The thing that looks like a candlestick in the equation is PHI. This greek letter usually represents the Golden ratio.
PHI is also called “The golden mean”, “section aurea” or the “golden section”. It was discovered over two thousand years ago phi by Euclid because of it’s crucial role in the shape of the pentagram. It can be found just about anywhere if you look for it, you’ll see it.
The Golden ratio is the total length A + B is to the longer segment A as A is to the shorter segment B. Or A is 1.618 … times B and B is 1.618 … times C
It’s: 1 / n = n – 1
or even: 5 ^ .5 * .5 + .5 = Phi
or if you’d rather: (sqrt(5)+1)/2
During the renaissance, artists, architects and so on were encouraged to use the golden ratio, because it made things more appealing to look at. Luca Paciolias wrote “De Divina Proportione” which inspired everyone to go ahead and make use of it. a result you’ll see in in Leonardo Da Vinci’s work, especially in the Vitruvian manmini rdf Phi (named after Vitruvius) and even the Mona Lisamini rdf Phi. Salvador Dali also used it, you can see it all over “The sacrament of the last suppermini rdf Phi“.
The Acropolismini rdf Phi and the Pantheonmini rdf Phi are built to those proportions as are the pyramidsmini rdf Phi and the Great Mosque of Kairouanmini rdf Phi. The architects Mario Botta, Leon Battista Alberti and Le Corbusier all used it in their buildings.
Musicians like Chopin, Debussy, Bartok and Satie all used it in their music.
You can find in geometry be it triangles, pentagons, dendograms… The DNA double helixmini rdf Phi forms a decagon, which is basically 2 pentagons, so it’s there too. Even the DNA molecule has Phi in it.
The Fibonacci sequence is 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, . . .The approximate ratio of each successive pair of numbers is Phi, for example 13/8 is 1.625 and 5/3 is 1.666 for example. When you get to the 40th number apparently it’s accurate to 15 decimal places.
It’s even been used to predict stock market fluctuations. Stephen Wolfram (who is receiving a ton of press attention right now due to his new search engine being released in May) studied this at length. In fact he wrote a book called “A New Kind of Science” which covers it and there’s informationmini rdf Phi on his site as well. There’s also softwaremini rdf Phi designed to analyse the stock market based on Phi.
You’ll find it nature too, in sunflowers, broccoli, pineapples, pinecones, and flowers, leaves, fish, dolphins, even bugs.
It’s also all over the human body.
If the length of the hand has the value of 1,then the combined length of hand + forearm is Phi. The proportion of upper arm to hand + forearm is also Phi (approx.). Your mouth and nose are both found at golden sections of the distance between the eyes and the bottom of the chin. Measure the distance from your shoulder to fingertip divided by elbow to fingertip. Try measuring your full height divided by the distance from your bellybutton to the ground.
In fact the closer that your body comes to it, the more "beautiful" you will appear. Apparently most supermodels bodies are very close to that ratio and one man's face in humanity, is just an absolute complex set of PHI ratios in every whay. That person is Tom Cruise and it is argued why women absolutely swoon over him.