that a four week old, has developed lukemia??

thirty days old.

how many generations of non-saturated fat intake does it take to develop that.

sure pollution does bad things, however

so do C O M M O N 'things.'

look into it, and don't ingest so much water, really.
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 1011642
United States
01/04/2011 08:00 AM
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Re: Tests Show Notorious Carcinogen Is Widespread In U.S. Tap Water
Where I live, the water has been tested and found to be below safe levels. It is not there due to lack or regulation, or pollution, or even by the hand of man at all..
It is naturally occurring in the rocks and has always been there regardless if you were a native American 300 years ago, or a modern sheep making coffee.
Trinity123 (OP)

User ID: 1189758
Netherlands
01/04/2011 08:02 AM
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Re: Tests Show Notorious Carcinogen Is Widespread In U.S. Tap Water
sounds like grain intake symptoms.

don't eat it.

cancer dosen't NEED excuses.

did you know that a four week old, has developed lukemia??

thirty days old.

how many generations of non-saturated fat intake does it take to develop that.

sure pollution does bad things, however

so do C O M M O N 'things.'

look into it, and don't ingest so much water, really.
 Quoting: Nero 811871


I hope your baby gets cured. I wish you and your family the best in these difficult times.

hf

Last Edited by Tarpa on 01/04/2011 08:02 AM
English is NOT my native language, get over it!
How is your Dutch, German and French???

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