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. After these in the fourth quarter are the winds to the west. From the first gate, inclining northwards, proceed dew, rain, frost, cold, snow, and chill; from the middle gate proceed rain, health, and blessing;
11. And from the last gate, which is southwards, proceed drought, destruction, scorching, and perdition.
12. The account of the twelve gates of the four quarters of heaven is ended.
13. All their laws, all their infliction of punishment, and the health produced by them, have I explained to thee, my son Mathusala.
1. The first wind is called the eastern, because it is the first.
2. The second is called the south, because the Most High there descends, and frequently there descends he who is blessed for ever.
3. The western wind has the name of diminution, because there all the luminaries of heaven are diminished, and descend.
4. The fourth wind, which is named the north, is divided into three parts; one of which is for the habitation of man; another for seas of water, with valleys, woods, rivers, shady places, and snow; and the third part contains paradise.
5. Seven high mountains I beheld, higher than all the mountains of the earth, from which frost proceeds; while days, seasons, and years depart and pass away.
6. Seven rivers I beheld upon earth, greater than all rivers, one of which takes its course from the west; into a great sea its water flows.
7. Two come from the north to the sea, their waters flowing into the Erythræan sea, on the east. And with respect to the remaining four, they take their course in the cavity of the north, two to their sea, the Erythræan sea, and two are poured into a great sea, where also it is said there is a desert.
8. Seven great islands I saw in the sea and on the earth. Seven in the great sea.LXXVII
CHAP. LXXVII.1. The names of the sun are these: one Aryares, the other Tomas.
2. The moon has four names. The first is Asonya; the second, Ebla; the third, Benase; and the fourth, Erae.
3. These are the two great luminaries, whose orbs are as the orbs of heaven; and the dimensions of both are equal.
4. In the orb of the sun there is a seventh portion of light, which is added to it from the moon. By measure it is put in, until a seventh portion of the light of the sun is departed. They set, enter into the western gate, circuit by the north, and through the eastern gate go forth over the face of heaven.
5. When the moon rises, it appears in heaven; and the half of a seventh portion of light is all which is in it.
6. In fourteen days the whole of its light is completed.
7. By three quintuples light is put into it, until in fifteen days its light is completed, according to the signs of the year; it has three quintuples.
8. The moon has the half of a seventh portion.
9. During its diminution on the first day its light decreases a fourteenth part; on the second day it decreases a thirteenth part; on the third day a twelfth part; on the fourth day an eleventh part; on the fifth day a tenth part; on the sixth day a ninth part; on the seventh day it decreases an eighth part; on the eighth day it decreases a seventh part; on the ninth day it decreases a sixth part; on the tenth day it decreases a fifth part; on the eleventh day it decreases a fourth part; on the twelfth day it decreases a third part; on the thirteenth day it decreases a second part; on the fourteenth day it decreases a half of its seventh part; and on the fifteenth day the whole remainder of its light is consumed.
10. On stated months the moon has twenty-nine days.
11. It also has a period of twenty-eight days.
12. Uriel likewise showed me another regulation, when light is poured into the moon, how it is poured into it from the sun.
13. All the time that the moon is in progress
with its light, it is poured into it in the presence of the sun, until its light is in fourteen days completed in heaven.
14. And when it is wholly extinguished, its light is consumed in heaven; and on the first day it is called the new moon, for on that day light is received into it.
15. It becomes precisely completed on the day that the sun descends into the west, while the moon ascends at night from the east.
16. The moon then shines all the night, until the sun rises before it; when the moon disappears in turn before the sun.
17. Where light comes to the moon, there again it decreases, until all its light is extinguished, and the days of the moon pass away.
18. Then its orb remains solitary without light.
19. During three months it effects in thirty days each month its period; and during three more months it effects it in twenty-nine days each. These are the times in which it effects its decrease in its first period, and in the first gate, namely, in one hundred and seventy-seven days.
20. And at the time of its going forth during three months it appears thirty days each, and during three more months it appears twenty-nine days each.
21. In the night it appears for each twenty days
as the face of a man, and in the day as heaven; for it is nothing else except its light.
1. And now, my son Mathusala, I have shown thee everything; and the account of every ordinance of the stars of heaven is finished.
2. He showed me every ordinance respecting these, which takes place at all times and in all seasons under every influence, in all years, at the arrival and under the rule of each, during every month and every week. He showed me also the decrease of the moon, which is effected in the sixth gate; for in that sixth gate is its light consumed.
3. From this is the beginning of the month; and its decrease is effected in the sixth gate in its period, until a hundred and seventy-seven days are completed; according to the mode of computation by weeks, 1 twenty-five weeks and two days.
4. Its period is less than that of the sun, according to the ordinance of the stars, by five days in one half year 2 precisely.5. When that their visible situation is completed. Such is the appearance and likeness of every luminary, which Thiel, the great angel who conducts them, showed to me.
1. In those days Uriel
answered and said to me, Behold, I have showed thee all things, O Enoch;