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The Coptic\Ethiopian\ancient Egyptian calendar year starts on September 11

 
Anonymous
User ID: 1230278
Sudan
01/14/2011 07:00 PM
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The Coptic\Ethiopian\ancient Egyptian calendar year starts on September 11
The Coptic calendar\Alexandrian calendar\Ethiopian calendar, is used by the Coptic Orthodox Church and still used in Egypt. This calendar is based on the ancient Egyptian calendar. To avoid the calendar creep of the latter, a reform of the ancient Egyptian calendar was introduced at the time of Ptolemy III (Decree of Canopus, in 238 BC) which consisted of the intercalation of a sixth epagomenal day every fourth year. However, this reform was opposed by the Egyptian priests, and the idea was not adopted until 25 BC, when the Roman Emperor Augustus formally reformed the calendar of Egypt, keeping it forever synchronized with the newly introduced Julian calendar. To distinguish it from the Ancient Egyptian calendar, which remained in use by some astronomers until medieval times, this reformed calendar is known as the Coptic calendar. Its years and months coincide with those of the Ethiopian calendar but have different numbers and names.

The Coptic year is the extension of the ancient Egyptian civil year, retaining its subdivision into the three seasons, four months each. The three seasons are commemorated by special prayers in the Coptic Liturgy. This calendar is still in use all over Egypt by farmers to keep track of the various agricultural seasons. The Coptic calendar has 13 months, 12 of 30 days each and one intercalary month at the end of the year of 5 days in length, except in leap years when the month is 6 days. The year starts on 29 August in the Julian Calendar or on the 30th in the year before (Julian) Leap Years. The Coptic Leap Year follows the same rules as the Julian Calendar so that the extra month always has six days in the year before a Julian Leap Year.


The Coptic calendar has 13 months, 12 of 30 days each and an intercalary month at the end of the year of 5 or 6 days depending whether the year is a leap year or not. The year starts on 11 September in the Gregorian Calendar or on the 12th in the year before (Gregorian) Leap Years.




Thout ,also known as Tout, is the first month of the Coptic calendar. It lies between 11 September and 10 October of the Gregorian calendar. The month of Thout is also the first month of the Season of 'Akhet' (Inundation) in Ancient Egypt, when the Nile floods historically covered the land of Egypt; it has not done so since the construction of the High Dam at Aswan.

The name of the month comes from Thoth, the Ancient Egyptian God of Wisdom.

The Ethiopian calendar (Amharic: የኢትዮጵያ ዘመን አቆጣጠር yä'Ityoṗṗya zämän aḳoṭaṭär), also called the Ethiopian Ge'ez calendar, is the principal calendar used in Ethiopia and also serves as the liturgical calendar for Christians in Eritrea belonging to the Eritrean Orthodox Church, Eastern Catholic Church and Lutheran Evangelical Church of Eritrea. It is based on the older Alexandrian or Coptic calendar, which in turn derives from the Egyptian calendar, but like the Julian calendar, it adds a leap day every four years without exception, and begins the year on August 29 or August 30 in the Julian calendar. A seven- to eight-year gap between the Ethiopian and Gregorian calendars results from alternate calculations in determining the date of the Annunciation of Jesus.

Like the Coptic calendar, the Ethiopian calendar has twelve months of 30 days each plus five or six epagomenal days, which comprise a thirteenth month. The Ethiopian months begin on the same days as those of the Coptic calendar, but their names are in Ge'ez. The sixth epagomenal day is added every four years without exception on August 29 of the Julian calendar, six months before the Julian leap day. Thus the first day of the Ethiopian year, 1 Mäskäräm, for years between 1901 and 2099 (inclusive), is usually September 11 (Gregorian), but falls on September 12 in years before the Gregorian leap year.

The current year according to the Ethiopian calendar is 2003, which began on September 11, 2010 AD of the Gregorian calendar. It has six epagonemal days and so the following year (2004) will begin on September 12, 2011.


[link to en.wikipedia.org]
[link to en.wikipedia.org]
[link to en.wikipedia.org]
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 1230295
Sudan
01/14/2011 07:10 PM
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Re: The Coptic\Ethiopian\ancient Egyptian calendar year starts on September 11
bump
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 1230185
United States
01/14/2011 07:30 PM
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Re: The Coptic\Ethiopian\ancient Egyptian calendar year starts on September 11
bump
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 1232567
Sudan
01/16/2011 05:33 PM
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Re: The Coptic\Ethiopian\ancient Egyptian calendar year starts on September 11
The Coptic calendar has 13 months
 Quoting: Anonymous 1230278

13th Zodiac???
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 664301
United States
01/16/2011 05:36 PM
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Re: The Coptic\Ethiopian\ancient Egyptian calendar year starts on September 11
[link to en.wikipedia.org]
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 1225565
United States
01/16/2011 05:37 PM
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Re: The Coptic\Ethiopian\ancient Egyptian calendar year starts on September 11
Nice.
"/
User ID: 1232031
Netherlands
01/16/2011 06:03 PM
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Re: The Coptic\Ethiopian\ancient Egyptian calendar year starts on September 11
hi o is some time ago.

they are always right on it.

not that i care but man it is like a bunch of apes(coloredornot) following other ones.
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 1234813
Sudan
01/18/2011 01:08 PM
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Re: The Coptic\Ethiopian\ancient Egyptian calendar year starts on September 11
bump bump bump
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 22961168
Brazil
08/31/2012 07:11 PM
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Re: The Coptic\Ethiopian\ancient Egyptian calendar year starts on September 11
All true.

The calendar of the Copts of Egypt and the calendar of the Orthodox Christians of Ethiopia, both start a new year at August 29th in the Julian calendar, that happens to be September 11th in the Gregorian calendar used today in civil life.

Great catch, OP!

Sudan is located between Egypt and Ethiopia! No wonder the OP is from Sudan!



Also, this start of a new year on September 11th is a remaining of the Ancient Egyptian calendar.
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 22961168
Brazil
08/31/2012 07:17 PM
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Re: The Coptic\Ethiopian\ancient Egyptian calendar year starts on September 11
Read:


In 238 BCE, the Ptolemaic rulers decreed that every 4th year should be 366 days long rather than 365. The Egyptians, most of whom were farmers, did not accept the reform, as it was the agricultural seasons that made up their year. The reform eventually went into effect with the introduction of the "Alexandrian calendar" by Augustus in 26/25 BCE, which included a 6th epagomenal day for the first time in 22 BCE. This almost stopped the movement of the first day of the year, 1 Thoth, relative to the seasons, leaving it on 29 August in the Julian calendar except in the year before a Julian leap year, when a 6th epagomenal day occurred on 29 August, shifting 1 Thoth to 30 August.[5]


source:

[link to en.wikipedia.org]



Please notice that Wikipedia is refering to 29 August in the Julian calendar.

It's equivalent to September 11th in the Gregorian calendar that we use today in the civil life.

So, September 11th 2001 in the Gregorian calendar was August 29th 2001 in the Julian calendar.

The 911 attacks happened in the New Year's Day of the Ancient Egyptian calendar.

And there you can see the hand of the Rosicrucians.
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 22961168
Brazil
08/31/2012 07:17 PM
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Re: The Coptic\Ethiopian\ancient Egyptian calendar year starts on September 11
bump

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