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NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)

 
NiNzrez

User ID: 1135433
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02/21/2011 10:29 AM

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NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
*****************************************
Following web services have been terminated.
Real-time Magnetosphere Simulation and SPACE WEATHER SIMULATION (SWS)


The NICT Real-time Space Weather Simulation Service ended at the end of March 2012 because the lease period of the supercomputer for the real-time simulation expired and because a supercomputer for the real-time service will not be immediately available. We plan to develop more accurate and practical space environment models, hoping to be able to resume the real-time simulation in the near future.
*******************************

source [link to www.nict.go.jp]


------------------------------------------------------

Please keep in mind I am no expert, but just one of many who have a interest in solar activities. With solar cycle 24 solar max just around the corner, the Sun will be becoming more and more active. Due to this I felt that a guide to understand the NICT magnetosphere website would be helpful to fellow solar watchers that have an interest in what is going on.

-----------------------------------------------------------

Guide On How To View and Understand The NICT Magnetosphere Readings

The nict Magnetosphere Simulation website
[link to www2.nict.go.jp]

NCIT is a real time Magnetosphere simulation of data gathered from the ACE satellite

if the nict goes down again
YOU CAN SEE ALL ACE DATA HERE:
[link to www.solarham.com]
[link to www.swpc.noaa.gov]


Here is a video explanation of what you are looking at :)


[link to video.godlikeproductions.com]


When the Sun produces a Coronal Mass Ejection (CME), the ejection sends solar winds out into space. The solar winds sent out by a CME carry with it it's own magnetic field called the Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF) and solar particles (density).
The strength of the CME is what determines how strong the Solar Winds are and the density varies with each CME.
The stronger the CME is, the stronger the solar wind IMF is.

If a CME is Earth directed, it then sends those Solar Winds and IMF in Earths direction. The IMF is not constant and changes in strength and polarity (north/south) orientation.
This simulation shows the effects of Solar Flares and CME's on Earths Magnetosphere in real time.
(Note: Earth facing magnetic filament eruptions and coronol hole's also effect Earths magnetosphere. Do a search to learn more about these events)


IMPORTANT NOTE:
A Solar Flare and CME are NOT the same.
A Solar Flare is Light, A CME is Mass!
A Flare travels at the speed of light
A CME travels at the speed of ejection
(like pressing on the gas peddle of a car)

a Solar Flare and CME are NOT the same.

A solar Flare is a eruption of intense high-energy radiation from the sun's surface and reaches Earth very fast, in around 8 minutes.
The levels of Flare strength are A, B, C, M and X (in order of weakest to strongest).
[link to en.wikipedia.org]

A CME (coronal mass ejection) is an ejection of material from the solar corona, usually observed with a white-light coronagraph. A CME may or may not be produced by the sunspot explosion. If it does produce a CME, it takes anywhere from 2 to 3 days to reach Earth, and sometimes even longer
[link to en.wikipedia.org]



So lets open a new tab in your browser and take a look at this
[link to www2.nict.go.jp]

(TOP LEFT PICTURE) = The real time simulated picture of of all NICT magnetosphere data. The red and blue lines represent magnetic lines of force found within Earths magnetic field.
When the lines are crossed or in a ball (Example: [link to api.ning.com] ), The IMF is in a north direction (positive) and the magnetosphere is protecting its self from solar winds and particles. This is good.
When the lines are open (into wings), the IMF is in a southward direction and the Magnetosphere is open allowing solar wind IMF and particles to connect with Earth's magnetic field (Example: [link to i.ytimg.com] ).

(Top Right Picture) = The real time simulated picture of the Pressure on the Magnetosphere (Solar Wind Speed + Density)
When the solar winds and Density is low, the magnetosphere is under little pressure and turns darker blue.
When the solar winds and density is high, the magnetosphere is under high pressure and turns white.
(see scale to the right of simulation)

----------------------------------------------------------

Speed of Solar Winds "V(km/s)" = Energy level
Density "Dens.(p/cc)" = Number of Particles in the Solar Wind
Speed of Solar Winds + Density = Amount of Pressure on our Magnetosphere
= same as
V(km/s) + Dens.(p/cc) = Amount of Pressure on our Magnetosphere

Low Solar Wind Speed = Low amount of Energy
High Solar Wind Speed = High amount of Energy

Low Density = Low amount of Particles
High Density = High amount of Particles

----------------------------------------------------------

Bz(nt) and By(nt):
Bz = North / South
By = East / West

Bz and By measure the angel of the solar wind interplanetary magnetic field (IMF)
Bz and By define a vertical plane like plus sign (+).
The solar wind angle is the angle produced from the vector sum of By and Bz. You can see the solar wind clock angle here along with a more detailed explanation.
[link to www.ips.gov.au]


Bz being positive (in the green) = A Northward direction of the Solar winds.
This is the same direction as Earths magnetic field.
Because of this, when the SOLAR WIND IMF hit Earths magnetosphere they are repelled back into space.

Bz being Negative (in the red) = A Southward direction of the solar winds.
This is in the opposite direction of Earths magnetic field.
Because of this, when the IMF hits Earths magnetosphere
the two fields connect in a process called Magnetic Reconnection

The more the Bz in the green = the more the northward IMF direction and the stronger the repulsion
The more the Bz is in the red = the more the Southward IMF direction and the stronger the connection

-----------------------------------------------------------

SIMPLE SUMMERY:
When the solar wind speed "V(km/s)" and the density "Dens.(p/cc)" get high, into the green and the Bz(nt) goes south, into the red area, This is when we get a geomagnetic storm.
The more extreme these are into these areas, the more extreme the storm
Photo Example:
[link to i.ytimg.com]


Magnetosphere Photo with Labels
[link to www.nasa.gov]


How to read some of the other basic data monitors:
[link to www.angelfire.com]

NOAA Space Weather Scale for Geomagnetic Storms:
[link to www.swpc.noaa.gov]

Here is a few good links to keep track of current solar events:
[link to spaceweather.com]
[link to solarcycle24.com]
[link to solarimg.org]
[link to prop.hfradio.org]
[link to www.swpc.noaa.gov]
[link to www.solarmonitor.org]
[link to sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov]
[link to www.lmsal.com]
[link to www.swpc.noaa.gov]
[link to www.swpc.noaa.gov]
[link to www.lmsal.com]
[link to iswa.ccmc.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080]
[link to hirweb.nict.go.jp]
[link to www.swpc.noaa.gov]
[link to www.gdgps.net]
[link to www.swpc.noaa.gov]
[link to stereo.ssl.berkeley.edu]
[link to sidc.oma.be]
[link to helioviewer.org]

This is a basic guide that I tried to keep simple to understand.
Of course this gets much more complicated and there are many events in space that effect Earth.
If you wish to learn more, doing a simple search will turn out a wealth of information.


some good links provided by poster "aether
may assist visuals if you have not read before
Solar Magnetic Polarity Reversal
[link to www.thunderbolts.info]
Our Misunderstood Sun
[link to www.holoscience.com]

Last Edited by NiNzrez on 05/09/2012 02:28 PM
Solar Alerts Blog
[link to mysolaralerts.blogspot.com]

Join Me On The GLP SOLAR WATCH Thread
Thread: SOLAR WATCH * 312 M & 25 X FLARES starting 3-7-2011 (Updated Daily)
Thread: Magnetic Field Deficiency Syndrome- MAKING US SICK **MUST READ***

How long will you simple ones love your simple ways?
How long will mockers delight in mockery and fools hate knowledge?
Anonymous Coward
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02/21/2011 10:40 AM
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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
bump
TheOracle

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02/21/2011 10:44 AM

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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
Vote for Pin and bump
Kindness is in our power, even when fondness is not. --Samuel Johnson
bornofmaya

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02/21/2011 10:50 AM
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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
bump
"Laws arise, not from divinity, but reason. Our creed does not command us to be free; it commands us to be wise."
NiNzrez (OP)

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02/21/2011 11:09 AM

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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
bump
 Quoting: bornofmaya

Solar Alerts Blog
[link to mysolaralerts.blogspot.com]

Join Me On The GLP SOLAR WATCH Thread
Thread: SOLAR WATCH * 312 M & 25 X FLARES starting 3-7-2011 (Updated Daily)
Thread: Magnetic Field Deficiency Syndrome- MAKING US SICK **MUST READ***

How long will you simple ones love your simple ways?
How long will mockers delight in mockery and fools hate knowledge?
Anonymous Coward
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02/21/2011 11:12 AM
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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
Verry Good! Thank You.

bump
SunnyDaze

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02/21/2011 11:26 AM

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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
thank you... this may help to calm some of the alarmist who think every time the sun burps we are going to go black ... in a few hours ...


as for the Magnetosphere, I have seen the "animation" look a whole lot weirder even when the sun wasn't flaring ... some simple research , such as what you have done, keep it from becoming a freak out moment for these doomers ... who seem to love screaming "wolf".
Anonymous Coward
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02/21/2011 11:31 AM
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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
Guide On How To View and Understand The NICT Magnetosphere Readings

---

SIMPLE SUMMERY:
When the solar wind speed "V(km/s)" and the density "Dens.(p/cc)" get high, into the green and the Bz(nt) goes south, into the red area, This is when we get a geomagnetic storm.
The more extreme these are into these areas, the more extreme the storm
Photo Example:
[link to i.ytimg.com]


How to read some of the other basic data monitors:
[link to www.angelfire.com]

NOAA Space Weather Scale for Geomagnetic Storms:
[link to www.swpc.noaa.gov]

Here is a few good links to keep track of current solar events:
[link to spaceweather.com]
[link to solarcycle24.com]
[link to solarimg.org]
[link to www.swpc.noaa.gov]
[link to www.solarmonitor.org]
[link to sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov]
[link to www.lmsal.com]
[link to www.swpc.noaa.gov]
[link to www.swpc.noaa.gov]
[link to iswa.ccmc.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080]
[link to hirweb.nict.go.jp]
[link to www.swpc.noaa.gov]
[link to www.gdgps.net]
 Quoting: NiNzrez


Awesome - Thank You!!!!!!!
DoubleTap

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02/21/2011 11:32 AM

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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
Good post. thanks.
It's all an illusion.
fairflight

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02/21/2011 11:33 AM
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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
As always NiNzrez, great job!

Much appreciated!hf


bump
"Man was also in the beginning with God. Intelligence, or the light of truth, was not created or made, neither indeed can be. ALL truth is independent in that sphere in which God has placed it, to act for itself."
ScrumpTheTexan
-Controverter-

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02/21/2011 11:34 AM

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5*'s!
I am a Christian.

Christian does not equal doormat or pushover.

SickOfItAll

"I Have Sworn upon the Altar of God... Eternal Hostility against every form of Tyranny over the mind of man." -Thomas Jefferson, Sep. 23, 1800

MedinaD
For previous Newsletters, click 'Scrump's News Letters' @ [link to www.godlikeproductions.com]
Ragman (Rags)
Fuk it ........ Were doomed!!!!!!

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02/21/2011 11:36 AM

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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
very cool Post OP....very nice...... excellent information for those of us that have no clue...you rock!

peace
AZRainman

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02/21/2011 11:38 AM
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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
Excellent list and info NiNzrez!

Now we are all ready for more:

solardoom

GONG farside data had some decent spots on theback of the sun, and should be appearing in about 6 days.

[link to gong.nso.edu]

Last Edited by AZRainman on 02/21/2011 11:40 AM
Please visit: [link to www.azrainman.com]
Anonymous Coward
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02/21/2011 11:38 AM
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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
107 beached whales now dead.....

magnetosphere?
Dread Pirate Roberts

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02/21/2011 11:41 AM
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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
Thank you for taking the time to write/post this!
"From that time Jesus began to preach and say, "Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand." Matthew 4:17
Anonymous Coward
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02/21/2011 11:42 AM
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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
107 beached whales now dead.....

magnetosphere?
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 1213585


is it that difficult to add a link?

[link to www.dailymail.co.uk]
EchoM

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02/21/2011 11:43 AM
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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
Nice find! Thank you as this shall be added to my morning perusal...
Dreamon

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02/21/2011 11:44 AM
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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
Congratulations on your pin! hf
The Worlds "Nastiest" Stoic
Carol B.

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02/21/2011 11:45 AM

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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
Thank you!
aether

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02/21/2011 11:45 AM

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bump
NiNzrez (OP)

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02/21/2011 11:45 AM

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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
Thanks guys & gals hf

and if anyone sees something important that i missed, do let me know

Last Edited by NiNzrez on 02/21/2011 11:45 AM
Solar Alerts Blog
[link to mysolaralerts.blogspot.com]

Join Me On The GLP SOLAR WATCH Thread
Thread: SOLAR WATCH * 312 M & 25 X FLARES starting 3-7-2011 (Updated Daily)
Thread: Magnetic Field Deficiency Syndrome- MAKING US SICK **MUST READ***

How long will you simple ones love your simple ways?
How long will mockers delight in mockery and fools hate knowledge?
Anonymous Coward
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02/21/2011 11:46 AM
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Congratulations on the Pin. Good research and presentation. I have saved, for reference.
Anonymous Coward
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02/21/2011 11:50 AM
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thankyou!!!!!!!. I have intended to do this and have had no time, except I waste a lot of that time repeating myself in threads. I will book mark this thread and use it instead of doing all that repeating of myself!!!!!! We have had such a time here of the blind leading the blind, producing a huge amount of BLING.

BLING is my new word, for a typo I made of blind leading the blind. I liked that typo, and now the wrong "learning" of the blind leading the blind, is NOW BLING, which I will be using all over the place! We need to end BLING here on GLP!
Gratia Plena

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02/21/2011 11:54 AM
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Awesome. Thank you!
Anonymous Coward
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02/21/2011 11:58 AM
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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
ACtually one thing to look at regards solar wind spead, its not the amount of Energy so to speak. It's the actually SPEED or VELOCITY of the particles coming from the sun and varies according to rate of ejection AND intervening space conditions. But obviously a faster wind delivers more "energy".

As an example, a car traveling at 20 mph, if it runs into a tree, the damage is far less than a car running into a tree at 60 mph. Also to consider is the density of the car. A heavier car will suffer more damage than a light car, leaving out the factors of how the car is constructed of course. So in this a faster wind with also more particles, will have more effect on the pressure image! and thus on our magnetic field. and there are many factors involved with the magnetic field itself as to how it will react, besides speed and particles. Heat is one of those. Some storms have a much higher heat with them than others, plus other space conditions.
Anonymous Coward
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02/21/2011 12:05 PM
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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
Also a solar flare can come from a magnetic filament, and ditto produce a CME if the filament is ejected into space.

Another example of these forces regards what they can do besides the car hitting a tree, is if you throw a baseball at someone, it is hard, and weighs more than a tennis ball and will do more damage. Also if you throw the tennis ball harder and faster, it will do more damage, hit with a harder force than if you toss it.

As to WIND, if you are driving a car or walking into the WIND, which is nothing more than particles, moving fast, this wind will resist your movement, and if the wind is at your back, it helps you move. Some ejections from the sun are "tossed" and some are thrown hard. And they vary in size, (particles).

Now because of intervening space condition, these particles being tossed as a CME, can be helped along, pushed, or slowed down. This is why sometimes a huge CME tossed off the sun at a high rate of speed, straight at us, will have different effects different times.

the CME that accompanied the X 2.2 flare, that seemed huge, acted like a coronal hole, the mass even though it looked huge, space conditions absorbed some of that mass, the particles, mostly protons, and we didn't get that much of them. I was expecting for example, a proton effect of 40 to 50 and that did not happen, the mass that arrived was not as large as it appeared for a halo CME on Stereo A and B. Intervening space conditions is likely cause, but maybe the mass just was less dense in the first place. It was flung off pretty rapidly, and maybe that suggested to me that the mass coming was going to be larger.

Usually the earth directed CME will have a lot of protons initially, and then the wind speed rises. With a coronal hole, we get less mass, and the wind is the greater feature early into it, than with the CME. I haven't put a lot of time using the concept I know into figuring out the WHY on that, I am a busy person, but I have simply noticed this is generally true MOST of the time, and help tell the difference between the coronal hole energies and the CME energies. Like I said, this CME that was nearly the time of the huge X flare, looked more like a coronal hole. I believe we actually got the CME associated with the M 6.6 flare, much earlier than believed and it came in as part of the coronal hole we had back then. I could go to the AE index to get the date, but I am not going to do so today.
Anonymous Coward
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02/21/2011 12:11 PM
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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
You rock girlfriend!!rockon
NiNzrez (OP)

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02/21/2011 12:14 PM

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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
Also a solar flare can come from a magnetic filament, and ditto produce a CME if the filament is ejected into space.
 Quoting: Nobody in Particular


I just added a note about the magnetic filaments and coronal holes
Thanks for reminding me :)
Solar Alerts Blog
[link to mysolaralerts.blogspot.com]

Join Me On The GLP SOLAR WATCH Thread
Thread: SOLAR WATCH * 312 M & 25 X FLARES starting 3-7-2011 (Updated Daily)
Thread: Magnetic Field Deficiency Syndrome- MAKING US SICK **MUST READ***

How long will you simple ones love your simple ways?
How long will mockers delight in mockery and fools hate knowledge?
zacksavage
~~Unbound~~

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02/21/2011 12:17 PM

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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
Thank you NiNzrez. I found this extremely helpful and downright cool!!!

hf



Z
In time we hate that which we often fear.

--- William Shakespeare
Truther

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02/21/2011 12:22 PM

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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
Also a solar flare can come from a magnetic filament, and ditto produce a CME if the filament is ejected into space.
 Quoting: Nobody in Particular

@Nobody in Particular:
I see that your sig claims that money is the root of all evil. In fact, it is the LOVE OF MONEY which is the root of all evil. Money is nothing. It is the human that either gives money value or does evil with it.

Note to OP: My apologies for hijacking your post. You have done a fine job with this most valuable information. TY!!!

Have a nice day.

Truther :-)
...and the truth shall set you free.
hillcrest3

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02/21/2011 12:23 PM
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Re: NICT Magnetosphere Guide For Solar Watchers (service eneded)
thanks NiNzrez :)
Water always wins.

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