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Earth's Interior a Lot Like Chunky Peanut Butter

 
Research
User ID: 142547
Canada
05/02/2008 05:07 PM
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Earth's Interior a Lot Like Chunky Peanut Butter
Friday, May 02, 2008

o

AAAS/Science


You know Earth's schematic: core, mantle, crust, right? Sorry, not so simple.

Like the gooey center of a chocolate morsel harboring peanut butter and honey, inner Earth is far more nuanced than outward appearances would suggest.

A new model is proposed in the May 2 issue of the journal Science.


Earth is made up of several layers, once thought to be pretty distinct.

The skin, or crust, goes down about 25 miles (40 km). Below that is the mantle area, which extends about halfway to the center of the planet.

The mantle is a thick layer of silicate rock surrounding a dense, iron-nickel core, and it is subdivided into the upper and lower mantle, extending to a depth of about 1,800 miles (2,900 km).


The outer core is beneath that and extends to 3,200 miles (5,150 km) and the inner core to about 4,000 miles (6,400 km).

New data reveal the mantle consists of more varying material than was thought. So convection — how heated material bubbles upward — is now thought to work differently.

"Imagine a pot of water boiling," explains researcher Allen McNamara of Arizona State University. "That would be all one kind of composition.

"Now dump a jar of honey into that pot of water," he adds. "The honey would be convecting on its own inside the water, and that's a much more complicated system."

One clue to the new thinking is that seismic waves traveling through the planet have long been measured to travel at inexplicably different speeds. Sharp speed changes suggest differing materials.

On each side of the planet there are two big, chemically distinct, dense piles or blobs of material that are hundreds of kilometers thick — one beneath the Pacific and the other below the Atlantic and Africa, the researchers say.

"You can picture these piles like peanut butter," McNamara said. "It is solid rock, but rock under very high pressures and temperatures becomes soft like peanut butter, so any stresses will cause it to flow."

How stuff moves within the piles should help scientists better understand how surface plates move around, causing earthquakes and building mountains.

"The piles dictate how the convective cycles happen, how the currents circulate," McNamara said. "If you don't have piles, then convection will be completely different." [link to www.foxnews.com]

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joe sixpack
User ID: 418027
Mexico
05/02/2008 05:24 PM
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Re: Earth's Interior a Lot Like Chunky Peanut Butter
Total bunk. No one has ever BEEN to the earth's mantle, so no one really knows. Don't tell me these are facts, these are theories. The theory that the earth is full of magma simply comes from the fact that lava comes out of volcanoes. Ergo, the earth must be full of lava. We just call it magma until it comes out.

This is like saying, because pus comes out of those zits on your face that you are picking while reading this, obviously your entire body is filled with pus! We just call it magma until it comes out.

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