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The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !

 
Luisport

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07/15/2013 10:17 AM

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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
Anonymous Coward
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07/15/2013 03:05 PM
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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !

 Quoting: Luisport


[link to www.igepn.edu.ec]
Google translation
...According to reports received from the National Secretariat for Risk Management (SNGR) volcano watchers volunteers, staff and community IGEPN (especially social networking) ashfall was recorded associated with the activity of the volcano Tungurahua in the provinces of Tungurahua, Chimborazo, Bolivar, Los Rios, Manabi and Guayas.

The explosion of 06:47 (local time) and emission tremor that lasted until 08:40 (local time) today, July 14, column generated a high emission of ash falling rubble caused (fragments of slag) of 5 Chacauco centimeter diameter and 4 cm in diameter in Bilbao. Meanwhile Huambaló sector was affected by falling rubble black and pink color. Were affected by a major ashfall thick black Bilbao sectors, Chacauco, Cahuají, Choglontus, El Manzano, Puela, Penipe Shrine Sabañag, Hualcanga, Quero and Mocha. According to the report of the Tungurahua SNGR, Cotaló was affected by mild to moderate drop of thick ash and small gravel.

The Canton Ambato was affected with a thin layer of coarse ash black. In this county were affected the central and southern part of the city, Quisapincha, Raisin, San Fernando and Pilahuín. Other sectors affected with ash medium to fine, black, were Pelileo, Cevallos, Riobamba, Penipe, Guano, Colt, Guanujo, Guaranda, Echeandía and various sectors of the provinces of Los Rios, Manabi and Guayas, including Quevedo , Porto Viejo, Buena Fe, Valencia, Quinsaloma, Mocache and The Junction.

To date and according to a field inspection by staff IGEPN it was found that the pyroclastic flows generated in the morning down through ravines of Achupasahal and Juive Grande, leaving their deposits a few meters from the road Bathrooms Penipe ...
Anonymous Coward
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07/15/2013 03:21 PM
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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
[link to storify.com]
...The explosion was captured in its early stages from a few different perspectives:
[link to i.embed.ly]

My favourite...:
[link to i.embed.ly]

As the ash column went upwards, it was visible from places as far as Ambato and Quito:
[link to i.embed.ly]

The explosion and events that followed generated some large pyroclastic flows, which appear to have been the largest since the 2006 eruption. Here are some pictures of flows in the Achupashal cebrada:
[link to i.embed.ly]

Normally early in the morning, the children from local villages have to cross this channel (and others) to get to school in Baños. Good job that the explosion was on a Sunday. Doesn't stop them from warming their feet in what looks like ash (can't tell if it is surge) deposits on the sides of the valley:
[link to i.embed.ly]

Apparently this woman has picked up a hot rock, although I don't know if this eruption produced pyroclastic flows containing this particular type of textured block @paulcole23 will know better...:
[link to i.embed.ly]

Nevertheless...after events like these, tourists and locals often flock to see the impacts...perhaps unaware of the chance of new eruptive events.
The last photo is just spectacular....:
[link to i.embed.ly]
Anonymous Coward
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07/15/2013 03:27 PM
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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
after explosion of Tungurahua

Wilmer Merino
Piroclastic flow in Juive Grande ! you need see it:
[link to pbs.twimg.com (secure)]
Anonymous Coward
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07/15/2013 04:04 PM
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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
[link to onlinelibrary.wiley.com]
Turbidite record of frequency and source of large volume (>100 km3) Canary Island landslides in the last 1.5 Ma: Implications for landslide triggers and geohazards

During the last two decades, numerous studies have focused on resolving the landslide histories of the Canary Islands. Issues surrounding the preservation and dating of onshore and proximal submarine landslide deposits precludes accurate determination of event ages. However, submarine landslides often disaggregate and generate sediment gravity flows. Volcaniclastic turbidites sampled from Madeira Abyssal Plain piston cores represent a record of eight large-volume failures from the Western Canary Islands in the last 1.5 Ma. During this time, there is a mean recurrence rate of 200 ka, while the islands of El Hierro and Tenerife have individual landslide recurrences of 500 ka and 330 ka, respectively. Deposits from the 15 ka El Golfo landslide from El Hierro and 165 ka Icod landslide from Tenerife are examined. This study also identifies potential deposits associated with the Orotava (535 ka), Güímar (850 ka), and Rogues de García landslides (1.2 Ma) from Tenerife, El Julan (540 ka), and El Tiñor (1.05 Ma) landslides from El Hierro, and the Cumbre Nueva landslide (485 ka) from La Palma. Seven of eight landslides occurred during major deglaciations or subsequent interglacial periods, which represent 55% of the time. However, all of the studied landslides occur during or at the end of periods of protracted island volcanism, which generally represent 60% of the island histories. Although climate may precondition failures, it is suggested that volcanism presents a more viable preconditioning and trigger mechanism for Canary Island landslides.
Anonymous Coward
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07/15/2013 04:33 PM
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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
[link to www.newscientist.com]
Volcano's screams may explain eruption's awesome power
18:00 14 July 2013 by Colin Barras

Several volcanoes erupted in 2009 – but only one screamed in the process. Its unique guttural howls provide an unrivalled glimpse into the heart of a volcanic eruption, and may hold clues to the driving forces that cause volcanoes to blow their tops.

The Redoubt volcano near Anchorage in Alaska sprang to life in March 2009, exploding more than 20 times during a two-week-long eruption that spewed ash some 15 kilometres upwards into the stratosphere.

Before many of those explosions, local seismic stations detected a flurry of tiny tremors of magnitude 0.5 to 1.5. In the final minute before an explosion, the earthquake frequency peaked at about 30 events every second, which meant the seismic waves they generated merged together into a continuous stream. This then gave way to 30 seconds of eerie silence just before the explosion.

The seismologists studying Redoubt have dubbed the stream "the seismic scream", because it built to a crescendo of increasing pitch, entering the lowest range of human hearing (listen to the scream here, sped up 60 times)...
To work out why Redoubt screamed, Dunham and his colleagues generated a mathematical model of the seismic activity. Their work shows how a build-up of pressure within the conduit could have increased friction between the surfaces in the heart of the volcano, causing them to slip past each other in a quickening sequence of judders just before it exploded.

Exactly which surfaces scraped against each other is still unclear. "But it's fun to speculate," says Dunham.

It might be that the magma was thick enough to rasp against the walls of the conduit rather than flowing smoothly past them during its upward journey...

The 2009 Redoubt eruption is the only known example of a volcano screaming but establishing the exact cause of the screams – and the silence – will prove invaluable, because so little is known about what goes on at the heart of a volcano. "This region is often several kilometres beneath Earth's surface, so it is quite challenging to study," says Dunham. The screams may hold the key to working out how pressure changes in the heart of a volcano just before an eruption, and that could help establish why some events are particularly destructive.
Anonymous Coward
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07/15/2013 04:36 PM
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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
[link to www.ticotimes.net]
Elbows in, knees together, back straight: Volcano boarding in Nicaragua
Posted: Sunday, July 14, 2013 - By Anna-Claire Bevan

Discovered by an Australian just over five years ago, volcano boarding (or surfing) is one of Central America’s newest extreme sports. Cerro Negro, Nicaragua's youngest volcano and just over 700 meters tall, is one of the more popular spots. Photos by Anna-Claire Bevan/Tico Times:
[link to static3.cdn.ticotimes.net]

...Volcano boarding is a must for anyone visiting Nicaragua with a taste of adventure. Where else in the world can you scale an active volcano and then launch yourself off it at a speed of over 80 kph?
Anonymous Coward
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07/15/2013 04:41 PM
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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
[link to www.vancouversun.com]
Scientists link 'Great Dying' to volcanic eruptions
Evidence in Canadian high Arctic points to suspect in mass extinction 250 million years ago
By Randy Boswell, Postmedia News July 14, 2013

Canadian scientists probing two sites in the High Arctic have found fresh evidence pointing to a fiery Siberian suspect in the greatest mass extinction of all time - a planetwide cataclysm that wiped out more than 90 per cent of the Earth's species about 250 million years ago.

The so-called "Great Dying" at the end of the Permian geological era killed off a larger proportion of species than any of the 25 other mass extinctions scientists have identified from sudden and widespread gaps in the fossil record at certain layers of rock corresponding to specific periods of time.

The precise cause of the biological catastrophe 252 million years ago has been debated by scientists for decades. But nothing else in Earth history compares to the Late Permian disaster, which eclipsed 95 per cent of all marine life and about 70 per cent of species on land...

In short, the findings confirm oxygen starvation as a significant factor in some phases or sites of the global crisis, but rule it out as the underlying cause of the planet-spanning extinctions, the researchers conclude...


"Rather than the direct cause of global extinction, anoxia may be more a contributing factor along with numerous other impacts associated with Siberian Traps eruption and other perturbations to the Earth system." Traces of the ancient volcanic calamity itself can be seen across a wide area of presentday Russia near the Siberian city of Norilsk.

The researchers involved in the new Geology study have published previous papers on the Permian extinction.
Anonymous Coward
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07/15/2013 04:54 PM
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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
after explosion of Tungurahua

Wilmer Merino
Piroclastic flow in Juive Grande ! you need see it:
[link to pbs.twimg.com (secure)]
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 43467324


Rob Simmon 6 h
the Tungurahua plume finally reaches above the cloud deck, and it's right in MODIS's orbital gap :
[link to rapidfire.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov]
Anonymous Coward
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07/15/2013 05:58 PM
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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
[link to chemoc.coas.oregonstate.edu]
Robert W. Collier, Jack Dymond and James McManus
College of Oceanography
Oregon State University
Corvallis, OR 97331

Crater Lake sits within the caldera of Mt. Mazama, a center of volcanism in the Oregon Cascades for more than 400,000 years. The morphology of the lake is largely a consequence of a climactic eruption that occurred 6845 + 50 years ago; however, intercaldera volcanism took place as recently as 4000 years ago. The volcanic morphology provides a basin for what is now the deepest lake in the United States (approximately 590 meters). The volcanic terrain strongly limits the nutrient fluxes into the lake, mostly because the lake covers 78% of the total drainage area. Consequently, the lake is highly oligotrophic and one of the clearest lakes in the world...

Conclusions

As a result of more than three years of field studies and our interpretation of these and other data from the literature, we conclude that there are active inputs of hydrothermal fluids into the bottom of Crater Lake...
Luisport

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07/16/2013 08:45 AM

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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
July 15, 2013 – COSTA RICA - A significant earthquake swarm has started late on 13 July at the volcano and is continuing. This could indicate a rise of magma in progress and could eventually lead to new eruptions in the near future. The stratovolcano is 3,340 m (10,958 ft) high and is about 45 minutes from the Atlantic slope town of Turrialba. The summit has three craters, one of which has fumaroles and sulfur pits. The largest of the craters has a diameter of 164 feet (50 m). Turrialba is adjacent to the Irazú volcano and both are among Costa Rica’s largest volcanoes. It had at least five large explosive eruptions in last 3500 years. The Turrialba volcano last erupted in 2011. –Volcano Discovery , Wikp [link to theextinctionprotocol.wordpress.com]
Luisport

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07/16/2013 09:27 AM

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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
John Seach@johnseach
12 min
Magnitude 7.3 earthquake 106 km SE of #Thule Island volcano, South Sandwich Islands.


John Seach@johnseach
14 min
Magnitude 6.0 earthquake 26 km SW of #Bagana volcano, Papua New Guinea.
Anonymous Coward
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07/16/2013 04:45 PM
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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
John Seach@johnseach
12 min
Magnitude 7.3 earthquake 106 km SE of #Thule Island volcano, South Sandwich Islands.
 Quoting: Luisport


hmm... i guess Jon is mistaken here, the distance over 200 km
Anonymous Coward
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07/16/2013 04:49 PM
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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 43129789


[link to en.vedur.is]
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 43151003


look at that little bunch of quakes in torfajukull

my opinion is the calderas are weak points in the crust, that the stress from below is focussing on.

for now, they are giving, and taking up the strain from below.

what if one eruption here leads to a much bigger caldera than is already there being formed though, BECAUSE of the immense pressure from below?

when you look at, and measure all of the calderas in that area, ejaf, katla, hekla, torfajukull, vatnafjoll, and tindfjallajokull, they are all in an area about 20 x 25 miles. That's all. all those big volcanoes, in a tiny area really. Imagine them all going, and unzipping a caldera 20x25 miles.

those quakes in torfajukull need to be watched imho.

an eruption from a caldera 20x25 miles doesn't bear thinking about. it would be utterly devastating for everyone.

another thing to think about is both Hekla, and Katla now, are LATE for their usual eruptions. why is that?

are they being the ladies they are, waiting for the big guy to come beneath them, before they scream?

i think we're in a lot of trouble.

do you think a 20x25 mile caldera is out of the question? I bet the people around Mount Toba 75000 years ago thought that beautiful mountain wouldn't do what it did either.

i doubt anything like that would happen though. what would be the point of paying mortgages on Iceland if it were??

oh....
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 627260


Journal of Applied Volcanology 2013, 2:2
Research
A statistical analysis of the global historical volcanic fatalities recordMelanie Rose Auker1*, Robert Stephen John Sparks1, Lee Siebert2, Helen Sian Crosweller1 and John Ewert3

...Conclusions
With hundreds of millions of people potentially at risk from volcanic hazards, developing a bank of data covering volcanic events and their impacts is a very useful resource in assessing and managing volcanic risk in the future. Our database enhances this collection of information, and contains records of more fatal incidents than other works before it...
The VFI, a measure of fatalities that aims to remove the effects of both population growth and under-reporting, provides a new approach to examining changes in vulnerability to volcanic hazards over time. Whilst the commencement of recording of volcanic eruptions as natural events rather than solely as disasters may explain the steady decrease in the VFI seen in the 17th and 18th centuries, the five-fold decrease seen from approximately 1800 onwards is likely a result of real decreases in populations’ vulnerability to volcanic hazards. Such decreases are generally temporally linked to developments in the science of volcanology and improvements in societal resilience, and thus suggest the benefits of investments in disaster risk reduction are borne out by the fatalities record. Using the VFI, we estimate that improvements in hazard management as a whole have saved approximately 50,000 lives during the last 100 years. This figure is likely an underestimate, as the numbers of lives saved through evacuations prior to eruptions in the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s far exceeds 50,000...
Anonymous Coward
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07/16/2013 04:54 PM
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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 43129789


[link to en.vedur.is]
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 43151003


look at that little bunch of quakes in torfajukull

my opinion is the calderas are weak points in the crust, that the stress from below is focussing on.

for now, they are giving, and taking up the strain from below.

what if one eruption here leads to a much bigger caldera than is already there being formed though, BECAUSE of the immense pressure from below?

when you look at, and measure all of the calderas in that area, ejaf, katla, hekla, torfajukull, vatnafjoll, and tindfjallajokull, they are all in an area about 20 x 25 miles. That's all. all those big volcanoes, in a tiny area really. Imagine them all going, and unzipping a caldera 20x25 miles.

those quakes in torfajukull need to be watched imho.

an eruption from a caldera 20x25 miles doesn't bear thinking about. it would be utterly devastating for everyone.

another thing to think about is both Hekla, and Katla now, are LATE for their usual eruptions. why is that?

are they being the ladies they are, waiting for the big guy to come beneath them, before they scream?

i think we're in a lot of trouble.

do you think a 20x25 mile caldera is out of the question? I bet the people around Mount Toba 75000 years ago thought that beautiful mountain wouldn't do what it did either.

i doubt anything like that would happen though. what would be the point of paying mortgages on Iceland if it were??

oh....
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 627260


Journal of Applied Volcanology 2013, 2:2
Research
A statistical analysis of the global historical volcanic fatalities recordMelanie Rose Auker1*, Robert Stephen John Sparks1, Lee Siebert2, Helen Sian Crosweller1 and John Ewert3

...Conclusions
With hundreds of millions of people potentially at risk from volcanic hazards, developing a bank of data covering volcanic events and their impacts is a very useful resource in assessing and managing volcanic risk in the future. Our database enhances this collection of information, and contains records of more fatal incidents than other works before it...
The VFI, a measure of fatalities that aims to remove the effects of both population growth and under-reporting, provides a new approach to examining changes in vulnerability to volcanic hazards over time. Whilst the commencement of recording of volcanic eruptions as natural events rather than solely as disasters may explain the steady decrease in the VFI seen in the 17th and 18th centuries, the five-fold decrease seen from approximately 1800 onwards is likely a result of real decreases in populations’ vulnerability to volcanic hazards. Such decreases are generally temporally linked to developments in the science of volcanology and improvements in societal resilience, and thus suggest the benefits of investments in disaster risk reduction are borne out by the fatalities record. Using the VFI, we estimate that improvements in hazard management as a whole have saved approximately 50,000 lives during the last 100 years. This figure is likely an underestimate, as the numbers of lives saved through evacuations prior to eruptions in the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s far exceeds 50,000...
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 43534536


Journal of Applied Volcanology 2013, 2:3
[link to www.appliedvolc.com]
Research
UK monitoring and deposition of tephra from the May 2011 eruption of Grímsvötn, IcelandJohn A Stevenson1*, Susan C Loughlin2, Anna Font3, Gary W Fuller3, Alison MacLeod4, Ian W Oliver5, Ben Jackson6, Claire J Horwell7, Thor Thordarson1,9 and Ian Dawson8


...Conclusion
Tape-on-paper samples, rainwater samples, rainwater chemistry, pollen slides and air quality data all show that most deposition took place in Scotland on 23–24 May, with a second, minor, period of deposition on 26–27 May. No detrimental effects on health were reported. Air mass trajectories show that this material came from the lowest 4 km above sea level of the eruption plume, which is consistent with observations from Iceland that most material was deposited to the south of the volcano. Rainwater samples and Osiris aerosol grainsize data show that most of the ash grains in northern Scotland were >&#8201;10 &#956;m&#8201;in length, many were >&#8201;25 &#956;m&#8201;and some were up to 80 &#956;m&#8201;in length. These findings corroborate those from the 2010 Eyjafjallaj&#246;kull eruption that even Icelandic eruptions with low plumes (<&#8201;5 km above sea level) can deliver volcanic ash to the UK (Stevenson et al. 2012).

The patchy distribution demonstrates that many Icelandic tephras may be missing from the tephrochronology record. Given that 85% of Icelandic eruptions are basaltic in composition and that eruptions from subglacial volcanoes e.g. Gr&#237;msv&#246;tn, Katla, are explosive (Thordarson and Larsen 2007), this suggests that the reason that only 10% of distal microtephras are basaltic has more to do with the chemical stability of shards or density-based extraction methods (e.g. Lawson et al. 2012) than it does with transport...
Anonymous Coward
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07/16/2013 05:04 PM
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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
John Seach@johnseach
12 min
Magnitude 7.3 earthquake 106 km SE of #Thule Island volcano, South Sandwich Islands.


John Seach@johnseach
14 min
Magnitude 6.0 earthquake 26 km SW of #Bagana volcano, Papua New Guinea.
 Quoting: Luisport


[link to www.emsc-csem.org]
Magnitude mb 4.0
Region MADEIRA ISLANDS, PORTUGAL REGION
Date time 2013-07-16 16:26:40.6 UTC
Location 34.53 N ; 16.31 W
Depth 100 km
Distances 792 km SW of Lisbon, Portugal / pop: 517,802 / local time: 17:26:40.6 2013-07-16
217 km N of Funchal / pop: 100,847 / local time: 17:26:00.0 2013-07-16
160 km N of Camacha, Portugal / pop: 8,635 / local time: 17:26:40.6 2013-07-16

[link to www.westernmorningnews.co.uk]
Experts study risk of South West tsunami.
By Western Morning News.
Tuesday, July 16, 2013

An earthquake off the coast of Portugal could send a three-metre-high tsunami hurtling at high speed towards the Westcountry coast, an emergency planning conference has heard.

The fast-moving wall of water could strike the far west of the region within four to six hours, submerging most of the Isles of Scilly before inundating low-lying coastal areas of the mainland.

Organisers of the meeting to consider the threat of possible disaster have downplayed the likelihood of a seismic event big enough to trigger such a catastrophic wave...

..."It is highly unlikely – there has not been a tsunami for more than 250 years and hopefully we won't see one for another 250.

"But after seeing the devastation in Japan and Thailand we have to ask the question of the scientific community – what and where would be the impact, is it likely and, if it is, should we plan for it?...

...Other parts of Europe, including France, Spain and Portugal, have already undertaken large scientific studies to model the effect of a tsunami.

Work has also been done to predict the catastrophic impact should a massive slab of rock twice the volume of the Isle of Man break away from the island of La Palma, in the Canary Islands, and smash into the Atlantic Ocean. The resultant tsunami, higher than Nelson's Column and faster than a jet aircraft, would devastate the eastern seaboard of America and inundate much of southern Britain.

The United States and Canada are among countries who have initiated early warning systems, but the UK has no buoys which could detect a sudden surge of water. In the event of an earthquake in the Atlantic, we would currently rely on the British Geological Survey to register the quake and the arrival of a wave at nearby Portugal.
Anonymous Coward
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07/16/2013 05:17 PM
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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
[link to storify.com]
...The explosion was captured in its early stages from a few different perspectives:
[link to i.embed.ly]

My favourite...:
[link to i.embed.ly]

As the ash column went upwards, it was visible from places as far as Ambato and Quito:
[link to i.embed.ly]

The explosion and events that followed generated some large pyroclastic flows, which appear to have been the largest since the 2006 eruption. Here are some pictures of flows in the Achupashal cebrada:
[link to i.embed.ly]

Normally early in the morning, the children from local villages have to cross this channel (and others) to get to school in Ba&#241;os. Good job that the explosion was on a Sunday. Doesn't stop them from warming their feet in what looks like ash (can't tell if it is surge) deposits on the sides of the valley:
[link to i.embed.ly]

Apparently this woman has picked up a hot rock, although I don't know if this eruption produced pyroclastic flows containing this particular type of textured block @paulcole23 will know better...:
[link to i.embed.ly]

Nevertheless...after events like these, tourists and locals often flock to see the impacts...perhaps unaware of the chance of new eruptive events.
The last photo is just spectacular....:
[link to i.embed.ly]
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 43467324


[link to www.igepn.edu.ec]
Google translation
Update: Further increase of seismic activity at the volcano Tungurahua bellows
July 16, 2013
From about 04:10 (local time) today, July 16, 2013, there has been a slight increase in the energy of the seismic activity, registering a tremor signal emission from 06:50 (Local TIMP) saturated stations near the volcano. Since the last time the intensity and length of the bellows have increased. Due to the presence of high clouds in the volcano area there have been no observations of the surface manifestations.
This morning there have been reports from the sector Manzano soil vibration associated with the bellows. By analyzing data from monitoring stations lahars presumed muddy water falling through the ravines of Juive, Achupashal and Bilbao.
Anonymous Coward
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07/16/2013 05:26 PM
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[link to www.avo.alaska.edu]
ALASKA VOLCANO OBSERVATORY DAILY UPDATE
Tuesday, July 16, 2013 10:13 AM AKDT (Tuesday, July 16, 2013 18:13 UTC)


VENIAMINOF VOLCANO (CAVW #1102-07-)
56°11'52" N 159°23'35" W, Summit Elevation 8225 ft (2507 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: WATCH
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

Nearly continuous low-level volcanic tremor has been ongoing. Satellite images detected elevated surface temperatures during the past 24 hours. These data indicate an ongoing low-level eruption characterized by effusion of lava and emission of minor amounts of ash and steam...
Anonymous Coward
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07/16/2013 05:37 PM
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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
Katla : interesting spikes at all stations today
[link to hraun.vedur.is]
Anonymous Coward
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07/16/2013 05:50 PM
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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
[link to storify.com]
...The explosion was captured in its early stages from a few different perspectives:
[link to i.embed.ly]

My favourite...:
[link to i.embed.ly]

As the ash column went upwards, it was visible from places as far as Ambato and Quito:
[link to i.embed.ly]

The explosion and events that followed generated some large pyroclastic flows, which appear to have been the largest since the 2006 eruption. Here are some pictures of flows in the Achupashal cebrada:
[link to i.embed.ly]

Normally early in the morning, the children from local villages have to cross this channel (and others) to get to school in Ba&#241;os. Good job that the explosion was on a Sunday. Doesn't stop them from warming their feet in what looks like ash (can't tell if it is surge) deposits on the sides of the valley:
[link to i.embed.ly]

Apparently this woman has picked up a hot rock, although I don't know if this eruption produced pyroclastic flows containing this particular type of textured block @paulcole23 will know better...:
[link to i.embed.ly]

Nevertheless...after events like these, tourists and locals often flock to see the impacts...perhaps unaware of the chance of new eruptive events.
The last photo is just spectacular....:
[link to i.embed.ly]
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 43467324


[link to www.igepn.edu.ec]
Google translation
Update: Further increase of seismic activity at the volcano Tungurahua bellows
July 16, 2013
From about 04:10 (local time) today, July 16, 2013, there has been a slight increase in the energy of the seismic activity, registering a tremor signal emission from 06:50 (Local TIMP) saturated stations near the volcano. Since the last time the intensity and length of the bellows have increased. Due to the presence of high clouds in the volcano area there have been no observations of the surface manifestations.
This morning there have been reports from the sector Manzano soil vibration associated with the bellows. By analyzing data from monitoring stations lahars presumed muddy water falling through the ravines of Juive, Achupashal and Bilbao.
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 43534536


Wow!
[link to instagram.com]
it's great shocked
Anonymous Coward
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07/17/2013 01:16 AM
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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
Evaluation of the activity of the volcano Tungurahua
July 16, 2013 19:38
...In conclusion, due to the current record of volcano-tectonic events (VTs), due to fracture rock inside the volcano and involving the ascent of magmatic material, the continuous seismic record type long period (LP), which denote transport fluids and pattern three geodetic inflation, you can not rule out a significant eruptive activity in the short term...

[link to www.igepn.edu.ec]
Luisport

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07/17/2013 12:17 PM

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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
Updated: Wednesday, 17 July, 2013 at 03:14 UTC
Description
Ecuadorian Tungurahua volcano today reported a slight increase in the energy of seismic activity, after the blast past Sunday, the Geophysical Institute of the National Polytechnic School (IG) reported. The IG said that from about 04:10 local time on Tuesday, there is a tremor signal emission, which from 06:50 local time saturates the stations near the volcano of 5016 meters. Since the last time the intensity and length of the howlings have increased, said the IG, and explained that due to the presence of high clouds in the volcano area there have been no observations of the surface manifestations. The National Secretariat for Risk Management (SNGR) on Sunday decreed alert, of caution at the volcano area, with a possible increase in the activity of the colossus after the explosion of great intensity that day and the ejection of a high column of ash and rocks. The Tungurahua, located about 45 miles south of Quito, its current eruptive process began in 1999 and has since periods of intense activity interspersed with periods of relative calm. The population of areas near the volcano were affected on Sunday by falling rubble of black and pink color, while other remote areas received falling of thick black ash. Authorities Risk Management Secretariat volcano kept under constant observation to implement the measures in case of an increase in its activity.
[link to hisz.rsoe.hu]
Luisport

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07/18/2013 11:32 AM

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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
John Seach @johnseach 3h
Magnitude 4.4 earthquake 14 km SSW of #Pacaya volcano, #Guatemala.
·

John Seach John Seach @johnseach 3h
Magnitude 6.0 earthquake 9 km northeast of summit of #Sabancaya volcano, #Peru.
·

John Seach John Seach @johnseach 3h
Magnitude 5.7 earthquake 50 km southwest of Deception Island volcano, #Antarctica.
Luisport

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07/21/2013 06:13 AM

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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
John Seach @johnseach 9h
More on #Makura volcano, Vanuatu. volcanolive.com/makura.html
·

John Seach John Seach @johnseach 9h
Magnitude 4.5 earthquake under #Makura volcano, #Vanuatu.
·

John Seach John Seach @johnseach 9h
Lava flowing into the ocean at #Kilauea volcano, #Hawaii.
Phase-Sphere

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07/21/2013 06:46 AM

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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
fingerofgodduece
What happened to my beloved GLP????.
Luisport

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07/22/2013 02:17 PM

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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
Residents flee as Indonesia’s Merapi Volcano spews ash

Posted on July 22, 2013 by The Extinction Protocol


July 22, 2013 – INDONESIA - One of Indonesia’s most dangerous volcanoes spewed material a kilometer into the air near Yogyakarta, a university town and center of Javanese culture, sending hundreds of villagers fleeing. A short, massive rumbling was heard from Mount Merapi in the predawn hours Monday, the country’s disaster agency said, after which a cloud of ash and fine sand fell for several hours as far as 14 kilometers from the peak on the island of Java. By afternoon all activity had ceased and most of the evacuees from the mountain’s slopes returned to their homes. “This was not an eruption, just the sliding-down of volcanic material from the top of the volcano,” said Agus Hendratno, a geologist and lecturer at Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta. He said this is a common process in which part of the volcano’s lava dome collapses, releasing ash and volcanic material. “I went outside my house at 5 a.m. and was surprised to see the terrace covered in a fine ash,” he added. “It kept falling until around 8 a.m.” Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, spokesman for the disaster agency, said Merapi’s alert level remains normal, and that scientists are monitoring the volcano to gauge whether the activity could presage a lava eruption. Merapi, nearly 3,000 meters high and about 25 kilometers north of Yogyakarta, is Indonesia’s most seismically active volcano. An eruption in 2010 released poisonous gases and blanketed the region in ash, killing more than 300 people and temporarily displacing hundreds of thousands. Indonesia, which sits along a series of major fault lines dubbed the “Ring of Fire,” is home to more than 100 active volcanoes. The United Nations lists Merapi as one of 16 world-wide that pose especially serious threats because of their activity and the size of nearby populations. Millions of people live in the region around Merapi. -WSJ [link to theextinctionprotocol.wordpress.com]
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07/22/2013 02:18 PM

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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
Japan’s Sakurajima volcano shaken by large explosive eruption

Posted on July 22, 2013 by The Extinction Protocol

July 22, 2013 – JAPAN – A strong vulcanian explosion occurred last night at 11:02 GMT (20:02 local time), following several hours of near complete calm at the volcano. A loud cannon-shot bang accompanied the explosion, which generated a large mushroom cloud that reached 12,000 ft (3.7 km) altitude and engulfed the NE half of the Sakurajima peninsula and was followed by several smaller ones within about half an hour. The volcano and much of the surrounding areas remained under the ash plume for several hours until it started to clear up again. In the hours after the explosion, the Showa crater continued to emit ash plumes in often near-continuous pulses, sometimes reaching several 100 m height, but with no visible incandescence or audible sounds. –Volcano Discovery

Large explosions at Ecuador volcano: An increase of activity occurred yesterday. IGPEN recorded 3 strong pulses of volcanic tremor since midnight 20-21 July (local time), which were accompanied by strombolian activity and strong explosions that produced loud roars, heavy gunfire sounds, and vibrations that rattled floors, windows and doors of houses in areas nearby. Some were heard even in the Tungurahua Volcano Observatory (OVT), located 14 km north of the volcano. The largest explosion yesterday at 14h18 (local time) generated an eruption column of 5 km height moving east. Although so far there have been no new pyroclastic flows, this could likely happen in the near future. Ash fall occurred in the area of Manzano, Choglontus, Tisaleo, Cevallos and Mapayacu. In between the explosions, constant strombolian activity with the ejection of incandescent bombs, some of which rolled down the slopes could be seen at night. The explosions caused considerable damage to some of the monitoring instruments (solar panels, cameras etc.). –Volcano Discovery [link to theextinctionprotocol.wordpress.com]
Anonymous Coward
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07/22/2013 03:15 PM
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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
:fingerofgodduece:
 Quoting: Phase-Sphere


shocked

Katla!
[link to en.vedur.is]
Monday
22.07.2013 15:55:17 63.636 -19.122 0.0 km 2.3 99.0 6.3 km N of Habunga
Monday
22.07.2013 15:47:40 63.635 -19.117 0.1 km 0.7 99.0 6.2 km N of Habunga
Monday
22.07.2013 15:46:04 63.636 -19.113 0.1 km 0.6 99.0 6.2 km N of Habunga
Monday
22.07.2013 08:44:10 63.636 -19.133 0.1 km 0.6 99.0 5.8 km E of Godabunga
Monday
22.07.2013 08:41:05 63.632 -19.145 0.1 km 1.1 99.0 5.3 km E of Godabunga
Monday
22.07.2013 08:39:50 63.633 -19.141 0.1 km 1.2 99.0 5.4 km E of Godabunga
Monday
22.07.2013 08:38:50 63.637 -19.142 0.1 km 0.8 99.0 5.4 km E of Godabunga
Monday
22.07.2013 08:38:01 63.632 -19.142 0.1 km 1.5 99.0 5.4 km E of Godabunga
Monday
22.07.2013 08:36:47 63.632 -19.145 0.1 km 1.9 99.0 5.3 km E of Godabunga
Monday
22.07.2013 05:58:02 63.645 -19.103 0.1 km 2.1 99.0 7.2 km N of Habunga
Monday
22.07.2013 05:03:23 63.562 -19.075 14.2 km 1.0 99.0 2.3 km SSE of Habunga
Monday
22.07.2013 00:33:13 63.650 -19.328 0.1 km 2.1 99.0 4.0 km WNW of Godabunga
Anonymous Coward
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07/22/2013 03:21 PM
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Re: The monsters wakes up ! Katla Hekla Iceland Dead Zone and rift as uniform system ! A lot of others worldwide !
[link to www.straitstimes.com]
YOGYAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) - Indonesia's most volatile volcano spewed smoke and ash on Monday, forcing hundreds of people to flee their villages along its slopes, a disaster official said.

Mount Merapi on the main island of Java rumbled as heavy rain fell around its cloud-covered crater, said disaster mitigation agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho.

The volcano unleashed a column of dark red volcanic material 1,000m into the air, and the ash made the rain thick and muddy in several villages as terrified residents fled to safety, he said.

The sound was heard 30km away, but an eruption did not occur and the volcano's alert level was not raised, spokesman Nugroho said.
Anonymous Coward
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07/22/2013 03:23 PM
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[link to www.news24.com]
Panic as Indonesia volcano spews ash
2013-07-22 11:09

...The volcano unleashed a column of dark red volcanic material 1 000m into the air, and the ash made the rain thick and muddy in several villages as terrified residents fled to safety, he said.

The sound was heard 30km away, but an eruption did not occur and the volcano's alert level was not raised, Nugroho said.

The 2 968m mountain is the most active of 500 Indonesian volcanoes. Its last major eruption in 2010 killed 347 people...

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