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The 'Tanker War' between Iran and Iraq the in Persian Gulf between 1984 and 1988

 
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The 'Tanker War' between Iran and Iraq the in Persian Gulf between 1984 and 1988
The Tanker War started when Iraq attacked Iranian tankers and the oil terminal at Kharg Island in early 1984.[87] Iran struck back by attacking tankers carrying Iraqi oil from Kuwait and then any tanker of the Persian Gulf states supporting Iraq. Both nations attacked oil tankers and merchant ships, including those of neutral nations, in an effort to deprive the opponent of trade. Iraq declared that all ships going to or from Iranian ports in the northern zone of the Persian Gulf were subject to attack.[87]

Saddam's hope in beginning the "tanker war" was that in response to Iraqi attacks against its shipping, the Iranians might do something extreme in retaliation such as closing the Strait of Hormuz to all shipping.[87] The United States had threatened several times to go to war if the Strait of Hormuz was closed.[87] For this reason, the Iranians refused to rise to the bait, and so limited their attacks in retaliation to Iraqi shipping.[88] Iran attacked tankers carrying Iraqi oil from Kuwait and then any tanker of the Persian Gulf states supporting Iraq. The air and small boat attacks did very little damage to Persian Gulf state economies and Iran just moved its shipping port to Larak Island in the strait of Hormuz.[89]

Iraq used its air power to enforce its threats, primarily helicopters, F-1 Mirage and MiG-23 fighters armed with Exocet anti-ship missiles. After repeated Iraqi attacks on Iran's main exporting facility on Khark Island, Iran attacked a Kuwaiti tanker near Bahrain on 13 May 1984, and a Saudi tanker in Saudi waters on 16 May. Attacks on ships of noncombatant nations in the Persian Gulf sharply increased thereafter, and this phase of the Iraq-Iran war was dubbed the "Tanker War." The Iranian attacks against Saudi shipping led to Saudi F-15s shooting down an Iranian aircraft on 5 June 1984.[88]


The Iranian Navy imposed a naval blockade of Iraq, using its British-built frigates to stop and inspect any ships thought to be trading with Iraq. They operated with virtual impunity, as Iraqi pilots had little training in hitting naval targets. Some Iranian warships attacked tankers with ship-to-ship missiles, while others used their radars to guide land-based anti-ship missiles to their targets.[90]

Though the "tanker war" alarmed the United States, it was not followed up with any significant American action until 1987.[88] After several Iranian attacks on Kuwaiti shipping, the United States Navy started in March 1987 to escort Kuwaiti tankers provided that they flew the American flag.[88] In April 1987, the Soviet Navy also started escorting Kuwaiti tankers.[88]

A US Navy ship, the USS Stark, was struck on 17 May 1987 by two Exocet antiship missiles fired from an Iraqi F-1 Mirage[91][92] plane. The Iraqi fighter fired the Exocet missiles at about the time the fighter was given a routine radio warning by the Stark.[93] The frigate did not detect the missiles with radar and warning was given by the lookout only moments before the missiles struck.[94] The missiles hit the ship and one exploded in crew quarters, killing 37 sailors and wounding 21.[94]

Attacks on shipping

Lloyd's of London, a British insurance market, estimated that the Tanker War damaged 546 commercial vessels and killed about 430 civilian sailors. The largest portion of the attacks were directed by Iran against Kuwaiti vessels, and on 1 November 1986, Kuwait formally petitioned foreign powers to protect its shipping. The Soviet Union agreed to charter tankers starting in 1987, and the United States offered to provide protection for tankers flying the U.S. flag on 7 March 1987 (Operation Earnest Will and Operation Prime Chance).[95]

During the course of the war Iran attacked two Soviet Navy ships which were protecting Kuwaiti tankers.[96] One of the ships which was damaged as a result of an attack during the war was the Seawise Giant carrying Iranian crude which was struck by Iraqi Exocet missiles, resulting in the damage of the largest ship ever built in history.[97]


source: [link to en.wikipedia.org (secure)]


hiding
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Re: The 'Tanker War' between Iran and Iraq the in Persian Gulf between 1984 and 1988
source:

[link to en.wikipedia.org]
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03/16/2012 10:50 PM
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Re: The 'Tanker War' between Iran and Iraq the in Persian Gulf between 1984 and 1988
After reading it, I'm convinced that "the end of the world" will NOT happen in 2012.

The Mayans were wrong...

Event if Israel attacks Iran, and a war starts, it will not be the "end of the world".

Proof: the world didn't end in the 80's, during the 'tanker war'....
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03/16/2012 10:52 PM
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Re: The 'Tanker War' between Iran and Iraq the in Persian Gulf between 1984 and 1988
Seriously?

546 oil tankers damaged in the Persian Gulf by military attacks?

And the Armageddon didn't happen at that time?

No doom is ever possible... Mayans fail...
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Re: The 'Tanker War' between Iran and Iraq the in Persian Gulf between 1984 and 1988
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Re: The 'Tanker War' between Iran and Iraq the in Persian Gulf between 1984 and 1988
BREAKING: DOOM CANCELED!


Doom is impossible.


If it didn't happen during the "Tanker War" in the 80's, it will NEVER happen!
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