In the United States there are any number of token manufacturers and coinage mints.
[the list below is not comprehensive]
Besides Sunshine Mint ( [link to www.sunshinemint.com)
] made famous by the Bernard von NotHaus affair there are:
Hoffman Mint of Florida: [link to www.hoffmanmint.com
Osborne Mint (Cincinnati): [link to www.osbornecoin.com
] (aluminum tokens are featured)
Nevada Mint (Las Vegas): [link to www.tokens.com
A page full of links to coinage and token printers: [link to www.exonumia.com
Duck search: [link to duckduckgo.com (secure)
Money exists as a symbol system for rationalizing the exchange of real things by means of proxy instruments and by means of contracts. It is a special extension of language that is primarily a communication. Within a communication theory of money many things can serve in the token and contract function. What is of primary importance in a communication theory of money is that the communications are made in truth.
To maintain truth in monetary communications the banker must have a clearly defined agency relationship to the people whereas:
* Reputation records (the credibility index) is kept on people (what? politicians also?),
* Where the reputation is poor, a performance bond must be posted as a partial collateralization of the contracts,
* Precious metals are given formal recognition as savings, and,
* These "savings" are presented and held in escrow as the performance bonds and,
* The Mandrake Mechanism is formalized and taught as a valid way to create money where,
* The people own the money system is a socialistic fashion with an open books policy and rebates after costs are made to the people and,
* The "value" of the money is dominated in human time and the number of units of time is stabilized in proportion to population demographics - quantity is important and,
* Everybody pays for using the system, but the hypothecation of the promissory notes carries zero interest - only a monthly service charge that is minimal and,
* All users rebate a sales tax like demurrage fee on circulating media plus a monthly fee on accounts of record.