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Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”

 
Anonymous Coward
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06/11/2012 11:14 PM
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Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
There it is. Bigger than Chernobyl.

~





Total releases greater than Chernobyl

The results obtained for the total release of Xe-133 was 15.3 EBq (uncertainty range 12.2-18.3, EBq – 1018 Bq), more than 2 x total release from Chernobyl (Chernobyl total was 5.2 EBq) and “likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”. This took place between 11 and 15 March 2011. In fact, the release is greater than the entire estimated Xe-133 inventory of the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear plant, and is explained by the decay of I-133 (half-life 20.8h) into Xe-133. There is strong evidence that Xe-133 release started before the first active venting was made, possibly from structural damage to reactor components and/or leaks due to excessive pressure inside the reactor.
Anonymous Coward (OP)
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06/11/2012 11:18 PM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
Fukushima Fallout Rivals Chernobyl

State-of-the-art analysis based on the most inclusive datasets available reveals that radioactive fallout from the Fukushima meltdown is at least as big as Chernobyl and more global in reach Dr. Mae-Wan Ho

Please circulate widely and repost, but you must give the URL of the original and preserve all the links back to articles on our website. If you find this report useful, please support ISIS by subscribing to our magazine Science in Society, and encourage your friends to do so. Or have a look at the ISIS bookstore for other publications

[link to www.i-sis.org.uk]


[snip]

To make the best use of the available information and data, an international team led by Andreas Stohl at the Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU) applied state-of-the-art atmospheric dispersion models to optimise the fit between the model calculations (simulations) and the observed measurements, thereby to obtain the most reliable source term. This top-down approach, called inverse modelling, was earlier used to make estimates of the Chernobyl source term. And members of the team have previously developed an inverse modelling method for volcanic eruptions and greenhouse gas emissions.

A first guess of release rates were based on fuel inventories and documented accident events at the site based on information provided by the Japanese government’s report [7]. The first guess was subsequently improved by inverse modelling, which combined the results of an atmospheric transport model, FLEXPART, and measurement data from several dozen stations in Japan, North America and other regions.

The simulation was driven with three-hourly operational meteorological data from two different sources: The European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) analyses, and the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Global Forecast System (GFS) analyses.
Anonymous Coward (OP)
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06/11/2012 11:20 PM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
[snip]

The results obtained for the total release of Xe-133 was 15.3 EBq (uncertainty range 12.2-18.3, EBq – 1018 Bq), more than 2 x total release from Chernobyl (Chernobyl total was 5.2 EBq) and “likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”. This took place between 11 and 15 March 2011.

~
Anonymous Coward (OP)
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06/11/2012 11:23 PM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
There is much more info at the link. Dispersion models and such. The real truth about the emissions is coming out despite the efforts to obscure and deflect.

This will be all over the web tomorrow.

~
Anonymous Coward
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06/11/2012 11:23 PM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
That's funny, hasn't Atom-Boy been sayin' the exact opposite all along?

When everyone told him how bad it was, he asked us for proof. I knew we'd get it sooner or later, but too late to help.

And here we are now.
Anonymous Coward (OP)
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06/11/2012 11:32 PM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
[snip]

It may have seemed fortunate that westerly winds prevailed during most of the accident to carry the radioactive plume offshore. But exactly during and following the period of the strongest Cs-137 releases on 14 and 15 March, as well as after another period with strong emissions on 19 March, the radioactive plume was carried over Eastern Honshu Island, where rain deposited a large fraction of Cs-137 on the land.

~

On 14 March, a cyclone developed over southern Japan, and this coincided with a period of very high emissions from ventings and explosions of unit 2, unit 3 and in the spent-fuel pool of unit 4. (Details of the release events are given in an Appendix of the paper]

~

A first radionuclide cloud ahead of the main plume containing only Xe-133 was transported rapidly across the North Pacific at low altitudes and arrived in western North America on 15 March (Figure 3). The first radioactive cloud skimmed along the North American seaboard because a large cyclone over the Eastern Pacific produced a southerly flow along the coastline. It was nevertheless detected at Richland, Washington State in USA. The main part of the radioactive cloud entered western North America on 17-18 March and could be detected by monitoring sites there (
Anonymous Coward (OP)
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06/11/2012 11:34 PM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
That's funny, hasn't Atom-Boy been sayin' the exact opposite all along?

When everyone told him how bad it was, he asked us for proof. I knew we'd get it sooner or later, but too late to help.

And here we are now.
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 17556612


Yeah. He has lost one of his main arguments. Been kinda subdued, lately.

~
Anonymous Coward (OP)
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06/11/2012 11:38 PM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
[snip]

On 18 March, high levels of both Xe-133 and Cs-137 can be found over the eastern Pacific Ocean and western North America. This part of the cloud was still close to the surface south of 50º. The high altitude head of the cloud with lower levels of Cs-137 had already arrived over the North Atlantic. At the same time, the radioactive cloud penetrated the subtropics and arrived at Hawaii on 19 March.

~

From the Xe-133 maps (Figure 3), it can be seen that already, by 18 March, the highly radioactive plume had engulfed much of western and central North America from Canada to the USA, with radioactivity ranging well over 1 000 to 100 000 Bq or more. Some of this could be easily have been inhaled by the inhabitants.

By 22 March, contaminated air from Fukushima had circled the Northern Hemisphere and reached both the tropics as well as the polar regions (Figs. 3 and 4). Even though enhanced surface concentrations were still limited to small parts of the Northern Hemisphere, this changed quickly. In April, all measurement stations recorded an enhanced background of Xe-133. Even the Australian station Darwin started registering enhanced Xe-133 in April.

~

So much for 'On The Beach'.

huffy
Anonymous Coward (OP)
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06/11/2012 11:42 PM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
Sso.. looks like Oz is not going to be a refuge, after all. A little over a month for the contamination to reach.

~
Anonymous Coward (OP)
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06/11/2012 11:46 PM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
[snip]

These results for only two of the main radionuclides already added up to nearly 15 times the total radioactivity in the latest TEPCO estimates [8] of just over 1 EBq. If we take the amount of Cs-134 as equal to 36.6 PBq (same as for Cs-137 when measured [6]), and add the value of 500 PBq for I-131 given by TEPCO for releases into the atmosphere, as well as the rest released into the ocean (18.1 PBq), we arrive at a total of 16.0532 EBq. This is certainly more than the estimated total of 14 EBq released in Chernobyl according to the World Nuclear Association

~

Tepco wrong again..

~
Anonymous Coward
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06/11/2012 11:50 PM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
That's funny, hasn't Atom-Boy been sayin' the exact opposite all along?

When everyone told him how bad it was, he asked us for proof. I knew we'd get it sooner or later, but too late to help.

And here we are now.
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 17556612


Yup

Thread: "Stop Comparing Fukushima to Chernobyl"
Anonymous Coward (OP)
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06/11/2012 11:54 PM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
[snip]

The estimates are the best available based on still very incomplete information. In their closing remarks, the authors pointed out that the data collected for the analysis come from various sources, none of which is available to the public [4]. They speculated that more useful data sets were not even accessible to the research team; stating: “Institutions having produced relevant measurement data should make them freely available,” and calling for a central data repository to be created. The analysis has only derived the source terms for two important radionuclides, and work needs to be done on others, notably I-131. This is absolutely necessary to address and mitigate the health impacts of the Fukushima catastrophe already unfolding.

The reluctance of officials to disclose information in the early days of the disaster has meant that iodine tablets were not distributed to people in the most highly contaminated areas, with the result that 44.5 % of the children showed radioactive contamination of up to 35 mSv in their thyroid gland; and an examination of more than 38 000 children in Fukushima prefecture found cysts in 35 % of the children’s thyroid gland (see [5]).

The excess deaths in the US observed by Mangano and Sherman in the 14 weeks following the accident do coincide with the arrival of high levels of radioactivity (in X-133) by day 5 (Figure 3), and by day 10 engulfed the whole of North America in both X-133 and Cs-137 (Figures 3 and 4). They wrote in the conclusion of their report [1]: “It is critical that research should proceed with all due haste, as answers are essential to early diagnosis and treatment for exposed people, particularly the children and the very young.”

The need for systematic monitoring, data-sharing, and research applies across the globe; as the available data already demonstrate, the disease burden will not be restricted to Japan.

~


Time to shit or get off the pot, medical establishment.

~

Mangano report:

Medical Journal Article: 14,000 U.S. Deaths Tied to Fukushima Reactor Disaster Fallout
[link to www.prnewswire.com]

~
Anonymous Coward (OP)
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06/11/2012 11:56 PM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
Thanks for the pin mods.. banana2

Important development.

~
~Una~

User ID: 11859877
New Zealand
06/11/2012 11:57 PM

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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
It is important indeed.
This 'reality' is a holographic simulation. It exists only in your mind, but all your senses tell you otherwise. It is a prison controlled and created by the annunaki, but the walls are falling and people are waking. Thread: Hello Gods and Goddesses (Page 140)
Anonymous Coward
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06/11/2012 11:57 PM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
Thanks for posting WB! hf
Spittin'Cesium

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06/11/2012 11:59 PM

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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
Very noble of the Japanese indeed.
The thing that hath been,
is That which shall be;
and that which is done is that which shall be done:and there is no new thing under the Sun.
Ecclesiastes 9:1
Spittin'Cesium

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06/12/2012 12:00 AM

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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
Very noble of the Japanese indeed.
 Quoting: Spittin'Cesium


Sorry,not the Japanese but TEPCO.

Luv to the Japanese.
The thing that hath been,
is That which shall be;
and that which is done is that which shall be done:and there is no new thing under the Sun.
Ecclesiastes 9:1
Anonymous Coward
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06/12/2012 12:04 AM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
Anonymous Coward (OP)
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06/12/2012 12:07 AM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
Thanks for posting WB! hf
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 2674991


How did you know it was me? Thought I was on the down low..chuckle
Some people think I pick on tepco too much..

~
Anonymous Coward (OP)
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06/12/2012 12:08 AM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
Very noble of the Japanese indeed.
 Quoting: Spittin'Cesium


Sorry,not the Japanese but TEPCO.

Luv to the Japanese.
 Quoting: Spittin'Cesium


^^^^^^^^^this
Spittin'Cesium

User ID: 14589973
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06/12/2012 12:09 AM

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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
Thanks for posting WB! hf
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 2674991


How did you know it was me? Thought I was on the down low..chuckle
Some people think I pick on tepco too much..

~
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 1295673


This ~ kinda' gives it away WB : )
The thing that hath been,
is That which shall be;
and that which is done is that which shall be done:and there is no new thing under the Sun.
Ecclesiastes 9:1
Anonymous Coward
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06/12/2012 12:12 AM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
Well it will just melt more ice at the north and south pole and i have read theorys that it also heats earths core. I feel bad for animals and children they dont deserve this.!

[link to www.greaterthings.com]
Eggifer

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06/12/2012 12:13 AM

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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
thanks for the info. right before bed. I'll sleep well

just kiddin...thanks for sharing! we are all doomed.
Abba Zabba Zoom
Anonymous Coward (OP)
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06/12/2012 12:13 AM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
Here is the good news.. not so good for japan..

~


[snip]

Altogether, an estimated 6.4 PBq of Cs-137, or 18 % of the total fallout until 20 April were deposited over Japanese land areas, while most of the rest fell over the North Pacific Ocean. Only 0.7 PBq or 1.9 % of the total fallout was deposited on land areas other than Japan.
Anonymous Coward (OP)
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06/12/2012 12:16 AM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
Thanks for posting WB! hf
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 2674991


How did you know it was me? Thought I was on the down low..chuckle
Some people think I pick on tepco too much..

~
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 1295673


This ~ kinda' gives it away WB : )
 Quoting: Spittin'Cesium


Must be.. oh well, not very good at the double-naught spy game, am I?.. ;)

~
astor
"You will find that I am Kind"

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06/12/2012 12:16 AM

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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
[link to www.youtube.com]


good show here...alot of info. aired a few days ago
1st guest: Arnie Gundersun latest interview

Last Edited by astor on 06/12/2012 02:12 AM
citizenperth
FUKUSHIMA, GLPTARD 24/7/365

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06/12/2012 12:22 AM

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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
where's AB with a lyrical and nonsensical refute???

we knew there was data, we followed the crumbs, we saw the videos....

Last Edited by Citizenperth on 06/12/2012 12:22 AM
It's life as we know it, but only just.
My Fukushima Site:
[link to citizenperth.wordpress.com]
sic ut vos es vos should exsisto , denego alius vicis facio vos change , exsisto youself , proprie

GLP's best Fuku thread: Thread: *** Fukushima *** and other nuclear-----updates and links
twitter: @citizenperth
“If I had an hour to solve a problem and my life depended on it, I would use the first 55 minutes determining the proper question to ask, for once I knew the proper question, I could solve the problem in less than five minutes.”
- Albert Einstein
Spittin'Cesium

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06/12/2012 12:25 AM

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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
where's AB with a lyrical and nonsensical refute???

we knew there was data, we followed the crumbs, we saw the videos....
 Quoting: citizenperth


And ate the Cheese.
The thing that hath been,
is That which shall be;
and that which is done is that which shall be done:and there is no new thing under the Sun.
Ecclesiastes 9:1
Anonymous Coward (OP)
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06/12/2012 12:25 AM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
Well, I guess if a person was not aware during the period of the plume dispersion and fallout, one could retrace his steps and decide if he were exposed more than briefly to the fallout.

Outside workers, sportsmen, hikers, joggers etc., anyone outside a lot during that period, should be conscious of any health issues that could be linked to the fallout.

The same could be said for any person working or caught in the rain during the same time, and since, for that matter. There are still radioisotopes in the atmosphere that are brought to the ground in rain.

~
citizenperth
FUKUSHIMA, GLPTARD 24/7/365

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Australia
06/12/2012 12:28 AM

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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
Well, I guess if a person was not aware during the period of the plume dispersion and fallout, one could retrace his steps and decide if he were exposed more than briefly to the fallout.

Outside workers, sportsmen, hikers, joggers etc., anyone outside a lot during that period, should be conscious of any health issues that could be linked to the fallout.

The same could be said for any person working or caught in the rain during the same time, and since, for that matter. There are still radioisotopes in the atmosphere that are brought to the ground in rain.

~
 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 1295673


exactly... 60 day earthbound merry-go-round....
It's life as we know it, but only just.
My Fukushima Site:
[link to citizenperth.wordpress.com]
sic ut vos es vos should exsisto , denego alius vicis facio vos change , exsisto youself , proprie

GLP's best Fuku thread: Thread: *** Fukushima *** and other nuclear-----updates and links
twitter: @citizenperth
“If I had an hour to solve a problem and my life depended on it, I would use the first 55 minutes determining the proper question to ask, for once I knew the proper question, I could solve the problem in less than five minutes.”
- Albert Einstein
Anonymous Coward
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06/12/2012 12:33 AM
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Re: Fukushima-Daiichi .. "“likely the largest radioactive noble gas release in history”
"This took place between 11 and 15 March 2011..."


So...they are only counting the rads emitted in the first four days?????


What about everything that has been emitted since then?

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