Godlike Productions - Conspiracy Forum
Users Online Now: 2,233 (Who's On?)Visitors Today: 1,097,646
Pageviews Today: 1,404,525Threads Today: 346Posts Today: 5,943
11:36 AM


Rate this Thread

Absolute BS Crap Reasonable Nice Amazing
 

In Light of Todays Events: The Samson Option

 
Don't Forget
User ID: 465094
United States
07/09/2008 11:06 AM
Report Abusive Post
Report Copyright Violation
In Light of Todays Events: The Samson Option
The Samson Option is a term used to describe Israel’s alleged deterrence strategy of massive retaliation with nuclear weapons as a “last resort” against nations whose military attacks threaten its existence, and possibly against other targets as well.[1] Israel refuses to admit it has nuclear weapons or describe how it would use them, an official policy of nuclear ambiguity, also known as "nuclear opacity." This has made it difficult for anyone outside the Israeli government to definitively describe its true nuclear policy, while still allowing Israel to influence the perceptions, strategies and actions of other governments.[2]

As early as 1976, the CIA believed that Israel possessed 10 to 20 nuclear weapons.[3] By 2002 it was estimated that the number had increased to between 75 and 200 nuclear weapons.[4] Kenneth S. Brower has estimated as many as 400 nuclear weapons.[5] These can be launched from land, sea and air.[6] This gives Israel a second strike option even if much of the country is destroyed.[7]

The term "Samson Option" has also been used more generally in reference to Israel's nuclear program.[8] Commentators have also used the term in reference to situations where non-nuclear actors, such as Saddam Hussein[9], Yassir Arafat[10] and Hezbollah[11] threatened conventional weapons retaliation, and even to United States President George W. Bush's foreign policy.

The original conception of the Samson Option was only as deterrence. According to US journalist Seymour Hersh and Israeli historian Avner Cohen, Israeli leaders like David Ben-Gurion, Shimon Peres, Levi Eshkol and Moshe Dayan created the term in the mid-1960s. They named it after the Biblical figure Samson, who is said to have pushed apart the pillars of a Philistine temple, bringing down the roof and killing himself and thousands of Philistines who had gathered to see him humiliated. They contrasted it with ancient siege of Masada where 936 Jewish Sicarii greatly outnumbered by Roman legions committed mass suicide rather than be defeated and enslaved by the Romans.[13]

Although nuclear weapons were viewed as the ultimate guarantor of Israeli security, as early as the 1960s the country avoided building its military around them, instead pursuing absolute conventional superiority so as to forestall a last resort nuclear engagement.[14]

Seymour Hersh writes that the "surprising victory of Menachem Begin's Likud Party in the May 1977 national elections...brought to power a government that was even more committed than Labor to the Samson Option and the necessity of an Israeli nuclear arsenal."[15]

Louis René Beres, a professor of Political Science at Purdue University, chaired Project Daniel, a group advising Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, argues in that paper and elsewhere that the effective deterrence of the Samson Option would be increased by ending the policy of nuclear ambiguity.[16] In a 2004 article he recommends Israel use the Samson Option threat to “support conventional preemptions” against enemy nuclear and non-nuclear assets because “without such weapons, Israel, having to rely entirely upon nonnuclear forces, might not be able to deter enemy retaliations for the Israeli preemptive strike.”[17]

In 2003, Martin Van Creveld, a professor of military history at Israel’s Hebrew University thought that the Al-Aqsa Intifada then in progress threatened Israel's existence[18] as saying "I consider it all hopeless at this point. ... We have the capability to take the world down with us. And I can assure you that that will happen, before Israel goes under." He quoted General Moshe Dayan: "Israel must be like a mad dog, too dangerous to bother."

[link to en.wikipedia.org]
Delilah
User ID: 465331
United States
07/09/2008 11:16 AM
Report Abusive Post
Report Copyright Violation
Re: In Light of Todays Events: The Samson Option
"Israel must be like a mad dog, too dangerous to bother."

Too many mad dogs in this world...survival of the species might dictate putting some down.
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 16673400
United States
03/17/2013 05:19 PM
Report Abusive Post
Report Copyright Violation
Re: In Light of Todays Events: The Samson Option
bump
Anonymous Coward
User ID: 46459297
Italy
09/07/2013 09:43 AM
Report Abusive Post
Report Copyright Violation
Re: In Light of Todays Events: The Samson Option
Bump.

News