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Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)

 
fërú.
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03/31/2011 09:51 PM
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Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
Through this historical essay you will perhaps understand why marijuana is illegal, what were the interests behind this measure and why the school tried to inculcate (unsuccessfully) the idea that use of cannabis is bad.

Probably your are one of the thousands of people that we are still wondering the reason for the prohibition of marijuana. Irrespective of how ridiculous it is, if you look at objectively, that Government systems have auto-asignado the power to prohibit our interaction with a plant, the truth is that if we refer to the effects of cannabis on the physical and social healththe question becomes even more notable.

Why is it illegal to consume marijuana if multiple studies have confirmed that their effects are less harmful than tobacco consumption for the human organism, and its social consequences are significantly less negative than the consumption of alcohol? Why the cultivation of this plant is prohibited if this proved that can bring multiple benefits from a medical level, until the manufacturing of essential products such as paper, clothing, or even provide elements necessary for the construction and the gastronomy?


Then let's review some historical data that highlight the value that they gave to this plant societies prior to his ban. Most of these data, which correspond to United States and that this country was the main promoter of his ban worldwide, can verify through sources of knowledge traditionally legitimized as the Encyclopædia Britannica, which was indeed for 150 years printed on hemp paper:

-All the textbooks, in United States, were printed on hemp paper until 1830.

-The first maps, Bibles, and even the US Constitution were printed with paper from hemp.

-In some States the country was compulsory cultivation of cannabis in the 16 centuries and 17 due to the enormous benefits that this plant involved as raw.

-Hemp was essential for navigation for centuries because 90% of the strings that were used in this practice were made with this material.

-Prior to the introduction of the cotton in 1820, 80% of the clothes and fabrics were generally made from this plant.

-The first records of hemp cultivation dating from at least five thousand years ago in ancient China.

-The majority of the works of Rembrandt, Van Gogh, Monet, and many others, were painted on canvas made from hemp.

In 1916, the U.S. Department of agriculture predicted that by 1940 all books would be printed on hemp which would imply that they would not have to cut down more trees.

This confirmed that one hectare planted with hemp produces 4 times more paper than the same area planted with trees, and the extraction process requires from 4 to 7 times less effort in machinery which translates in turn into less pollution.

Some paints and varnishes of highest quality were made from the seeds of cannabis until 1930.

Henry Ford, founder of the shipping of cars of the same name, built his first car model using hemp as a main raw and was designed to operate with fuel also generated from this plant.

Criminalization

The criminalization of marijuana in United States had his first record in 1906, in the District of Columbia, with the first regulation on the cultivation of this plant. Later followed by Massachusetts (1911), New York (1914) and Maine (1914). While in 1913 California passed the first law of prohibition of marijuana and Wyoming (1915), Texas (1919), Iowa (1923), Nevada (1923), Oregon (1923), Washington (1923), Arkansas (1923), and Nebraska (1927) followed. Already in 1932, The Uniform State Narcotic Act was created to invite the Governments to join, without exception, to this national campaign by criminalizing or at least regulate the use of marijuana.

Four years later, in 1936, during the Convention for the Suppression of the Illicit Traffic in Dangerous Drugs carried out in Geneva, United States promoted to the rest of the world, through its Federal bureau of narcotics, a Treaty of criminalization of any activity relating to marijuana, coca, and opium (including their cultivation, production, manufacturing, and distribution) with the exception of medical and scientific contexts. Article 2 of this Convention urged all signatories to punish severely, in particular with penalties involving the deprivation of liberty, to any person involved with these illegal neo activities. However, many countries present refused to sign certain paragraphs of the Treaty and United States, leading proponent of the Convention, refused to sign claiming the weakness of the rest of the Nations especially in matters relating to extradition and confiscation of property linked to drug trafficking.

To analyze the history it can be perceived as a gesture quite rare, even schizophrenic, the transformation of American position on marijuana. United States suddenly went from living an idyllic romance with cannabis, to vigorously promote their prohibition, punishment, and quasi demonization. Undoubtedly there is a missing link that does not appear in the official history and that has to do with the pressure of the corporations (abstract and all-powerful entities that now control much of the planet and that already at the beginning of the 20th century began to establish itself as a force even more influential than the Government itself).

Corporations VS Cannabis

As we can see the cannabis is a flexible plant, multifaceted, and with different attributes. From this they can be generated from fuels and oils, to clothing and all kinds of fabrics, passing strings and, of course, role. However, precisely these benefits of the plant were that more incomodaban to the corporations that were frantically monetizing markets such as the supply of industrial paper, cotton, and hydrocarbons. Apparently, originally were mainly two corporations which turned completely to promote the prohibition of this plant: DuPont and the Hearst Company (owned by William Randolph Hearst who inspired the film Citizen Kane).

The banker Andrew Mellon, who became the Treasurer of the Government of President Hoover, was one of the major investors of DuPont, currently one of the largest corporations in the world and that in the period from 1920 to 1940 it was consolidating in the business of petrochemicals and polymers. For both branches of market cannabis was a serious threat because of this plant both natural fibers to reduce the consumption of nylon, one of the key outputs of DuPont in those years, as of vegetable fuel threatening its bid for the oil they could arise. In this sense DuPont was clear that one of the premises of its market strategy had to cancel the presence of hemp. Being Secretary of the Treasury Mellon he influenced to make his nephew Harry j. Anslinger was appointed in 1930 as the first Federal bureau of narcoticsCommissioner. And while lobbying against the cannabis was already little more than two decades the truth is that it was not until that Anslinger reached the FBN when the real war began.

On the other hand, the other industry that feel seriously threatened by the presence of hemp was trash. The Hearst Company controlled much of the production of paper and even was the main supplier of the paper products area of the multinational today Kimberly Clark. Hearst, a ruthless business man didn't realize, like DuPont, of the need to eliminate hemp on the market and along with other businessmen they pressured the Government, through the FBN to criminalizara completely the cultivation of this plant. Even Hearst, the legendary Tycoon of print media, made available to his army of newspapers to promote a cultural campaign against cannabis and as part of this initiative was adopted for the first time the name of marijuanaa Word with recordable, brief and precise Phonetics to designate this now diabolical plant (by the way a term which until then was only used in the popular slang of Mexico).

Another actor who played a key role in this process was already then consolidated the tobacco industry. At that time the American culture had already adopted integrally the daily consumption of cigarettes. However, the major tobacco companies had proven that tobacco consumption among people who smoked cannabis was lower than in those who consumed only your product. On the other hand this plant never smokers of put to an industrial market that it was relatively easy to cultivate caseramente and self-sufficient personal consumption without resorting to an industrial brand. On the contrary, the planting of tacabo was much more complex and required an extension of sufficient land to be cultivated and not only of a couple of pots. Taking into account this, and before the little commercial future that was perceived in the field of cannabis, the big tobacco companies not hesitated to support the crusade against marijuana.

Finally we cannot mention the always dark pharmaceutical industry, known as Big Pharma, and that aware of the medicinal properties that the marijuana provided to the population also her perceived as a threat to its commercial interests.You have confirmed multiple health benefits that contains cannabis, among them the fight against glaucoma, aiding the prevention of Alzheimer's disease, and reduce the pain of the syndrome menstrual pre among women, to mention but a few. Against all these evils the Big Pharma has developed synthetic drugs in many cases have proven less effective, or at least much more expensive to deal with marijuana. In fact this same position from drug refers to a current phenomenon with the campaign that seeks to return illegal the use of medicinal plants in Europe as a substitute for medications.


Although it has not been proven, it is said that Anslinger was meeting with some of the most powerful businessmen of the time, among them obviously representatives of tobacco companies, DuPont and the own W.R. Hearst, to agree a head-on war against marijuana and design a media campaign that printed the collective imagination with a new idea: marijuana is a harmful to health and to society, and its consumption, cultivation and distribution should be tenaciously disqualified, denounced, and persecuted.

One of the major crusades of media history manipulation was established then. Dozens of newspapers are telling in stress the "horrors" of marijuana and the population learned that this plant was responsible for live all kinds of negative events, from murders and car accidents, up to the loss of morale. The mainstream cinema also joined the campaign with Films like 'reefer madness' (1936), ' marijuana: Assassin of Youth' (1935) and ' marijuana: The Devil's Weed' (1936), all of which promote the demonization of marijuana and, although they did so in a way that today seems comical or highly cartoonIt is true that was a fairly efficient move to generate a deeply negative perception among the population. Basically the speech revolved around fairly rudimentary concepts but for the society of that time were more than enough: "a violent narcotic", "multi-destructivos effect", a "public enemy", etc.

Our days

Shortly after he took that mobilizing media in United States against cannabis would begin to impact the people of other countries. And this, together with the dominant political influence of USA in the international arena, has led to that eventually the vast majority of countries were adopting measures and similar speeches. Over time the anti-marihuana legislation was caseras is and tightening, to this day. Now, while it is already impossible to convince a person with primitive arguments that the smear campaign against the ganja was originally founded, the truth is that the legal framework has been tuned to interfere with the possibility of legalizing her and also propaganda has been "refined" but at no time has ceased (is enough to recall the) (past voting in California where even against all the odds did not legalize).

Propaganda to discredit the 19 proposal that came close to legalize marijuana in California (November 2010).

But also over time add a new character grim agendas behind the criminalization of marijuana: the enormous amount of money generated by drug trafficking. And without going so far as to consider some theories that assert that this market in the end is a monumental network of money-laundering orchestrated from institutions such as the CIA or the Vatican, the truth is that in a completely dump system to the marketwhere the useful or harmful nature of a social or environmental phenomenon is measured solely from a financial criterion, it is objectively obvious that the large market of drugs around the world in the end should not disturb the main promoters of this system: Governments, corporations, and religious institutions.

Historical x-rays around the criminalization and marijuana, as that just read, perhaps not contribute significantly is redesign legal stance on this plant, but at least if they favor the balance in the cultural perception that we have forged through what we are taught in schoolthe cynical anti-drug campaigns, and in mainstream films. And in any case, the next time that you questions how it is possible that marijuana is illegal, your question will not longer be unanswered.




  Enki was the real engineer of the human race. He was the Sumerian god of science, engineering, magic, strategy, music, and lovemaking
Kirk

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04/01/2011 12:25 AM

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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
like everything else in the US it is about money.
Worry is a misuse of the imagination.
Nine's

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04/01/2011 12:33 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
Big moneymaker for the government and they don't want you cutting into it. chuckle
Anonymous Coward
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04/01/2011 12:36 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
My whole family died of a marijuana overdose three times!
fërú. (OP)

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Mexico
04/01/2011 12:47 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
My whole family died of a marijuana overdose three times!
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 1318337


yep me to... but then I woke up
  Enki was the real engineer of the human race. He was the Sumerian god of science, engineering, magic, strategy, music, and lovemaking
Anonymous Coward
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04/01/2011 01:02 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
Through this historical essay you will perhaps understand why marijuana is illegal, what were the interests behind this measure and why the school tried to inculcate (unsuccessfully) the idea that use of cannabis is bad.

Probably your are one of the thousands of people that we are still wondering the reason for the prohibition of marijuana. Irrespective of how ridiculous it is, if you look at objectively, that Government systems have auto-asignado the power to prohibit our interaction with a plant, the truth is that if we refer to the effects of cannabis on the physical and social healththe question becomes even more notable.

Why is it illegal to consume marijuana if multiple studies have confirmed that their effects are less harmful than tobacco consumption for the human organism, and its social consequences are significantly less negative than the consumption of alcohol? Why the cultivation of this plant is prohibited if this proved that can bring multiple benefits from a medical level, until the manufacturing of essential products such as paper, clothing, or even provide elements necessary for the construction and the gastronomy?


Then let's review some historical data that highlight the value that they gave to this plant societies prior to his ban. Most of these data, which correspond to United States and that this country was the main promoter of his ban worldwide, can verify through sources of knowledge traditionally legitimized as the Encyclopædia Britannica, which was indeed for 150 years printed on hemp paper:

-All the textbooks, in United States, were printed on hemp paper until 1830.

-The first maps, Bibles, and even the US Constitution were printed with paper from hemp.

-In some States the country was compulsory cultivation of cannabis in the 16 centuries and 17 due to the enormous benefits that this plant involved as raw.

-Hemp was essential for navigation for centuries because 90% of the strings that were used in this practice were made with this material.

-Prior to the introduction of the cotton in 1820, 80% of the clothes and fabrics were generally made from this plant.

-The first records of hemp cultivation dating from at least five thousand years ago in ancient China.

-The majority of the works of Rembrandt, Van Gogh, Monet, and many others, were painted on canvas made from hemp.

In 1916, the U.S. Department of agriculture predicted that by 1940 all books would be printed on hemp which would imply that they would not have to cut down more trees.

This confirmed that one hectare planted with hemp produces 4 times more paper than the same area planted with trees, and the extraction process requires from 4 to 7 times less effort in machinery which translates in turn into less pollution.

Some paints and varnishes of highest quality were made from the seeds of cannabis until 1930.

Henry Ford, founder of the shipping of cars of the same name, built his first car model using hemp as a main raw and was designed to operate with fuel also generated from this plant.

Criminalization

The criminalization of marijuana in United States had his first record in 1906, in the District of Columbia, with the first regulation on the cultivation of this plant. Later followed by Massachusetts (1911), New York (1914) and Maine (1914). While in 1913 California passed the first law of prohibition of marijuana and Wyoming (1915), Texas (1919), Iowa (1923), Nevada (1923), Oregon (1923), Washington (1923), Arkansas (1923), and Nebraska (1927) followed. Already in 1932, The Uniform State Narcotic Act was created to invite the Governments to join, without exception, to this national campaign by criminalizing or at least regulate the use of marijuana.

Four years later, in 1936, during the Convention for the Suppression of the Illicit Traffic in Dangerous Drugs carried out in Geneva, United States promoted to the rest of the world, through its Federal bureau of narcotics, a Treaty of criminalization of any activity relating to marijuana, coca, and opium (including their cultivation, production, manufacturing, and distribution) with the exception of medical and scientific contexts. Article 2 of this Convention urged all signatories to punish severely, in particular with penalties involving the deprivation of liberty, to any person involved with these illegal neo activities. However, many countries present refused to sign certain paragraphs of the Treaty and United States, leading proponent of the Convention, refused to sign claiming the weakness of the rest of the Nations especially in matters relating to extradition and confiscation of property linked to drug trafficking.

To analyze the history it can be perceived as a gesture quite rare, even schizophrenic, the transformation of American position on marijuana. United States suddenly went from living an idyllic romance with cannabis, to vigorously promote their prohibition, punishment, and quasi demonization. Undoubtedly there is a missing link that does not appear in the official history and that has to do with the pressure of the corporations (abstract and all-powerful entities that now control much of the planet and that already at the beginning of the 20th century began to establish itself as a force even more influential than the Government itself).

Corporations VS Cannabis

As we can see the cannabis is a flexible plant, multifaceted, and with different attributes. From this they can be generated from fuels and oils, to clothing and all kinds of fabrics, passing strings and, of course, role. However, precisely these benefits of the plant were that more incomodaban to the corporations that were frantically monetizing markets such as the supply of industrial paper, cotton, and hydrocarbons. Apparently, originally were mainly two corporations which turned completely to promote the prohibition of this plant: DuPont and the Hearst Company (owned by William Randolph Hearst who inspired the film Citizen Kane).

The banker Andrew Mellon, who became the Treasurer of the Government of President Hoover, was one of the major investors of DuPont, currently one of the largest corporations in the world and that in the period from 1920 to 1940 it was consolidating in the business of petrochemicals and polymers. For both branches of market cannabis was a serious threat because of this plant both natural fibers to reduce the consumption of nylon, one of the key outputs of DuPont in those years, as of vegetable fuel threatening its bid for the oil they could arise. In this sense DuPont was clear that one of the premises of its market strategy had to cancel the presence of hemp. Being Secretary of the Treasury Mellon he influenced to make his nephew Harry j. Anslinger was appointed in 1930 as the first Federal bureau of narcoticsCommissioner. And while lobbying against the cannabis was already little more than two decades the truth is that it was not until that Anslinger reached the FBN when the real war began.

On the other hand, the other industry that feel seriously threatened by the presence of hemp was trash. The Hearst Company controlled much of the production of paper and even was the main supplier of the paper products area of the multinational today Kimberly Clark. Hearst, a ruthless business man didn't realize, like DuPont, of the need to eliminate hemp on the market and along with other businessmen they pressured the Government, through the FBN to criminalizara completely the cultivation of this plant. Even Hearst, the legendary Tycoon of print media, made available to his army of newspapers to promote a cultural campaign against cannabis and as part of this initiative was adopted for the first time the name of marijuanaa Word with recordable, brief and precise Phonetics to designate this now diabolical plant (by the way a term which until then was only used in the popular slang of Mexico).

Another actor who played a key role in this process was already then consolidated the tobacco industry. At that time the American culture had already adopted integrally the daily consumption of cigarettes. However, the major tobacco companies had proven that tobacco consumption among people who smoked cannabis was lower than in those who consumed only your product. On the other hand this plant never smokers of put to an industrial market that it was relatively easy to cultivate caseramente and self-sufficient personal consumption without resorting to an industrial brand. On the contrary, the planting of tacabo was much more complex and required an extension of sufficient land to be cultivated and not only of a couple of pots. Taking into account this, and before the little commercial future that was perceived in the field of cannabis, the big tobacco companies not hesitated to support the crusade against marijuana.

Finally we cannot mention the always dark pharmaceutical industry, known as Big Pharma, and that aware of the medicinal properties that the marijuana provided to the population also her perceived as a threat to its commercial interests.You have confirmed multiple health benefits that contains cannabis, among them the fight against glaucoma, aiding the prevention of Alzheimer's disease, and reduce the pain of the syndrome menstrual pre among women, to mention but a few. Against all these evils the Big Pharma has developed synthetic drugs in many cases have proven less effective, or at least much more expensive to deal with marijuana. In fact this same position from drug refers to a current phenomenon with the campaign that seeks to return illegal the use of medicinal plants in Europe as a substitute for medications.


Although it has not been proven, it is said that Anslinger was meeting with some of the most powerful businessmen of the time, among them obviously representatives of tobacco companies, DuPont and the own W.R. Hearst, to agree a head-on war against marijuana and design a media campaign that printed the collective imagination with a new idea: marijuana is a harmful to health and to society, and its consumption, cultivation and distribution should be tenaciously disqualified, denounced, and persecuted.

One of the major crusades of media history manipulation was established then. Dozens of newspapers are telling in stress the "horrors" of marijuana and the population learned that this plant was responsible for live all kinds of negative events, from murders and car accidents, up to the loss of morale. The mainstream cinema also joined the campaign with Films like 'reefer madness' (1936), ' marijuana: Assassin of Youth' (1935) and ' marijuana: The Devil's Weed' (1936), all of which promote the demonization of marijuana and, although they did so in a way that today seems comical or highly cartoonIt is true that was a fairly efficient move to generate a deeply negative perception among the population. Basically the speech revolved around fairly rudimentary concepts but for the society of that time were more than enough: "a violent narcotic", "multi-destructivos effect", a "public enemy", etc.

Our days

Shortly after he took that mobilizing media in United States against cannabis would begin to impact the people of other countries. And this, together with the dominant political influence of USA in the international arena, has led to that eventually the vast majority of countries were adopting measures and similar speeches. Over time the anti-marihuana legislation was caseras is and tightening, to this day. Now, while it is already impossible to convince a person with primitive arguments that the smear campaign against the ganja was originally founded, the truth is that the legal framework has been tuned to interfere with the possibility of legalizing her and also propaganda has been "refined" but at no time has ceased (is enough to recall the) (past voting in California where even against all the odds did not legalize).

Propaganda to discredit the 19 proposal that came close to legalize marijuana in California (November 2010).

But also over time add a new character grim agendas behind the criminalization of marijuana: the enormous amount of money generated by drug trafficking. And without going so far as to consider some theories that assert that this market in the end is a monumental network of money-laundering orchestrated from institutions such as the CIA or the Vatican, the truth is that in a completely dump system to the marketwhere the useful or harmful nature of a social or environmental phenomenon is measured solely from a financial criterion, it is objectively obvious that the large market of drugs around the world in the end should not disturb the main promoters of this system: Governments, corporations, and religious institutions.

Historical x-rays around the criminalization and marijuana, as that just read, perhaps not contribute significantly is redesign legal stance on this plant, but at least if they favor the balance in the cultural perception that we have forged through what we are taught in schoolthe cynical anti-drug campaigns, and in mainstream films. And in any case, the next time that you questions how it is possible that marijuana is illegal, your question will not longer be unanswered.




 Quoting: fërú.


Great essay had to save it to my pc. Glad to see you're a fellow pothead stoner
RadiatedHighness

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United States
04/01/2011 01:03 AM

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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
My whole family died of a marijuana overdose three times!
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 1318337


cruise
VulpesInculta (PTM)

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United States
04/01/2011 01:06 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
I honestly believe that the US should go the way of decriminalizing all "illicit" substances (ie Portugal) . Laws will never prevent someone from acquiring them no matter how harsh the punishments.

That being said I know a certain person that is going to be rolling on some molly tomorrow and over spring break is going to be blasting through hyperspace on DMT.
Always in a moment of extreme danger things can be done which had previously been thought impossible.
- Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
Anonymous Coward
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United States
04/01/2011 01:11 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
The Shadow of the Swastika...

Enjoy the read:

[link to www.hempfarm.org]

Shalom,

Eliyah
Ziky

User ID: 1283036
Canada
04/01/2011 01:34 AM

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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
Marijuana cures some symptoms that pharmaceutical drugs do. This cuts into the Governements hugh profits from the pharmaceutical drugs. Thats one of the main reasons I think.
Anonymous Coward
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United States
04/01/2011 01:37 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
My whole family died of a marijuana overdose three times!
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 1318337


yep me to... but then I woke up
 Quoting: fërú.


NEWS FLASH...U CAN LEGALLY HAVE 7 GRAMS IN MEXICO..DDUUH,
Anonymous Coward
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United States
04/01/2011 01:38 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
Marijuana cures some symptoms that pharmaceutical drugs do. This cuts into the Governements hugh profits from the pharmaceutical drugs. Thats one of the main reasons I think.
 Quoting: Ziky


Run from the CURE...

[link to topdocumentaryfilms.com]
Tantalus

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United States
04/01/2011 02:15 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
The Paper and Lumber Industries lobbied to make cannabis illegal.


What it takes 4 acres of trees 30 seasons to produce in paper, 1 acre of hemp can produce in 1 season. The paper industry was not willing to abandon the millions upon millions of acres of trees they had invested in, so they lobbied to make it illegal with a humongous slander campaign.

And thats just one industry that the cannabis plant would dominate.

Hemp oil is clean burning and completely renuable, and can burn in most diesel engines. Did you get that, a COMPLETELY RENUABLE CLEAN BURNING OIL!!! OIL YOU CAN GROW!!

It is the strongest naturally occouring fiber on the planet. It can be used to make textiles for clothes and cables or rope.

It is truly a miracle plant. It is the most diverse completely renuable natural resource on the planet, hands down.
"Those who would sacrifice freedom for security deserve neither"
--Benjamin Franlkin

No one ever said freedom was safe. Upon true understanding of the concepts of freedom, you shall realize that freedom is the most dangerous choice of lifestyle. There are no guarantees in freedom but those one provides for themselves, at their own will. True freedom comes with extreme personal risk. Are you willing to take the risk?

Thread: No One Ever Said Freedom Was Safe - A Short Thesis on Gun Control

------------------------
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Anonymous Coward
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Australia
04/01/2011 02:30 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
its different everywhere, here, in NSW it became illegal to grow in 1972 as calabrisian mafia in giffith were growing it on masse and exporting it to america and hawking it to american soldiers, who were willing to pay for it.

the locals growing fruit complained about the mafias tactics and their getting rich and it was made illegal to grow, pushing the prce to $200 a pound in 1972 and since then its gone up every year and sits at about $1800lb today.

pre 1972, if you were found growing or in posession of a large amount, they thought you were mad, and sometimes put you in a nuthouse.

you can grow thc free hemp here with a licence.

act and sa you can grow a few plants before its illegal and carry round an ounce.
Anonymous Coward
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South Africa
04/01/2011 02:38 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
Anyone watched "The Union" ? very good!
Anonymous Coward
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Spain
04/01/2011 02:40 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
stoner
Bugsy Moran

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04/01/2011 02:42 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
COTTON, cotton is one of the big reasons it's illegal.
fërú. (OP)

User ID: 1322535
Mexico
04/01/2011 02:48 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
My whole family died of a marijuana overdose three times!
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 1318337


yep me to... but then I woke up
 Quoting: fërú.


NEWS FLASH...U CAN LEGALLY HAVE 7 GRAMS IN MEXICO..DDUUH,
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 1287579


man I live in Mexico and this is a lie... still illegal here...
come and try to get your 7 grams with out problem.

although Mexico city is a little bit open and my neighbors don't bother me I don't even dare to smoke in the street ...
I see some nasty detentions of young guys around here... there is a high school close to my home.
  Enki was the real engineer of the human race. He was the Sumerian god of science, engineering, magic, strategy, music, and lovemaking
Anonymous Coward
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04/01/2011 03:32 AM
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Thread: Shuld marijuana be legal? Poll
TheBlackVegetable
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Slovenia
04/01/2011 03:37 AM
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I've always felt something stinks toungein the story of MJ being illegal, while at the same time you can puff away on tobacco like a factory chimney and drink alco till your liver is begging for mercy. Now I understand. Reefer madness my ass!

Great essay! Gracias, amigo!grouphug

Puff the magic dragon, teeheehee stoner
fërú. (OP)

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Mexico
04/01/2011 03:38 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 206019


I vote yes several times already


anyway here ... [link to www.microsofttranslator.com]

Federal Government of United States desclasifica 8,000 documents in response to the public information act in which details how the CIA funded drug trafficking in Latin America and Afghanistan.

Although for many the news that the CIA involved in drug trafficking networks is not news, the truth is that it remains relevant confirmation of this "theory" through official documents. Forced through the public information Act, the federal Government of United States declassified a file with more than eight thousand documents which listed, among other things, the involvement of the CIA drug trafficking organizations. The relationship of the Central Intelligence Agency and the drug trafficking began in the 1970s (or perhaps started before but by then was already consolidated) and it was stepping up until the 1990s, decade in which supposedly stopped these actions (will have to wait to 2030 to learn of that in 2010 continued with their practical sombrias).

One of the specific operations that the CIA supported drug trafficking was in the 1980s in Afghanistan. During the cold war, American and Soviet saw the invasion of the latter to Afghanistan. Then we see that the CIA used at least 2,000 million dollars to fund the Afghan resistance through local drug cartels that were mainly dedicated to the cultivation of poppy and marijuana and controlled, as so far, the world heroin market. Interestingly these same rebels are those that we know today as members of the Taliban and those who United States simulates combat fervently, main argument to justify the US invasion to Afghan lands.

But not only in Afghanistan became the CIA ties with drug traffickers, same thing happened in Latin America where the American Intelligence Agency appealed to organizations involved in drug trafficking to finance movements of destabilization against Latin American Governments that not accessed to align itself with the U.S. agenda. "On the American stage, the drug money came from the Southern Cone and became legitimate money on Wall Street." "In the Latin American scene, this same money, laundered once, returned to the region in the form of funds for paramilitarism", says the former federal agent Michael Ruppert. On the other hand the CIA was also linked to drug trafficking to delegitimize social movements within the United States porpio and organizations avocadas the struggle for civil rights and the population, or groups with ideologies which threatened the hegemony psicocultural promoted by the Government with the help of the mainstream media.


And taking into account this context drew attention as the epic crusade labeled as "the fight against drugs", initiated by Ronald Raegan and fed by the subsequent American leaders actually policy could be a spectacular farce with a clear hidden agenda behind: financial and geopolitical capital taking advantage of the phenomenon of drug trafficking. Never ceases to be curious as to more than three decades and initiated the famous fight against narcotics trafficking the statistical results were suspiciously deplorable: never in history had used so many drugs as it is today and the profitability of this business today is by far the largest in history. The level of cocaine use rose in United States of 80 metric tons in 1979 to 600 metric tons in 1987, something which, according to Ruppert, the CIA knew would happen. The reason why the CIA selling drugs, according to the same former agent, is to support the economy of United States, something that may be related to the evidence that there are banks like Wells Fargo washing money from the drug. Curiously the founders and subsequent directors of the CIA have strong ties with Wall Street.

The Commission of Jurists to the publication of reports on the drug trade estimated that sums of money, derived from activities related to drug trafficking are washed in United States, they exceed 100,000 million dollars (a fairly conservative estimate because there are updates to ensure that this amount is at least 600 thousand million dollars). While reports of this same entity they claim the American financial elite, as well as in general that of Latin America, benefiting indirectly but noticeably, the monumental business generated by the traffic of narcotics. And taking into account that Wall street, Hollywood, big banks, the majority of Governments, and even the upper classes, ultimately profit from this phenomenon, we believe that there is someone, within the sphere of powerdo, you genuinely want to end this practice? And beyond is the CIA the largest cartel of drug in the world?
  Enki was the real engineer of the human race. He was the Sumerian god of science, engineering, magic, strategy, music, and lovemaking
Anonymous Coward
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
Why is Kratom illegal in it's native Thailand? It lowers BP and blood sugar. Can't have people being healthy...
Anonymous Coward
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
Through this historical essay you will perhaps understand why marijuana is illegal, what were the interests behind this measure and why the school tried to inculcate (unsuccessfully) the idea that use of cannabis is bad.

Probably your are one of the thousands of people that we are still wondering the reason for the prohibition of marijuana. Irrespective of how ridiculous it is, if you look at objectively, that Government systems have auto-asignado the power to prohibit our interaction with a plant, the truth is that if we refer to the effects of cannabis on the physical and social healththe question becomes even more notable.

Why is it illegal to consume marijuana if multiple studies have confirmed that their effects are less harmful than tobacco consumption for the human organism, and its social consequences are significantly less negative than the consumption of alcohol? Why the cultivation of this plant is prohibited if this proved that can bring multiple benefits from a medical level, until the manufacturing of essential products such as paper, clothing, or even provide elements necessary for the construction and the gastronomy?


Then let's review some historical data that highlight the value that they gave to this plant societies prior to his ban. Most of these data, which correspond to United States and that this country was the main promoter of his ban worldwide, can verify through sources of knowledge traditionally legitimized as the Encyclopædia Britannica, which was indeed for 150 years printed on hemp paper:

-All the textbooks, in United States, were printed on hemp paper until 1830.

-The first maps, Bibles, and even the US Constitution were printed with paper from hemp.

-In some States the country was compulsory cultivation of cannabis in the 16 centuries and 17 due to the enormous benefits that this plant involved as raw.

-Hemp was essential for navigation for centuries because 90% of the strings that were used in this practice were made with this material.

-Prior to the introduction of the cotton in 1820, 80% of the clothes and fabrics were generally made from this plant.

-The first records of hemp cultivation dating from at least five thousand years ago in ancient China.

-The majority of the works of Rembrandt, Van Gogh, Monet, and many others, were painted on canvas made from hemp.

In 1916, the U.S. Department of agriculture predicted that by 1940 all books would be printed on hemp which would imply that they would not have to cut down more trees.

This confirmed that one hectare planted with hemp produces 4 times more paper than the same area planted with trees, and the extraction process requires from 4 to 7 times less effort in machinery which translates in turn into less pollution.

Some paints and varnishes of highest quality were made from the seeds of cannabis until 1930.

Henry Ford, founder of the shipping of cars of the same name, built his first car model using hemp as a main raw and was designed to operate with fuel also generated from this plant.

Criminalization

The criminalization of marijuana in United States had his first record in 1906, in the District of Columbia, with the first regulation on the cultivation of this plant. Later followed by Massachusetts (1911), New York (1914) and Maine (1914). While in 1913 California passed the first law of prohibition of marijuana and Wyoming (1915), Texas (1919), Iowa (1923), Nevada (1923), Oregon (1923), Washington (1923), Arkansas (1923), and Nebraska (1927) followed. Already in 1932, The Uniform State Narcotic Act was created to invite the Governments to join, without exception, to this national campaign by criminalizing or at least regulate the use of marijuana.

Four years later, in 1936, during the Convention for the Suppression of the Illicit Traffic in Dangerous Drugs carried out in Geneva, United States promoted to the rest of the world, through its Federal bureau of narcotics, a Treaty of criminalization of any activity relating to marijuana, coca, and opium (including their cultivation, production, manufacturing, and distribution) with the exception of medical and scientific contexts. Article 2 of this Convention urged all signatories to punish severely, in particular with penalties involving the deprivation of liberty, to any person involved with these illegal neo activities. However, many countries present refused to sign certain paragraphs of the Treaty and United States, leading proponent of the Convention, refused to sign claiming the weakness of the rest of the Nations especially in matters relating to extradition and confiscation of property linked to drug trafficking.

To analyze the history it can be perceived as a gesture quite rare, even schizophrenic, the transformation of American position on marijuana. United States suddenly went from living an idyllic romance with cannabis, to vigorously promote their prohibition, punishment, and quasi demonization. Undoubtedly there is a missing link that does not appear in the official history and that has to do with the pressure of the corporations (abstract and all-powerful entities that now control much of the planet and that already at the beginning of the 20th century began to establish itself as a force even more influential than the Government itself).

Corporations VS Cannabis

As we can see the cannabis is a flexible plant, multifaceted, and with different attributes. From this they can be generated from fuels and oils, to clothing and all kinds of fabrics, passing strings and, of course, role. However, precisely these benefits of the plant were that more incomodaban to the corporations that were frantically monetizing markets such as the supply of industrial paper, cotton, and hydrocarbons. Apparently, originally were mainly two corporations which turned completely to promote the prohibition of this plant: DuPont and the Hearst Company (owned by William Randolph Hearst who inspired the film Citizen Kane).

The banker Andrew Mellon, who became the Treasurer of the Government of President Hoover, was one of the major investors of DuPont, currently one of the largest corporations in the world and that in the period from 1920 to 1940 it was consolidating in the business of petrochemicals and polymers. For both branches of market cannabis was a serious threat because of this plant both natural fibers to reduce the consumption of nylon, one of the key outputs of DuPont in those years, as of vegetable fuel threatening its bid for the oil they could arise. In this sense DuPont was clear that one of the premises of its market strategy had to cancel the presence of hemp. Being Secretary of the Treasury Mellon he influenced to make his nephew Harry j. Anslinger was appointed in 1930 as the first Federal bureau of narcoticsCommissioner. And while lobbying against the cannabis was already little more than two decades the truth is that it was not until that Anslinger reached the FBN when the real war began.

On the other hand, the other industry that feel seriously threatened by the presence of hemp was trash. The Hearst Company controlled much of the production of paper and even was the main supplier of the paper products area of the multinational today Kimberly Clark. Hearst, a ruthless business man didn't realize, like DuPont, of the need to eliminate hemp on the market and along with other businessmen they pressured the Government, through the FBN to criminalizara completely the cultivation of this plant. Even Hearst, the legendary Tycoon of print media, made available to his army of newspapers to promote a cultural campaign against cannabis and as part of this initiative was adopted for the first time the name of marijuanaa Word with recordable, brief and precise Phonetics to designate this now diabolical plant (by the way a term which until then was only used in the popular slang of Mexico).

Another actor who played a key role in this process was already then consolidated the tobacco industry. At that time the American culture had already adopted integrally the daily consumption of cigarettes. However, the major tobacco companies had proven that tobacco consumption among people who smoked cannabis was lower than in those who consumed only your product. On the other hand this plant never smokers of put to an industrial market that it was relatively easy to cultivate caseramente and self-sufficient personal consumption without resorting to an industrial brand. On the contrary, the planting of tacabo was much more complex and required an extension of sufficient land to be cultivated and not only of a couple of pots. Taking into account this, and before the little commercial future that was perceived in the field of cannabis, the big tobacco companies not hesitated to support the crusade against marijuana.

Finally we cannot mention the always dark pharmaceutical industry, known as Big Pharma, and that aware of the medicinal properties that the marijuana provided to the population also her perceived as a threat to its commercial interests.You have confirmed multiple health benefits that contains cannabis, among them the fight against glaucoma, aiding the prevention of Alzheimer's disease, and reduce the pain of the syndrome menstrual pre among women, to mention but a few. Against all these evils the Big Pharma has developed synthetic drugs in many cases have proven less effective, or at least much more expensive to deal with marijuana. In fact this same position from drug refers to a current phenomenon with the campaign that seeks to return illegal the use of medicinal plants in Europe as a substitute for medications.


Although it has not been proven, it is said that Anslinger was meeting with some of the most powerful businessmen of the time, among them obviously representatives of tobacco companies, DuPont and the own W.R. Hearst, to agree a head-on war against marijuana and design a media campaign that printed the collective imagination with a new idea: marijuana is a harmful to health and to society, and its consumption, cultivation and distribution should be tenaciously disqualified, denounced, and persecuted.

One of the major crusades of media history manipulation was established then. Dozens of newspapers are telling in stress the "horrors" of marijuana and the population learned that this plant was responsible for live all kinds of negative events, from murders and car accidents, up to the loss of morale. The mainstream cinema also joined the campaign with Films like 'reefer madness' (1936), ' marijuana: Assassin of Youth' (1935) and ' marijuana: The Devil's Weed' (1936), all of which promote the demonization of marijuana and, although they did so in a way that today seems comical or highly cartoonIt is true that was a fairly efficient move to generate a deeply negative perception among the population. Basically the speech revolved around fairly rudimentary concepts but for the society of that time were more than enough: "a violent narcotic", "multi-destructivos effect", a "public enemy", etc.

Our days

Shortly after he took that mobilizing media in United States against cannabis would begin to impact the people of other countries. And this, together with the dominant political influence of USA in the international arena, has led to that eventually the vast majority of countries were adopting measures and similar speeches. Over time the anti-marihuana legislation was caseras is and tightening, to this day. Now, while it is already impossible to convince a person with primitive arguments that the smear campaign against the ganja was originally founded, the truth is that the legal framework has been tuned to interfere with the possibility of legalizing her and also propaganda has been "refined" but at no time has ceased (is enough to recall the) (past voting in California where even against all the odds did not legalize).

Propaganda to discredit the 19 proposal that came close to legalize marijuana in California (November 2010).

But also over time add a new character grim agendas behind the criminalization of marijuana: the enormous amount of money generated by drug trafficking. And without going so far as to consider some theories that assert that this market in the end is a monumental network of money-laundering orchestrated from institutions such as the CIA or the Vatican, the truth is that in a completely dump system to the marketwhere the useful or harmful nature of a social or environmental phenomenon is measured solely from a financial criterion, it is objectively obvious that the large market of drugs around the world in the end should not disturb the main promoters of this system: Governments, corporations, and religious institutions.

Historical x-rays around the criminalization and marijuana, as that just read, perhaps not contribute significantly is redesign legal stance on this plant, but at least if they favor the balance in the cultural perception that we have forged through what we are taught in schoolthe cynical anti-drug campaigns, and in mainstream films. And in any case, the next time that you questions how it is possible that marijuana is illegal, your question will not longer be unanswered.




 Quoting: fërú.


Legal...Illegal...Doesn't stop me. Laws get their power from the blind submission and acceptance of the governed.
miserkocho

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04/01/2011 03:40 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
do u really want to buy your weed from monsanto???grow ur own,u dont need permission from no1.
searching for intelligent life in all its forms without judgement.
fërú. (OP)

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04/01/2011 03:45 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
do u really want to buy your weed from monsanto???grow ur own,u dont need permission from no1.
 Quoting: miserkocho


need good seed... they ones I plant are not strong enough...
  Enki was the real engineer of the human race. He was the Sumerian god of science, engineering, magic, strategy, music, and lovemaking
Anonymous Coward
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04/01/2011 03:51 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
some people who smoke become religiously paranoid so much they become more compliant with religion
YoU~€iT¥ <aka> abe

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04/01/2011 04:14 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
Cannabis comes from Sirius
I couldn’t figure out whether the mushroom is the alien or the mushroom is some kind of technological artifact allowing me to hear the alien when the alien is actually light-years away, using some kind of Bell nonlocality principle to communicate. The mushroom states its own position very clearly. It says, ‘I require the nervous system of a mammal. Do you have one handy?’- Terence McKena
SkyZ

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04/01/2011 04:22 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
bonghit
Fuck your gunfights all i need is one mic and crowd time and i could outshine the sunlight on Cloud9!
Accidental Stoner
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04/01/2011 04:30 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
Good job, fërú!


And - again - by the same token, the cannabis prohibition
is an outstanding Thinking Machine, whereby anyone, by raw,
incorruptible and direct

first hand observation
of causality-bound fact


can find out that the government is not necessarily your friend
and that Big Brother is lying.

Wish more people would use it.

Sweet, isn't it:
The Slavemasters themselves sowing the seeds of rebellion :)
Jives well with the overall pattern, no..?



Peace.


stoner
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04/01/2011 04:31 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
The reason the sole reason Marijuana is illegal is because of DuPont Chemicals and that is the only reason.
Anonymous Coward
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04/01/2011 04:37 AM
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Re: Why is marijuana illegal? (History of the criminalization of a plant)
My whole family died of a marijuana overdose three times!
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 1318337


i died 7 times smoking weed and have been raised from the dead 7 times.

Praise Jesus for showing me the way.