[link to wireheading.com]
DEVICES, invented by Jose Delgado for his research into behavior and motor control, were implanted into apes, monkeys, bulls, cats and humans.
Electrodes could remain implanted for more than two years Jose M. R. Delgado, a pioneer in brain-implant technology, is perhaps most famous for halting a charging bull by merely pressing a button on a device that sent signals to the animalís brain.
In the early 1970s Delgado went from being acclaimed to being criticized.
In 1974 he moved from the U.S. to Spain and then gradually faded from public consciousness and the citation lists of neuroscientists.
His accomplishments, however, helped to pave the way for modern brain-implant technology, which is enjoying a resurgence today and is improving life for patients with epilepsy and such movement disorders as Parkinsonís and dystonia.
Delgado, now 90, recently returned to the U.S., complete with strong opinions on the promise and perils of the ongoing work...
[link to www.technologyreview.com
[link to www.newsfinder.org
Tense nervous headache? Always run down and irritable? Not feeling yourself? Well maybe that 's because you are not yourself, rather, you are being controlled from somewhere else by someone or something else.
A few years ago the BBC program Tomorrow's World featured a man whose Parkinson's Disease symptoms could be controlled by pressing a switch on a handset which in turn operated a tiny device implanted into his brain. No more shaking, no more tears. This is the friendly, caring side of neural implants, but many people believe that dark forces are at work, trying to take over the minds of their targeted subjects via tiny objects inserted into various parts of the body. Even worse, these sinister controllers are beaming strong electromagnetic rays into the minds of innocent victims, influencing their thoughts and emotions.
These shadowy forces take many forms; some say that it's intelligence agencies like the CIA; others that it's a secret cabal plotting for control of the world's population; still others that it's malicious aliens, the Greys, who use implants as tracking devices so that they can abduct and control their hapless victims anytime and anyplace.
Warnings of new forms of mind control are not just the rantings of so-called conspiracy theorists and paranoid cranks. Nature1 reports on developments in neuroscience as posing a potential threat to human rights, Jean-Pierre Changeux, a neuroscientist at the Institut Pasteur in Paris, told a meeting of the French national bioethics committee that advances in cerebral imagining make the scope for invasion of privacy immense. He said that although the equipment needed is still highly specialised, it will become commonplace and capable of being used at a distance. That will open the way for abuses such as invasion of personal liberty, control of behaviour and brainwashing. Denis LeBihan, a researcher at the French Atomic Energy Commission, told the meeting that the use of imaging techniques has reached the stage where we can almost read peopleís thoughts.
American interest in the hypnosis-EMR [electromagnetic radiation] interaction was still strong as of 1974, when a research plan was filed to develop useful techniques in human volunteers. The experimenter, J.F. Schapitz, stated: In this investigation it will be shown that the spoken word of the hypnotist may also be conveyed by modulated electromagnetic energy directly into the subconscious parts of the human brain i.e., without employing any technical devices for receiving or transcoding the messages and without the person exposed to such influence having a chance to control the information input consciously.2
Robert O. Becker, Nobel Prize nominee, 1985
Although our modern electronic age has been in existence only since the turn of this century, individuals have claimed that their minds were being remotely influenced and controlled by machines for at least two centuries.
Recorded way back in 1810 is the case of James Tilly Matthews, a London tea broker, who claimed his mind was being controlled by a gang operating a machine he called an Air Loom which sent out invisible, magnetic rays from a London cellar. Matthews believed machines like the Air Loom were also controlling the minds of members of the British Parliament. He wrote letters to the MPs warning them about the machines and the conspiracy behind it. Matthews was committed to Bethlem Hospital as being insane.3
It might be easy to dismiss Matthews claims of a machine that can control oneís mind because of the early date. However, his is by no means an isolated case.
In 1994 Ronald K. Siegel, a Associate Research Professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences at UCLA, wrote Whispers: The Voices of Paranoia.4 Dr. Siegel, an expert on hallucinations, edited a book on this subject in 1975 with Louis Jolyn West of MKULTRA fame.5
MKULTRA, as well as projects BLUEBIRD, ARTI-CHOKE, CHATTER, CASTI-GATE, MKDELTA, MKNAOMI, THIRD CHANCE, MKSEARCH, MKOFTEN, etc., were covert CIA projects involving many prominent members and institutions of the medical and scientific communities to investigate and experiment with various forms of behaviour modification and control using, in many cases, unwitting human subjects. In operation from the late 1940ís until the early 1970ís, they delved into everything from drugs to hypnosis to electronics.