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Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???

 
Lamplite
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Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
Is a massive volcanic eruption from Lake Toba in Indonesia immanent?.


Image of location below ...

[link to upload.wikimedia.org]

(less than 50% of article)

Lake Toba is a lake and supervolcano. It is the largest lake in Indonesia and the largest volcanic lake in the world. Lake Toba is the site of a supervolcanic eruption that occurred an estimated 69,000 to 77,000 years ago, a massive, climate-changing event. It is estimated to have been a VEI 8 eruption. It is the largest known explosive eruption anywhere on Earth in the last 25 million years. it has been accepted that the eruption of Toba led to a volcanic winter with a worldwide decline in temperatures between 3 to 5 °C (5 to 9 °F), and up to 15 °C (27.0 °F) in higher latitudes.

The eruption was large enough to have deposited an ash layer approximately 15 cm (5.9 in) thick over the entire South Asia; at one site in central India, the Toba ash layer today is up to 6 m (20 ft) thick and parts of Malaysia were covered with 9 m (30 ft) of ashfall. In addition it has been variously calculated that 10,000 million tonnes (1.1×1010 short tons) of sulphuric acid or 6,000 million tonnes (6.6×109 short tons) of sulphur dioxide were ejected into the atmosphere by the event, causing acid rain fallout.

The Toba caldera is the only supervolcano in existence that can be described as Yellowstone's "bigger" sister.

The subsequent collapse formed a caldera that, after filling with water, created Lake Toba. The island in the center of the lake is formed by a resurgent dome.


More recent activity

Smaller eruptions have occurred at Toba since. The small cone of Pusukbukit has formed on the southwestern margin of the caldera and lava domes. The most recent eruption may have been at Tandukbenua on the northwestern caldera edge, since the present lack of vegetation could be due to an eruption within the last few hundred years.

Some parts of the caldera have experienced uplift due to partial refilling of the magma chamber, for example pushing Samosir Island and the Uluan Peninsula above the surface of the lake. The lake sediments on Samosir Island show that it has been uplifted by at least 450 m (1,476 ft) since the cataclysmic eruption. Such uplifts are common in very large calderas, apparently due to the upward pressure of unerupted magma. Toba is probably the largest resurgent caldera on Earth. Large earthquakes have occurred in the vicinity of the volcano more recently, notably in 1987 along the southern shore of the lake at a depth of 11 km (6.8 mi).

Lake Toba lies near the Great Sumatran fault which runs along the centre of Sumatra in the Sumatra Fracture Zone.[9] The volcanoes of Sumatra and Java are part of the Sunda Arc, a result of the northeasterly movement of the Indo-Australian Plate which is sliding under the eastward-moving Eurasian Plate. The subduction zone in this area is very active: the seabed near the west coast of Sumatra has had several major earthquakes since 1995, including the 9.1 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake and the 8.7 2005 Sumatra earthquake, the epicenters of which were around 300 km (190 mi) from Toba.

On 12 September 2007, a magnitude 8.5 earthquake shook the ground in Sumatra and was felt in the Indonesian capital, Jakarta. The epicenter for this earthquake was not as close as the previous two earthquakes, but it was in the same vicinity.

On 26 October 2010, a magnitude 7.7 earthquake
occurred 36 kilometers (22 mi) southwest of the nearby island of Pagai-selatan. A 3-metre (10 ft) tsunami immediately followed the quake.

On 10 January 2012, a magnitude 7.3 earthquake occurred within the area.

The 2004 earthquake physically rolled the Sumatran island and altered the shape of the Earth as was detected by the GRACE satellite. Recent highly localized earthquake activity may initiate magmatic activity of this colossal global climate modifier.

[link to en.wikipedia.org]


Indonesia Earthquake (Magnitude 8.6) Wednesday 11th April 2012

A great earthquake (magnitude 8.6) hit off the coast of Aceh, Indonesia on 11th April 2012. The epicentre was 434 km SW of Banda Aceh, and the focus was at a depth of 22 km. A tsunami warning was issued for countries surrounding the Indian Ocean. Earthquakes of this magnitude have the potential to affect volcanoes within a 700 km radius. This includes Toba. A magnitude 8.2 aftershock occurred 2 hours after the great earthquake.

[link to www.volcanolive.com]

volcano

Here is a good image of the bigger quakes and how close they were to Toba.

[link to www.emsc-csem.org]

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Last Edited by Lamplite on 04/16/2012 07:33 PM
Lamplite (OP)

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04/13/2012 10:07 AM

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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
The below eruption is much smaller but gives some idea of what is likely to happen ... up scaled by heaps.


Tambora eruption

After a large magma chamber inside the mountain filled over the course of several decades, volcanic activity reached a historic climax in the super-colossal eruption of April 1815.[6] The 1815 eruption was approximately VEI 7, the only eruption of that size since the Lake Taupo eruption in about 180 CE

The eruption caused global climate anomalies that included the phenomenon known as "volcanic winter": 1816 became known as the "Year Without a Summer" because of the effect on North American and European weather. Agricultural crops failed and livestock died in much of the Northern Hemisphere, resulting in the worst famine of the 19th century.


[link to en.wikipedia.org]

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Last Edited by Lamplite on 04/13/2012 10:08 AM
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04/13/2012 10:10 AM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
I hope we have a Toba eruption, but I will be satisfied if we have a Tambora eruption!

peace
Lamplite (OP)

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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
Ice Ages are caused by increased volcanic activity.

Over 90% of volcanoes are in the sea. These in a round about way cause ice ages but not the final push into one. At present we have a huge amount of underwater volcanic activity going on.

Underwater volcanoes heat up the sea and cause it to evaporate. You can't have an ice age without something causing the sea to evaporate and causing it come down on the land as snow and then form into every growing sheets of ice.

Just before an ice age, the planet seems like it is going into a period of warming but it is not. The warm seas give a false sense of reality but as soon as a large quake goes off on the land, the race into an ice age is extremely rapid.

The sea is still warm and is a huge heat sink and it continues to evaporate but the land and air is cold and so the evaporating sea comes down as snow and it builds up on the land and does not melt and then forms huge glaciers.

We know volcanoes accompany ice ages because of all the ash found in the ice cores.

chaetin

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Last Edited by Lamplite on 04/13/2012 09:50 PM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
Biblical? (I have just added this because it is an interesting tie in?)

Judgement Day

Joel 2:29 And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit.

Joel 2:30 And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke.

Joel 2:31 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.

BFGFF

Revelations

Revelations 6:12 And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood;

Revelations 6:13 And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind.

Revelations 6:14 And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.

Revelations 8:7 And the second angel sounded, and as it were a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea: and the third part of the sea became blood;

Revelations 8:12 And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise.

All large volcanoes are accompanied by large earthquakes.

:tedi:

Krakatoa (Indonesian: Krakatau) is a volcanic island made of lava in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra in Indonesia. The name is used for the island group, the main island (also called Rakata), and the volcano as a whole. The volcano exploded in 1883, killing 40,000 people; some estimates put the death toll much higher. The explosion is considered to be the loudest sound ever heard in modern history, with reports of it being heard nearly 3,000 miles (4,800 km) from its point of origin. The shock wave from the explosion was recorded on barographs around the globe.

The cataclysmic explosion was faintly heard as far away as Perth in Western Australia, about 1,930 miles (3,110 km) away, and the island of Rodrigues near Mauritius, about 3,000 miles (5,000 km) away.

The recordings show that the shock wave from the final explosion reverberated around the globe seven times. Ash was propelled to a height of 80 km (50 mi). The sound of the eruption was so loud it was said that if anyone was within ten miles (16 km), they would go deaf.


Global optical effects

The eruption darkened the sky worldwide for years afterwards, and produced spectacular sunsets throughout the world for many months. British artist William Ashcroft made thousands of colour sketches of the red sunsets half-way around the world from Krakatoa in the years after the eruption.

In 2004, an astronomer proposed the idea that the blood-red sky shown in Edvard Munch's famous 1893 painting The Scream is also an accurate depiction of the sky over Norway after the eruption.

[link to en.wikipedia.org]


Blue Moon Hopi Blue lamp prophecy.

In 1883, an Indonesian volcano named Krakatoa exploded. Scientists liken the blast to a 100-megaton nuclear bomb. Fully 600 km away, people heard the noise as loud as a cannon shot. Plumes of ash rose to the very top of Earth's atmosphere. And the moon turned blue.

Krakatoa's ash was the reason. Some of the ash-clouds were filled with particles about 1 micron (one millionth of a meter) wide--the right size to strongly scatter red light, while allowing other colors to pass. White moonbeams shining through the clouds emerged blue,

If you hope to see a full moon which is the actual color blue, that is likely, especially during forest fire season.

[link to space.about.com]
.

Last Edited by Lamplite on 04/13/2012 08:51 PM
Lamplite (OP)

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04/13/2012 10:28 AM

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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
NASA scientists admit the ocean is warming with the aid of volcanic eruptions.


"The two main causes of sea level rise are melting of Earth’s frozen landscapes—ice sheets, ice caps, and glaciers—and thermal expansion. Water expands when it absorbs heat. If you add the amount of thermal expansion to the amount of melting, it should equal the observed sea level rise, but somehow, it never did."

“When scientists added these terms, the sum was always less than the observed sea level rise measured by tide gauges and satellite altimeters. It’s like one plus one did not equal two,” says Domingues.

What we found was that ocean heating was larger than scientists previously thought, and so the contribution of thermal expansion to sea level rise was actually 50 percent larger than previous estimates.”

They are also exploring how volcanic eruptions influence ocean heating,

models that include volcanic forcing are more realistic in terms of decadal variability

“This kind of result tells us volcanic forcing is important, but that we don’t totally understand it yet.”

[link to earthobservatory.nasa.gov]




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Last Edited by Lamplite on 04/13/2012 06:57 PM
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04/13/2012 10:55 AM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
I don't get the Asteroid picture thingy on this thread but I will confer that the GREATEST THREAT IS THE METHANE GAS CLOUD that would be released from the bottom of that lake bed.
ALL OXYGEN would dissapear and people would suffocate and be burnt to a crisp (like jet fuel). See LAKE NIOS, Camaroon, Africa. I sure hope you're wrong about this. Much prayer needs to go up for the people.
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04/13/2012 10:57 AM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
That is ultimate doomage !!!
Lamplite (OP)

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04/13/2012 10:58 AM

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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
When the Ice Age was ongoing, volcanism was commonplace

In many parts of the world (where there are “extinct” or active volcanos, such as Santorini and Etna in the Mediterranean), and this is proven by the many layers of ash discovered within bore holes into the polar icepacks, some of which, after having been compressed by tons of overlying snow and ice for many centuries, are a centimeter thick, so these vast layers of ash, when they accumulated, were several feet thick, undoubtedly quite the catastrophic scene, with volcanos popping and intense snowfall in the extreme latitudes, and much more rainfall in the middle latitudes, having made Egypt and the Middle East regions of lush pastures and babbling brooks, with lakes and stands of forests, when the great ancient civilizations were at their peaks.

As the Ice Age snowfall progressed, from much more global cloudcover (year ’round) at that time, the weight of the increasing layers of snow and ice on continents pushed down on those continental crusts, causing earthquakes and volcanism, hence the huge volumes of volcanic ash within the Ice Age icepacks which remain in Greenland, the Arctic, and the Antarctic.

[link to dancingfromgenesis.wordpress.com]

lightening

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Last Edited by Lamplite on 04/15/2012 01:29 AM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
Biblical? (I have just added this because it is an interesting tie in?)

Judgement Day

Joel 2:29 And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit.

Joel 2:30 And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke.

Joel 2:31 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.

:BFGFF:

Revelations

Revelations 6:12 And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood;

Revelations 6:13 And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind.

Revelations 6:14 And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.

Revelations 8:7 And the second angel sounded, and as it were a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea: and the third part of the sea became blood;

Revelations 8:12 And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise.

All large volcanoes re accompanied by large earthquakes.

Krakatoa (Indonesian: Krakatau) is a volcanic island made of lava in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra in Indonesia. The name is used for the island group, the main island (also called Rakata), and the volcano as a whole. The volcano exploded in 1883, killing 40,000 people; some estimates put the death toll much higher. The explosion is considered to be the loudest sound ever heard in modern history, with reports of it being heard nearly 3,000 miles (4,800 km) from its point of origin. The shock wave from the explosion was recorded on barographs around the globe.

The cataclysmic explosion was faintly heard as far away as Perth in Western Australia, about 1,930 miles (3,110 km) away, and the island of Rodrigues near Mauritius, about 3,000 miles (5,000 km) away.

The recordings show that the shock wave from the final explosion reverberated around the globe seven times. Ash was propelled to a height of 80 km (50 mi). The sound of the eruption was so loud it was said that if anyone was within ten miles (16 km), they would go deaf.


Global optical effects

The eruption darkened the sky worldwide for years afterwards, and produced spectacular sunsets throughout the world for many months. British artist William Ashcroft made thousands of colour sketches of the red sunsets half-way around the world from Krakatoa in the years after the eruption.

In 2004, an astronomer proposed the idea that the blood-red sky shown in Edvard Munch's famous 1893 painting The Scream is also an accurate depiction of the sky over Norway after the eruption.

[link to en.wikipedia.org]


Blue Moon Hopi Blue lamp prophecy.

In 1883, an Indonesian volcano named Krakatoa exploded. Scientists liken the blast to a 100-megaton nuclear bomb. Fully 600 km away, people heard the noise as loud as a cannon shot. Plumes of ash rose to the very top of Earth's atmosphere. And the moon turned blue.

Krakatoa's ash was the reason. Some of the ash-clouds were filled with particles about 1 micron (one millionth of a meter) wide--the right size to strongly scatter red light, while allowing other colors to pass. White moonbeams shining through the clouds emerged blue,

If you hope to see a full moon which is the actual color blue, that is likely, especially during forest fire season.

[link to space.about.com]
.
 Quoting: Lamplite


Very good thinking !!! :)
Anonymous Coward
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
I don't get the Asteroid picture thingy on this thread but I will confer that the GREATEST THREAT IS THE METHANE GAS CLOUD that would be released from the bottom of that lake bed.
ALL OXYGEN would dissapear and people would suffocate and be burnt to a crisp (like jet fuel). See LAKE NIOS, Camaroon, Africa. I sure hope you're wrong about this. Much prayer needs to go up for the people.
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 701098


Might delete that picture. Just wanted to show a huge explosion, which would send ash into the upper atmosphere.

I had not thought of the methane gas cloud, it would be bad enough without that.
.
 Quoting: Lamplite


I like it and Revelation prophecies two asteroids will hit , one on land and one in the sea .
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
there was a thread yesterday, and a posted vid from an article


i dont know if this fake but looks interesting ofc:


Earthquake in Lake Toba
[link to ireport.cnn.com]
Lamplite (OP)

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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
Antarctica is getting bigger not smaller!

“72% of the Antarctic ice sheet is gaining 27 ± 29 gigatons per year.” To put this into perspective as it relates to global sea level, the authors indicate that this gain in mass is enough “to lower global sea levels by 0.08 mm year-1.” These results are very similar to the findings reported last year in Science magazine by Curt Davis and colleagues, who also used satellite altimetry measurements of Antarctica to calculate mass changes and estimated that over a similar period and found that snow and ice build-up of the Antarctic ice sheets contributed to a fall in sea level of about 0.12 mm per year.

[link to www.worldclimatereport.com]

The Antarctic has had a steady temperature decrease since records began and has reached it's furthermost extent since records began.

[link to newsbusters.org]

The only piece of the Antarctic to show melting and ice breaking off has a huge active volcano underneath it.

[link to www.siu.edu]

The above information is important for several reasons -


# 1 - Clearly we have global cooling not warming going on.

# 2 - There is a huge amount of added weight going on at the bottom of the Earth, this weight has to be having a effect on all the land masses on Earth - especially fault lines and is probably contributing to increased volcanic activity.

# 3 - Not many people realise this but the more there is a difference between the temperature at the poles and the equator, the more violent our weather becomes, if we really had global warming, the planet would be becoming a much nicer place to live.

The below is a condensed article which proved disproportionate weight on the Earths Crust at the poles, does cause increased volcanic activity ....

Steve McNutt, avolcanologist at the University of Alaska, noticed that the volcano's eruptions followed a surprisingly regular pattern. Periods of activity seemed always to occur in fall or winter. Twelve of the 16 eruptions since 1973 have occurred in the autumn—four of them during the same five-day period in November. Pavlof's most recent episode, in 1996, touched off in September and peaked in December.

Researchers at the University of Cambridge in England poring over data for Sakura-jima, one of the most active volcanoes in Japan, when he noticed the volcano had a strong tendency to erupt in December, January, and February. There seemed an obvious preference for Northern Hemisphere winter eruptions for many volcanoes,"

Most of the identified seasonal volcanoes lie along the Ring of Fire. Most of the volcanoes with the greatest potential to destroy life and property in the United States also are part of the ring.

In the fall, powerful low-pressure systems march across the Aleutian Islands from west to east. As the lows move in over the Gulf of Alaska, there is less air pushing down on the water, so the local sea level rises. Meanwhile, air always moves away from high pressure toward low pressure. When high-pressure systems settle in over the Pacific Ocean, strong winds rush air toward the low pressure over the Gulf of Alaska, dragging in more water. "The net effect is that water is being pushed up against the Gulf of Alaska, and there's nowhere to escape, so it piles up," McNutt says. Sea levels at this time of year end up six inches higher than average as a result. The weight of that extra water, McNutt theorizes, triggers eruptions in the fall and winter: "According to our calculations, it's squeezing the chunk of real estate beneath the volcano and pushing the magma out like a hand on a toothpaste tube."

Because the Northern Hemisphere has significantly more landmass at middle to high latitudes than does the Southern Hemisphere, a far greater amount of snow falls on land in the northern half of our planet. As a result, more of Earth's water is locked up in snow and ice between November and February than during the rest of the year. In those months, global sea levels drop by almost half an inch, leaving less weight to push down on the ocean floor. "The resulting change in stress, we thought, might be able to trigger eruptions. Most volcanoes are located near edges of continents or are islands and so would be particularly susceptible," Mason says.

As snow, ice, and rainwater collect in the Northern Hemisphere during winter, the North Pole is pushed down a tenth of an inch. At the same time, the equator bulges out by half that much, and the entire Southern Hemisphere is pulled northward. In all, about one trillion tons of Earth's mass moves northward. "The strains are very small, much smaller than other types of strain on a local scale such as the effects of tides, but the seasonal strain is sustained over several months," Blewitt says. His paper appears to bolster Mason and Pyle's hunch that Earth's hydrologic cycle can deform the planet and perhaps nudge an unsteady volcano toward an eruption.

Michael Rampino of New York University found that some of the largest eruptions during the last 85,000 years have followed times of major climate upheaval and attendant sea-level fluctuations. Krakatau's legendary eruption in 1883 followed a decade of global cooling, for instance, as did the humongous 1912 eruption of Mount Katmai in Alaska.

[link to discovermagazine.com]

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Last Edited by Lamplite on 04/13/2012 07:00 PM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
Ice-albedo feedback

During times of global cooling, additional ice increases the reflectivity which reduces the absorption of solar radiation which results in more cooling in a continuing cycle. Considered a faster feedback mechanism.

[link to en.wikipedia.org]

GLOBAL DIMMING

It is the process by which the planet is cooled via the suns light not being able to reach the earth like it should because of things like excessive cloud cover volcanic ash etc here is the explanation.

[link to www.modernhippiemag.com]

CO 2 HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH GLOBAL WARMING.

Focusing on the transition from glacial to interglacial conditions during the period between 22,000 and 9,000 years ago, Monnin et al. (2001) found that the start of the CO2 increase lagged the start of the temperature increase by 800 years. An additional analysis of this most recent glacial/interglacial transition by Yokoyama et al. (2000), which has also been discussed by Clark and Mix (2000), revealed that a rapid rise in sea level, caused by the melting of land-based ice that began approximately 19,000 years ago, preceded the post-glacial rise in atmospheric CO2 concentration by about 3,000 years. Then, when the CO2 finally began to rise, it had to race to make up the difference; but it still took it a couple more thousand years to catch up with the sea level rise.

Lastly, Petit et al. (1999) have shown that during all of the glacial inceptions of the past half million years, temperature always dropped before the air's CO2 concentration declined; and their data indicate, in their own words, that "the CO2 decrease lags the temperature decrease by several thousand years." Clearly, therefore, changes in the air's CO2 content cannot be responsible for these major climate changes, for it would be a strange cause indeed that followed its effect!

[link to www.co2science.org]

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Last Edited by Lamplite on 04/13/2012 07:04 PM
northerntomcat

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04/13/2012 11:13 AM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
Live volcano web cams? here is a great site for them.

[link to webcams.volcanodiscovery.com]
If you cross country ski, start with a small country.
Lamplite (OP)

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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
Cosmic Rays

A greatly increased number of cosmic rays are getting through to Earth because our Sun’s magnetic poles, instead of reversing completely, have only rotated halfway and are now more or less lying sideways along the Sun’s equator. Scientists believe that this is due to the way in which the polarity changed during the last solar maximum. This weaker configuration of the magnetic shield is letting in two to three times more cosmic rays (stardust) than at the end of the 1990s. Moreover, this influx could increase by as much as ten times until the end of the current solar cycle in 2012. Solar cycles are approximately eleven years in length.

European Space Agency’s (ESA) Ulysses space probe data is finally making it possible to study how cosmic rays are distributed along the path of the Solar System through the local galactic environment. The space probe is showing us that a flood of dusty particles is heading our way. Astronomers think the current cosmic ray influx, apart from being favoured by the particular configuration of the Sun’s magnetic field, is also enhanced by the thickness of the interstellar clouds into which the Solar System is moving. Currently located at the edge of what astronomers call the local interstellar cloud, our Sun is joining our closest stellar neighbour Alpha Centauri in its dense cosmic ray cloud, which is less hot but denser than where we have been. (this info is a few years old we will we well into this cloud now)

It takes over 70 thousand years to traverse a typical galactic cloud, interestingly this is about the same period of time earth is usually in a glaciated state before the next interglacial period of 10,000 to 15,000 years of warmth returns. Press release 2003 Source: Artemis Society
The Earth’s magnetic field also shields the Earth from cosmic rays , which are radiation produced by astrophysical objects The magnetic field, which extends about 36,000 miles into space, is generated in the Earth’s core – a big ball of solid iron about 1,490 miles in diameter, surrounded by a sea of molten iron, 4,350 miles in diameter.

The magnetic field is not constant as it’s produced by this turbulent flow that’s deep in the Earth’s core. Magnetism trapped in ancient pottery shows that over the past 4,000 years, the magnetic field has weakened by more than 50%. Since people have been measuring, it has been steadily declining. The first measurements were taken about 150 years ago, since then, it’s declined not quite 10 percent. Which shows it is dropping rapidly, as the magnetic field wanes, the protective shield it provides shrinks, thus exposing satellites to damage from cosmic rays and charged particles coming from the sun. Even now satellites can be damaged, if not destroyed, because the protective shield is so weakened.

So there will be many more reflective clouds cooling the planet than previously and this explains Earth’s cooling trend which has been going on for about 4500 years now. The Earth was much warmer by over 6 degrees 4500 years ago.


This is interesting ...


The combined effect of orbital cycles cause long term changes in the amount of sunlight hitting the earth at different seasons, particularly at high latitudes. For example, around 18,000 years ago, there was an increase in the amount of sunlight hitting the Southern Hemisphere during the southern spring. This lead to retreating Antarctic sea ice and melting glaciers in the Southern Hemisphere.(Shemesh 2002). The ice loss had a positive feedback effect with less ice reflecting sunlight back into space (decreased albedo). This enhanced the warming.

As the Southern Ocean warms, the solubility of CO2 in water falls (Martin 2005). This causes the oceans to give up more CO2, emitting it into the atmosphere. The exact mechanism of how the deep ocean gives up its CO2 is not fully understood but believed to be related to vertical ocean mixing (Toggweiler 1999). The process takes around 800 to 1000 years, so CO2 levels are observed to rise around 1000 years after the initial warming (Monnin 2001, Mudelsee 2001).

[link to www.skepticalscience.com]


At present the opposite is happening ... having the opposite effect.


The Antarctic has had a steady temperature decrease since records began and has reached it's furthermost extent since records began.

[link to newsbusters.org]

The only piece of the Antarctic to show melting and ice breaking off has a huge active volcano underneath it.

[link to www.siu.edu]

.

Last Edited by Lamplite on 04/13/2012 07:07 PM
northerntomcat

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04/13/2012 11:27 AM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
Here is Erik Klemetti's eruptions blog link, he is IMO one of the best vulcanologist i have ever encountered.

[link to www.wired.com]

If you have any questions for him he will answer via his twitter account or on his blog enjoy.

[link to www.wired.com]
If you cross country ski, start with a small country.
Anonymous Coward
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04/13/2012 11:36 AM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
hidb
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04/13/2012 11:41 AM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
If it happens, it happens. Nothing we can do about it.
Anonymous Coward
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04/13/2012 11:43 AM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
If it happens, it happens. Nothing we can do about it.
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 13287524


moshpit
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04/13/2012 11:59 AM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
no wonder, Mt. Etna is coughing again too!

& ELEnin is baaaaaaaaaaaaaackkk [link to seismo.info]


5a
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04/13/2012 12:14 PM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
I hope we have a Toba eruption, but I will be satisfied if we have a Tambora eruption!

peace
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 1548221


Nobody would actually want this, it would kill billions.

We would all know it happened because the Earth would likely vibrate and the quake would be felt everywhere and the then the shock wave would go around and around the planet.
.
 Quoting: Lamplite


Is there a way to ensure it kills all the progressives, liberals, socialists, and Federal government employees?
Anonymous Coward
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04/13/2012 12:16 PM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
no wonder, Mt. Etna is coughing again too!

& ELEnin is baaaaaaaaaaaaaackkk [link to seismo.info]


5a
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 11788488


:eleninrocket:
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04/13/2012 12:19 PM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
no wonder, Mt. Etna is coughing again too!

& ELEnin is baaaaaaaaaaaaaackkk [link to seismo.info]


5a
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 11788488


ohyeah
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04/13/2012 12:22 PM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
I hope we have a Toba eruption, but I will be satisfied if we have a Tambora eruption!

peace
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 1548221


I would be happy just with a mere Yellowstone eruption.
Anonymous Coward
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04/13/2012 12:24 PM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
When can we blame North Korea or Iran??
Anonymous Coward
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04/13/2012 12:26 PM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
When can we blame North Korea or Iran??
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 1542483


oyesbutt
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04/13/2012 12:35 PM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
I hope we have a Toba eruption, but I will be satisfied if we have a Tambora eruption!

peace
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 1548221


I would be happy just with a mere Yellowstone eruption.
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 14137649


Then we would all move to Argentina
Anonymous Coward
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04/13/2012 12:37 PM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
bump
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04/13/2012 12:42 PM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
Thread: TOBA SUPERVOLACANO ERUPTION
Anonymous Coward
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04/13/2012 12:44 PM
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Re: Super Volcano about to explode? .... "Lake Toba" ... MEGA DOOOOM ???
I hope we have a Toba eruption, but I will be satisfied if we have a Tambora eruption!

peace
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 1548221


I would be happy just with a mere Yellowstone eruption.
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 14137649


Then we would all move to Argentina
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 924789


I have an spare bed somewhere. Gals welcome, dudes need not apply tounge

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