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United States Patent 5,213,562
Monroe May 25, 1993
Method of inducing mental, emotional and physical states of consciousness, including specific mental activity, in human beings
A method having applicability in replication of desired consciousness states; in the training of an individual to replicate such a state of consciousness without further audio stimulation; and in the transferring of such states from one human being to another through the imposition of one individual's EEG, superimposed on desired stereo signals, on another individual, by inducement of a binaural beat phenomenon.
Inventors: Monroe; Robert A. (Nelson County, VA)
Assignee: Interstate Industries Inc. (Faber, VA)
Appl. No.: 514460
Filed: April 25, 1990
Current U.S. Class: 600/28; 600/545
Intern'l Class: A61M 021/00
Field of Search: 600/26-28 128/731-732,905
Some US Patents: Subliminal Suggestion & Mind Control
100 US Patent Abstracts:
USP # 6,506,148 (January 14, 2003)
Nervous System Manipulation by EM Fields from Monitors
Abstract: Physiological effects have been observed in a human subject in response to stimulation of the skin with weak electromagnetic fields that are pulsed with certain frequencies near 1/2 Hz or 2.4 Hz, such as to excite
a sensory resonance. Many computer monitors and TV tubes, when displaying pulsed images, emit pulsed electromagnetic fields of sufficient amplitudes to cause such excitation. It is therefore possible to manipulate the nervous system of a subject by pulsing images displayed on a nearby computer monitor or TV set. For the latter, the image pulsing may be imbedded in the program material, or it may be overlaid by modulating a video stream, either as an
RF signal or as a video signal. The image displayed on a computer monitor may be pulsed effectively by a simple computer program. For certain monitors, pulsed electromagnetic fields capable of exciting sensory resonances in nearby subjects may be generated even as the displayed images are pulsed with subliminal intensity.
USP # 6,488,617 (December 3, 2002)
Method and Device for Producing a Desired Brain State
Abstract ~ A method and device for the production of a desired brain state in an individual contain means for monitoring and analyzing the brain state
while a set of one or more magnets produce fields that alter this state. A computational system alters various parameters of the magnetic fields in order to close the gap between the actual and desired brain state. This
feedback process operates continuously until the gap is minimized and/or removed.
USP # 6,487,531 (November 26, 2002)
Signal Injection Coupling into the Human Vocal Tract...
Abstract ~ A means and method are provided for enhancing or replacing the natural excitation of the human vocal tract by artificial excitation means, wherein the artificially created acoustics present additional spectral, temporal, or phase data useful for (1) enhancing the machine recognition
robustness of audible speech or (2) enabling more robust machine-recognition of relatively inaudible mouthed or whispered speech. The artificial excitation (a) may be arranged to be audible or inaudible, (b) may be designed to be non-interfering with another user's similar means, (c) may be used in one or both of a vocal content-enhancement mode or a complimentary
vocal tract-probing mode, and/or (d) may be used for the recognition of audible or inaudible continuous speech or isolated spoken commands.
USP # 6,430,443 (August 6, 2002)
Method and Apparatus for Treating Auditory Hallucinations
Abstract ~ Stimulating one or more vestibulocochlear nerves or cochlea or cochlear regions will treat, prevent and control auditory hallucinations.
USP # 6,426,919 (July 30, 2002)
Portable and Hand-Held Device for Making Humanly Audible Sounds...
Abstract ~ A portable and hand-held device for making humanly audible sounds responsive to the detecting of ultrasonic sounds. The device includes a hand-held housing and circuitry that is contained in the housing. The circuitry includes a microphone that receives the ultrasonic sound, a first low voltage audio power amplifier that strengthens the signal from the microphone, a second low voltage audio power amplifier that further strengthens the signal from the first low voltage audio power amplifier, a 7-stage ripple carry binary counter that lowers the frequency of the signal from the second low voltage audio power amplifier so as to be humanly audible, a third low voltage audio power amplifier that strengthens the signal from the 7-stage ripple carry binary counter, and a speaker that generates a humanly audible sound from the third low voltage audio power amplifier.
USP # 6,292,688 (September 18, 2001)
Method and Apparatus for Analyzing Neurological Response to
Abstract ~ A method of determining the extent of the emotional response of a test subject to stimuli having a time-varying visual content, for example, an advertising presentation. The test subject is positioned to observe the presentation for a given duration, and a path of communication is established between the subject and a brain wave detector/analyzer. The intensity component of each of at least two different brain wave frequencies
is measured during the exposure, and each frequency is associated with a particular emotion. While the subject views the presentation, periodic variations in the intensity component of the brain waves of each of the particular frequencies selected is measured. The change rates in the intensity at regular periods during the duration are also measured. The intensity change rates are then used to construct a graph of plural coordinate points, and these coordinate points graphically establish the
composite emotional reaction of the subject as the presentation continues.
USP # 6,258,022 (July 10,2001)
Abstract ~ Behavior modification of a human subject takes place under hypnosis, when the subject is in a relaxed state. A machine plays back a video or audio recording, during which the subject is instructed to activate a device to create a perceptible stimulation which is linked, through the hypnosis, with a visualization of enhanced or improved performance. After the hypnosis, the user can reactivate the device at will, whenever the improved performance, such as an improved sporting performance, is desired. This will again create the perceptible stimulation and thus induce the
USP # 6,239,705 (May 29,2001)
Intra-Oral Electronic Tracking Device
Abstract ~ An improved stealthy, non-surgical, biocompatable electronic tracking device is provided in which a housing is placed intraorally. The
housing contains microcircuitry. The microcircuitry comprises a receiver, a passive mode to active mode activator, a signal decoder for determining positional fix, a transmitter, an antenna, and a power supply. Optionally, an amplifier may be utilized to boost signal strength. The power supply energizes the receiver. Upon receiving a coded activating signal, the positional fix signal decoder is energized, determining a positional fix.
The transmitter subsequently transmits through the antenna a position locating signal to be received by a remote locator. In another embodiment of the present invention, the microcircuitry comprises a receiver, a passive mode to active mode activator, a transmitter, an antenna and a power supply. Optionally, an amplifier may be utilized to boost signal strength. The power supply energizes the receiver. Upon receiving a coded activating signal, the transmitter is energized. The transmitter subsequently transmits through the antenna a homing signal to be received by a remote locator.
USP # 6,167,304 (December 26, 2000)
Pulse Variability in Electric Field Manipulation of Nervous Systems
Abstract ~ Apparatus and method for manipulating the nervous system of a subject by applying to the skin a pulsing external electric field which, although too weak to cause classical nerve stimulation, modulates the normal
spontaneous spiking patterns of certain kinds of afferent nerves. For certain pulse frequencies the electric field stimulation can excite in the nervous system resonances with observable physiological consequences. Pulse
variability is introduced for the purpose of thwarting habituation of the nervous system to the repetitive stimulation, or to alleviate the need for precise tuning to a resonance frequency, or to control pathological oscillatory neural activities such as tremors or seizures. Pulse generators with stochastic and deterministic pulse variability are disclosed, and the output of an effective generator of the latter type is characterized.
USP # 6,135,944 (October 24, 2000)
Method of Inducing Harmonious States of Being
Bowman, Gerard D., et al.
Abstract: A method of inducing harmonious states of being using vibrational stimuli, preferably sound, comprised of a multitude of frequencies expressing a specific pattern of relationship. Two base signals are modulated by a set of ratios to generate a plurality of harmonics. The harmonics are combined to form a "fractal" arrangement.
USP # 6,122,322 (September 19, 2000)
Subliminal Message Protection
Abstract ~ The present invention relates to a method and to a system for detecting a first context change between two frames. When a second context change between a further two frames occurs within a predetermined time interval, the frames accommodated within the two context changes are defined as a subliminal message. An alarm is sent to an observer upon detection of a subliminal message.
USP # 6,091,994 (July 18, 2000)
Pulsative Manipulation of Nervous Systems
Abstract ~ Method and apparatus for manipulating the nervous system by imparting subliminal pulsative cooling to the subject's skin at a frequency that is suitable for the excitation of a sensory resonance. At present, two major sensory resonances are known, with frequencies near 1/2 Hz and 2.4 Hz
The 1/2 Hz sensory resonance causes relaxation, sleepiness, ptosis of the eyelids, a tonic smile, a "knot" in the stomach, or sexual excitement, depending on the precise frequency used. The 2.4 Hz resonance causes the slowing of certain cortical activities, and is characterized by a large increase of the time needed to silently count backward from 100 to 60, with the eyes closed. The invention can be used by the general public for inducing relaxation, sleep, or sexual excitement, and clinically for the control and perhaps a treatment of tremors, seizures, and autonomic system disorders such as panic attacks. Embodiments shown are a pulsed fan to impart subliminal cooling pulses to the s
object's skin, and a silent device which induces periodically varying flow past the subject's skin, the flow being induced by pulsative rising warm air plumes that are caused by a thin resistive wire which is periodically heated by electric current pulses.
USP # 6,081,744 (June 27, 2000)
Electric Fringe Field Generator for Manipulating Nervous Systems
Abstract ~ Apparatus and method for manipulating the nervous system of a
subject through afferent nerves, modulated by externally applied weak fluctuating electric fields, tuned to certain requencies such as to excite a resonance in neural circuits. Depending on the frequency chosen,
excitation of such resonances causes in a human subject relaxation, sleepiness, sexual excitement, or the slowing of certain cortical processes.
The electric field used for stimulation of the subject is induced by a pair
of field electrodes charged to opposite polarity and placed such that the
subject is entirely outside the space between the field electrodes. Such
configuration allows for very compact devices where the field electrodes and
a battery-powered voltage generator are contained in a small casing, such as
a powder box. The stimulation by the weak external electric field relies on
frequency modulation of spontaneous spiking patterns of afferent nerves.
The method and apparatus can be used by the general public as an aid to relaxation, sleep, or arousal, and clinically for the control and perhaps the treatment of tremors and seizures, and disorders of the autonomic nervous system, such as panic attacks.
USP # 6,052,336 (April 18, 2000)
Apparatus and Method of Broadcasting Audible Sound Using Ultrasonic Sound
as a Carrier
Lowrey, Austin, III
Abstract ~ An ultrasonic sound source broadcasts an ultrasonic signal which is amplitude and/or frequency modulated with an information input signal originating from an information input source. If the signals are amplitude modulated, a square root function of the information input signal is produced prior to modulation. The modulated signal, which may be amplified, is then broadcast via a projector unit, whereupon an individual or group of individuals located in the broadcast region detect the audible sound.
USP # 6,039,688 (March 21, 2000)
Therapeutic Behavior Modification Program, Compliance Monitoring and
Douglas, Peter, et al.
Abstract ~ A therapeutic behavior modification program, compliance monitoring and feedback system includes a server-based relational database and one or more microprocessors electronically coupled to the server. The system enables development of a therapeutic behavior modification program having a series of milestones for an individual to achieve lifestyle changes necessary to maintain his or her health or recover from ailments or medical procedures.
The program may be modified by a physician or trained case advisor prior to implementation. The system monitors the individual's compliance with the program by prompting the individual to enter
health-related data, correlating the individual's entered data with the milestones in the behavior modification program and generating compliance
data indicative of the individual's progress toward achievement of the program milestones.
The system also includes an integrated system of graphical system interfaces for motivating the individual to comply with the program. Through the interfaces, the individual can access the database to review the compliance data and obtain health information from a remote source such as selected sites on the Internet.
The system also provides an electronic calendar integrated with the behavior modification program for signaling the individual to take action pursuant to the behavior modification program in which the calendar accesses the relational database and integrates requirements of the program with the individual's daily schedule, and an electronic journal for enabling the individual to enter personal health-related information into the system on a regular basis.
In addition, the system includes an electronic meeting room for linking the individual to a plurality of other individuals having related behavior modification programs for facilitating group peer support sessions for compliance with the program.
The system enables motivational media presentations to be made to the individuals in the electronic meeting room as part of the group support session to facilitate interactive group discussion about the presentations. The entire system is designed around a community of support motif including a graphical electronic navigator operable by the individual to control the
microprocessor for accessing different parts of the system.
USP # 6,017,302 (January 25, 2000)
Subliminal Acoustic Manipulation of Nervous Systems
Abstract ~ In human subjects, sensory resonances can be excited by subliminal atmospheric acoustic pulses that are tuned to the resonance frequency. The 1/2 Hz sensory resonance affects the autonomic nervous system and may cause relaxation, drowsiness, or sexual excitement, depending on the precise acoustic frequency near 1/2 Hz used.
The effects of the 2.5 Hz resonance include slowing of certain cortical processes, sleepiness, and disorientation. For these effects to occur, the acoustic intensity must lie in a certain deeply subliminal range. Suitable apparatus consists of a portable battery-powered source of weak subaudio acoustic radiation.
The method and apparatus can be used by the general public as an aid to relaxation, sleep, or sexual arousal, and clinically for the control and perhaps treatment of insomnia, tremors, epileptic seizures, and anxiety disorders.
There is further application as a nonlethal weapon that can be used in law enforcement standoff situations, for causing drowsiness and disorientation in targeted subjects. It is then preferable to use venting acoustic monopoles in the form of a device that inhales and exhales air with subaudio frequency.
USP # 6,011,991 (January 4, 2000)
Communication System & Method Including Brain Wave Analysis...
Abstract: A system and method for enabling human beings to communicate by way of their monitored brain activity. The brain activity of an individual is monitored and transmitted to a remote location (e.g. by satellite).
At the remote location, the monitored brain activity is compared with pre-recorded normalized brain activity curves, waveforms, or patterns to determine if a match or substantial match is found.
If such a match is found, then the computer at the remote location determines that the
individual was attempting to communicate the word, phrase, or thought corresponding to the matched stored normalized signal.
USP # 6,006,188 (December 21, 1999)
Speech Signal Processing for Determining Psychological or Physiological
Bogdashevsky, Rostislav, et al.
Abstract ~ A speech-based system for assessing the psychological, physiological, or other characteristics of a test subject is described.
The system includes a knowledge base that stores one or more speech models, where each speech model corresponds to a characteristic of a group of reference subjects. Signal processing circuitry, which may be implemented in hardware, software and/or firmware, compares the test speech parameters of a test subject with the speech models.
In one embodiment, each speech model is
represented by a statistical time-ordered series of frequency representations of the speech of the reference subjects. The speech model is independent of a prior knowledge of style parameters associated with the
voice or speech. The system includes speech parameterization circuitry for generating the test parameters in response to the test subject's speech.
This circuitry includes speech acquisition circuitry, which may be located remotely from the knowledge base. The system
further includes output circuitry for outputting at least one indicator of a characteristic in response to the comparison performed by the signal processing circuitry.
The characteristic may be time-varying, in which case
the output circuitry outputs the characteristic in a time-varying manner. The output circuitry also may output a ranking of each output characteristic. In one embodiment, one or more characteristics may indicate the degree of sincerity of the test subject, where the degree of sincerity may vary with time. The system may also be employed to determine the effectiveness of treatment for a psychological or physiological disorder by comparing psychological or physiological characteristics, respectively, before and after treatment.
USP # 5,954,630 (September 21, 1999)
FM Theta-Inducing Audible Sound...
Masaki, Kazumi, et al.
Abstract ~ An audible sound of modulated wave where a very low-frequency wave of about 20 hertz or lower is superposed on an audio low-frequency wave effectively stimulates Fm theta in human brain waves to improve attention and concentration during mental tasks when auditorily administered.
The audible sound is also effective in stimulation of human alpha wave when the very low-frequency wave lies within the range of about 2-10 hertz. Such audible sound is artificially obtainable by generating an electric signal which contains such a modulated wave, and transducing it into audible sound wave.
USP # 5,954,629 (September 21, 1999)
Brain Wave Inducing System
Yanagidaira, Masatoshi, et al.
Abstract ~ Sensors are provided for detecting brain waves of a user, and a
band-pass filter is provided for extracting a particular brain waves including an .alpha. wave included in a detected brain wave.
The band-pass filter comprises a first band-pass filter having a narrow pass band, and a second band-pass filter having a wide pass band. One of the first and second
band-pass filters is selected, and a stimulation signal is produced in dependency on an .alpha. wave extracted by a selected band-pass filter. In accordance with the stimulation signal, a stimulation light is emitted to the user in order to induce the user to relax or sleeping state.
USP # 5,935,054 (August 10, 1999)
Magnetic Excitation of Sensory Resonances
Abstract:The invention pertains to influencing the nervous system of a
subject by a weak externally applied magnetic field with a frequency near
1/2 Hz. In a range of amplitudes, such fields can excite the 1/2 sensory resonance, which is the physiological effect involved in "rocking the baby".
USP # 5,922,016 (July 13, 1999)
Apparatus for Electric Stimulation of Auditory Nerves of a Human Being
Abstract ~ Apparatus for electric stimulation and diagnostics of auditory nerves of a human being, e.g. for determination of sensation level (SL), most conformable level (MCL) and uncomfortable level (UCL) audibility curves, includes a stimulator detachably secured to a human being for sending a signal into a human ear, and an electrode placed within the human ear and electrically connected to the stimulator by an electric conductor for conducting the signals from the stimulator into the ear. A control unit is operatively connected to the stimulator for instructing the stimulator as to characteristics of the generated signals being transmitted to the ear.
USP # 5,868,103 (February 9, 1999)
Method and Apparatus for Controlling an Animal
Abstract ~ An apparatus for controlling an animal wherein the animal receives a control stimulus of the release of a substance having an adverse effect upon the animal as a corrective measure.
The apparatus includes a transmitter for producing a transmitted field, and a releasable collar for attaching to the neck of the animal. The collar includes a receiver for receiving the transmitted field and for producing a received signal, a control circuit for determining when the received signal indicates that the animal requires a corrective measure and for producing a control signal, a container for containing the substance having an adverse effect upon the animal, and a mechanism for releasing the substance from the container into the presence of the animal upon the production of the control signal by the control circuit.
In use, the transmitter is set to produce the transmitted field and the collar is attached to the neck of the animal. As the animal moves about, the receiver in the collar receives the transmitted field and produces a received signal. The control circuit determines when the received signal indicates that the animal requires a corrective measure. A control signal is produced by the control circuit when the determination is made that the animal requires a corrective measure. Upon the production of the control signal, the substance having an adverse effect upon the animal is released from the container and into the presence of the animal.
USP # 5,784,124 (July 21, 1998)
Supraliminal Method of Education...
D'Alitalia, Joseph A., et al.
Abstract: A method of behavior modification involves having a patient view supraliminal video messages superimposed upon an underlying video presentation. [can anyone say Clockwork Orange?]
The video messages incorporate messages wherein at least some of the messages link a desired modified behavior to positive feelings of the patient.
A supraliminal message generator and superimposer iteratively selects individual messages for display from the sequence of messages, decompressing the messages as required, and places the selected messages in
a buffer memory of a video generation device.
A processor of the supraliminal message generator and superimposer then fades the selected message from an invisible level to a visible level on the video display, and then fades the selected message from the visible level back to the invisible
USP # 5,649,061 (July 15, 1997)
Device and Method for Estimating a Mental Decision
Abstract ~ A device and method for estimating a mental decision to select a visual cue from the viewer's eye fixation and corresponding single event evoked cerebral potential. The device comprises an eyetracker, an electronic biosignal processor and a digital computer. The eyetracker determines the instantaneous viewing direction from oculometric measurements and a head position and orientation sensor.
The electronic processor continually estimates the cerebral lectroencephalogramic potential from scalp surface measurements following corrections for lectrooculogramic, electromyogramic and lectrocardiogramic artifacts.
The digital computer analyzes the viewing direction data for a fixation and then extracts the corresponding single event evoked cerebral potential. The fixation properties, such as duration, start and end pupil sizes, end state (saccade or blink) and gaze fixation count, and the parametric representation of the evoked potential are all inputs to an artificial neural network for outputting an estimate of the selection interest in the gaze point of regard. The artificial neural network is trained off-line prior to application to represent the mental decisions of the viewer. The device can be used to control computerized machinery from a video display by ocular gaze point of regard alone, by determining which visual cue the viewer is looking at and then using the estimation of the task-related selection as a selector switch.
USP # 5,644,363 (July 1, 1997)
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PASSIVE, DOCILE is their chosen state of consciousness-sleepy...snoring loudly...