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Was the 16th Amendment ever ratified??

 
Ricker
User ID: 368822
United States
02/13/2008 11:57 PM
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Was the 16th Amendment ever ratified??
Is this true????



On January 10, 2008, the Federal District Court in Chicago issued a permanent injunction against me on the grounds that I was falsely telling people the 16th Amendment was not ratified. The Court refused to look at the evidence of the non-ratification of the 16th Amendment, deciding the facts to prove my statement was true were "irrelevant," What has America come to when the government can accuse you of lying and prohibit you from presenting a defense in a so called court of law? My attorney, Jeffrey A. Dickstein, will be filing an appeal to the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals. I urge you to review the pleadings filed in this case so you can see for yourself the tyranny being practiced in our courts.



The Premise

The authority of the federal government to collect its income tax depends upon the 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, the federal income tax amendment, which was allegedly ratified in 1913. After a year of extensive research, Bill Benson discovered that the 16th Amendment was not ratified by the required 3/4 of the states, but nevertheless Secretary of State Philander Knox fraudulently announced ratification.


Watch the Benson Video
Text of the 16th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America:

"The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration."



SHERRY JACKSON CONVICTED UNDER WHAT LAW?

Sherry Jackson convicted, click here for the full story.



CHECK OUT ALL THESE TAX CHEATS!

Talk about the tax cheats and tax protestors. Here they are read and ask questions, write to these departments to find out why they believe that they are above the law. Click here for the list!

ALL OF THE BRIEFS FILED IN THE BENSON CASE!

Please check out Jeffrey A Dickstein's website and please make a donation for the on going historic litigation in Federal Court in Chicago, IL. [link to jeffdickstein.com]

THE NEW BRIEF- Benson's Reply - Read the Latest!
Jeffrey A Dickstein, counsel for Bill Benson, submits Benson's reply to the government's brief in opposition to his motion to strike. Read the brief by clicking here.

The Brief- Benson's move to strike!
Jeffrey A Dickstein, counsel for Bill Benson, submits a new brief to strike down key government responses. Read the brief by clicking here.

The Brief- Local Rule 56.1
The Government responds to Bill Benson's Local Rule 56.1
Statement of Material Facts. Read the brief by clicking here.

The Brief- Local Rule 56
Benson’s points and authorities in support of his
motion to strike and motion to have facts deemed admitted
Read the brief by clicking here.

The Brief- The Government Response
Read the brief by clicking here.

The Article- The Judge!
Devvy Kidd writes how the Judge in the Benson case ignores the Seveth Circuit Ruling. Read the news article by clicking here.

The Brief -The Law of Opposition.
Jeffrey A Dickstein, counsel for Bill Benson, submits his memorandum of Law in Opposition to the United States. Read the brief by clicking here.

Click Here To Read More Briefs and Articles.



Would you like to help in this fight for justice? Send a donation to help with the legal fees that fighting the federal government incurs. Click here to learn how.

Bill would like to thank those that have contributed or shown support in the fight against fraudulent taxation.

The Discovery

Article V of the U.S. Constitution specifies the ratification process, and requires 3/4 of the States to ratify any amendment proposed by Congress. There were 48 States in the American Union in 1913, meaning that affirmative action of 36 states was required for ratification. In February, 1913, Secretary of State Philander Knox issued a proclamation claiming that 38 states had ratified the amendment.

In 1984, William J. Benson began a research project, never before performed, to investigate the process of ratification of the 16th Amendment. After traveling to the capitols of the New England states, and reviewing the journals of the state legislative bodies, he saw that many states had not ratified the Amendment. Continuing his research at the National Archives in Washington, DC, Bill Benson discovered his Golden Key. This damning piece of evidence is a 16 page memorandum from the Solicitor of the Department of State, whose duty is the provision of legal opinions for the use of the Secretary of State. In this memorandum sent to the Secretary of State, the Solicitor of the Department of State lists the many errors he found in the ratification process!

The 4 states listed below are among the 38 states that Philander Knox claimed ratification from.

* The Kentucky Senate voted upon the resolution, but rejected it by a vote of 9 in favor and 22 opposed.
* The Oklahoma Senate amended the language of the 16th Amendment to have a precisely opposite meaning.
* The California legislative assembly never recorded any vote upon any proposal to adopt the amendment proposed by Congress.
* The State of Minnesota sent nothing to the Secretary of State in Washington.

When his year long project was finished at the end of 1984, Bill had visited every state capitol and knew that not a single state had actually and legally ratified the proposal to amend the Constitution. 33 states engaged in the unauthorized activity of amending the language of the amendment proposed by congress, a power the states do not possess. Since 36 states were needed for ratification, the failure of 13 to ratify would be fatal to the amendment, and this occurs within the major (first three) defects tabulated in Defects in Ratification of the 16th Amendment. Even if we were to ignore defects of spelling, capitalization, and punctuation, we would still have only 2 states which successfully ratified.
A_G1RL

User ID: 273050
United States
02/14/2008 12:02 AM
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Re: Was the 16th Amendment ever ratified??
Ohio was not legally a state until the 1950's. It was actually the 48th state, not the 17th.

Ohio could not technically then sign off on this thing as a state.
Yes, this is me ... [link to soundcloud.com (secure)]
Anonymous Coward (OP)
User ID: 368822
United States
02/14/2008 12:08 AM
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Re: Was the 16th Amendment ever ratified??
So the question of how income and wages is defined is irrelevant. The real question is, was this Amendment even passed into law??
Halcyon Dayz
Contrarian's Contrarian

User ID: 337024
Netherlands
02/14/2008 04:02 AM

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Re: Was the 16th Amendment ever ratified??
Ratified by (at least) 41 states. So it's law.
[link to en.wikipedia.org]

Ohio was not legally a state until the 1950's. It was actually the 48th state, not the 17th.

Ohio could not technically then sign off on this thing as a state.
 Quoting: A_G1RL

Don't you just love the quirks of history.
book
Hatred is a cancer upon the world.
It rots the mind and blackens the heart.


Hi! My name is Halcyon Dayz and I'm addicted to morans.
Ricker (OP)
User ID: 368822
United States
02/14/2008 09:38 PM
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Re: Was the 16th Amendment ever ratified??
Ratified by (at least) 41 states. So its law.
[link to en.wikipedia.org]


Ohio was not legally a state until the 1950's. It was actually the 48th state, not the 17th.

Ohio could not technically then sign off on this thing as a state.

Don't you just love the quirks of history.
book
 Quoting: Halcyon Dayz


This is the shadiest shit I've ever heard. These aren't even legal terms


The Socialist Labor Party advocated for a graduated income tax in 1887.[12] The Populist Party "demanded a graduated income tax" in their 1892 platform.[13] The Democratic Party, led by William Jennings Bryan, advocated the income tax law passed in 1894,[14] and proposed an income tax in their 1908 platform.[15] Democratic Congressman Benton McMillan accused the Republicans of extravagant government spending and excessive reliance on tariffs for revenue.[citation needed] President Taft proposed a constitutional amendment in an address to Congress to allow federal income taxes on individuals and an excise tax "upon the privilege of doing business as an artificial entity and of freedom from a general partnership liability enjoyed by those who own the stock" on June 16, 1909.[16][17]

The resolution proposing the Sixteenth Amendment was passed by the Sixty-first Congress and submitted to legislatures of the several states on July 12, 1909. Support for the income tax was strongest in the western states, and opposition was strongest in the northeastern states.[18] The governor of New York, Charles Evans Hughes, who a few years later became a Supreme Court justice, opposed the income tax amendment because he believed "from whatever source derived" implied that passage would confer the federal government with the power to tax state and municipal bonds and thus excessively centralize government power.[19]

The presidential election of 1912 was contested between three advocates of an income tax.[20] On February 25, 1913, the Secretary of State Philander Knox proclaimed that the amendment had been ratified by the necessary three-quarters of the states, and thus had become part of the Constitution. An income tax, the Revenue Act of 1913 was shortly passed by Congress.

According to the United States Government Printing Office, the following states ratified the amendment:[21]
NightWisp

User ID: 372595
United States
02/14/2008 10:27 PM

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Re: Was the 16th Amendment ever ratified??
Devvy Kidd has done research in this area. Look at her info.
The Good Reverend Roger

User ID: 330206
United States
02/14/2008 10:28 PM
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Re: Was the 16th Amendment ever ratified??
So stop paying taxes.

See what happens.

What, did you think you live in a free country?

HAW HAW! WRONG AGAIN!
HORRIBLE BASTARD.

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