[link to www.sceptiques.qc.ca
] The Science of Extraterrestrials
(Allies Publishing, Inc., 2006)
by Eric Julien (translated by Estherella Carstens): a review by
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Don Reed has a Master of Arts degree in mathematics and a background in physics and electrical engineering, and has taught mathematics at both the high school and college levels. Over the years he has had an abiding interest in fundamental theories of the universe, especially in regards to space, time and energy, and as an adjunct to this quest, has also pursued a search in the field of non-conventional and advanced energy technology for the past 30 years. He has been published in many journals such as Speculations in Science and Technology, Journal of New Energy, etc., and has authored chapters in the recent books Advanced Electromagnetism: Foundations, Theory and Applications, published by World Scientific in 1995, and Advances in Chemical Physics (vol. 109), published by John Wiley in 2000. He also has had several papers printed in the Proceedings for various conferences on advances in physics and non-conventional energy technology.
Without question, time is one of the most ubiquitous aspects of human existence. All human conscious thought processes and related emotions, regarding the fulfillment of desires, occur in time. All spatial phenomena involving motion or other forms of entropic change, are played out on what we perceive to be a continuous intangible background lockstep flow of an indefinable temporal essence. Consequently, time has both objective and subjective characteristics.
Scholars, scientists and philosophers over countless centuries, have struggled to endeavor to uncover the coveted secrets of how these two complementary exhibits of time, objective and subjective, might be connected, and how knowledge of their relationship could be implemented to benefit mankind in his never-ending quest to better our quality of life and achieve mastery over our environment.
Now, unlike all previous attempts to explore these probing questions, a new book has emerged which purports to show how these two seemingly disparate manifestations of time can achieve compatible synthesis. In an unprecedented manner for works of this nature, it lays to bare the essence of a novel 3-dimensional discontinuous fractal structure to time, which could be capable of clarifying the nature of both subjective feelings and objective knowledge. Moreover, the theoretical edifice erected is revealed to be even more courageously ambitious in scope, claiming to explain the operation and behavior of UFOs as well as the nature of paranormal phenomena.
Through a remarkably well-developed highly-reasoned discourse, in this book, “The Science of Extraterrestrials”, the author Eric Julien (a.k.a., Jean Ederman), offers compelling arguments that reflect a plausible scenario for the true nature of time and its operation.
Presenting the layout of the book in two parts, “Time for Reflection”, and “Time for Explanations”, Julien enjoins the reader, in a most gentle but persuasive manner, to contemplate and consider while suspending judgment, such unique and at times counter-intuitive concepts, and to subsequently boldly apply them to some of the most controversial subjects of contemporary culture.
Yet one should not let the provocative title of the book fool him into thinking this is a trivial and meaningless exercise professing an equally vague hypothesis, having only a tangential application to uncommon or unconventional phenomena. On the contrary, the theory presented will demonstrate, even to the most discerning reader, a significant connection to the measurable hallmark phenomena of physical reality: space, mass, charge and energy.
Despite the lofty intellectually-based subject matter and theoretical premises considered, the style of the book’s arguments are presented so that the concepts are easily accessible to the general reader. On these points, the trained scientist might be justly skeptical, since the format of the book is essentially conversational challenging the reader at every turn, with an economy of mathematical formalistic development and emphasis on many diagrams and illustrations, by an author possessing few standard academic credentials in the scientific arena. Nevertheless, the book is extraordinarily well-written, exhibiting superb coherence and logical consistency, that one may be tempted to excuse these shortcomings, and will at the very least acknowledge a well-developed and defended argument, about a plausible yet albeit speculative theoretical structure that the author, erring on the side of caution, admits should not be considered a bonafide finished theory, until it can undergo future formalistic development.
At the most, it is possible that one may come away with the feeling that these speculative notions, even in their current budding seminal stage could, just as the theories of Einstein did a century ago, blossom into a significant advance in our understanding of space and time, that might even have astounding cross-disciplinary ramifications. Moreover, unlike Einstein’s theories, this cited research goes further in scope, professing to provide rational understanding for metaphysical processes, and hence may lead to new insights into consciousness itself, and particularly of man’s place in the universal scheme of things.
It is indeed a rare and welcome event, when a scientifically-oriented manuscript professes a theory so revolutionary that it could have the potential to literally cross the boundaries of science and portend an inexorable cross-cultural paradigmatic transformation in the very world-view of humankind. I can clearly say, with few reservations, this is possibly such a work. All interested readers, regardless of their level of technical proficiency, academic credentialed status, or dogmatic convictions, would benefit from scrutinizing the author’s theory with equanimity and as Julien himself says, by suspending belief or non-belief, to thoughtfully reflect and come to one’s own conclusions.
As it is often said “extraordinary claims require extraordinary proof”. Here the author does not disappoint. He begins with a strong indictment of the way scientific research has been carried out and is currently practiced, decrying the “business” of science, which tends to give more credit to scientific institutions instead of to the genius of mankind, a practice which he calls “techno-science”. In this regard, there is an absolute need for radical innovation, since the labyrinth of accumulated knowledge in general lacks any form of conceptual homogeneity. Julien says we set untenable conditions to what reality must be, which actually has no connection to current temporal notions upon which deterministic entropy is based. On the contrary, reality is in motion. One could even say that man has invented reproducibility of phenomena to provide a better basis for predictability. In truth, the only reproducibility nature has planned is embodied in cycles, which have the annoying tendency in failing to cooperate with the direction of ordinary linear causality.
There is an inflexibility encrusted in the models of orthodox physics, primarily due to the insistence on a spatial representation of time, in the name of unchangeable sacrosanct causality. Specifically, Cartesian-Boolean logic, abstracted from the limited visual manner of perceiving physical reality, and its principle of excluding a third possibility, causes man to believe in a logical flow between cause and effect, without considering any other principles. Ultimately, all scientific instruments translate physical magnitudes through a filter, the visual information of the instrument readout. Hence, as the author asserts, we have always been running away from reality by making the unconscious choice to favor the preeminence of visual information.
Yet, the expression “I believe only what I see” reflects a prejudice that forces the universe into our mold, instead of vice versa. Despite all of man’s remarkable technological advances, the author avers we are still at the center of the universe from a certain point of view, that of identity which we can call chronocentrism. Accordingly, just as man freed himself from the doctrine of geocentrism (central vision in space) in the Middle Ages, now science is at a similar crisis point which it can only extricate itself by shattering its belief of a central vision in time (chronocentrism). It is chronocentrism, the author claims, that is responsible for man in relating every manifestation back to the constant physical time unit, itself based upon the linear spatial conception of time flow.
Julien asserts that the only way out of this space matrix and associated deterministic causality, is by introducing a third catalytic principle so that thesis and antithesis can find their synthesis. This third ingredient advanced in this treatise is 3-dimensional time. In this conception, space-time is no longer viewed as a container, but as a fluid which can be molded like potter’s clay, whose shape will be multi-purpose. Unlike current string and brane theories which posit increasing dimensions of space, while using the same obsolete incomplete notions of continuous time flow, to establish the correct description of how nature operates, it is time that must gain dimensions and sufficient relief (in terms of multi-attributes).
Such a vision of time necessitates a discontinuous non-linear fractal role for true time, in which causality can vary, as opposed to the standard linear time flow which strictly respects deterministic causality. The problem, as the author states, is that by considering time as a linear flow consisting of infinitely close moments elapsing sequentially, we create more distance between us and the reality of metamorphosis, where the information exchange varies depending on the object studied. In essence, instead of time being subject to phenomena, as the tenets of all scientific theories including quantum, special and general relativity entail, phenomena are actually subject to the passage of time, which allows them to occur or not.
The specific characteristic of this novel 3-dimensional time, which separates it from all conventional notions, is the inclusion of a variable time density, or time flow-rate, which regulates the corresponding exchange rate of information for that phenomenon. In presenting this model, the author applies in a most clever and effective manner the visual image and metaphor of one of the most recognizable symbols of antiquity associated with the measure of time – the hourglass. Here, the individual discrete “grains” of time vary in size fractally, becoming smaller the higher they are above the hourglass neck (representing higher time densities). Also, the neck of the hourglass also varies in size, thus regulating the rate of time flow.
This new vision of time is called absolute relativity by the author. It is governed by one basic principle: the more there is space, the less there is time, and vice versa. Causality thus actually becomes conditional, for it depends on the quantity of time in a given volume of space. This property also explains and obviates some of the glaring inconsistencies in modern physics, especially in regards to the problem of elimination of infinities in electron self energy and charge that are an unavoidable consequence of the mathematical methods associated with perturbative quantum field theory. Accordingly, with 3-dimensional time, kinetic energy of motion is naturally connected to time, so the intrinsic (rest) energy of a mass must also originate in a fractal relation to time. Consequently, since time can dilate due to its fractal nature (the actual reason for the same effect predicted by special and general relativity), there will be no infinities, but leaps of algebraic unities. The fractal energy corresponding to high temporal densities remains potential for a given lower fractal without unfolding in it. Quantum energy is essentially connected to the duration of phenomena and particle radiation, rather than to the particle mass, which cannot possibly be measured on this lower fractal scale.
Also in support of his revolutionary theory, Julien cites that the sometimes counter-intuitive and contra-factual findings of quantum theory, such as is exhibited in the phenomenon of particle entanglement in Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC) or Cooper-pairs of electrons at low temperatures, could imply the existence of time variability in terms of quite high time densities within a single quantum state for these regimes. In particular, he claims the variation of the speed of light, already documented in many recent experiments with BEC, or the macroscopic quantum phenomena of superconductivity and superfluidity, might be due to the manifestation, at microscopic levels, of intrinsically higher time fractals. Using the principle tenet of absolute relativity: the less space, the more intense (larger) time-fields, with respect to the observer on the macroscopic level.
The author also pays homage to others who have advanced theories incorporating variable time-flows, or fractal models of space-time. Among these are Laurent Nottale (who has developed a fractal model of space for microphysics). Unfortunately, as the author says, to the best of his knowledge this model does not include 3-dimensional time. Nor does the time-model proposed by the Russian researcher Nikolai Kozyrev, which however, does imply a time density exists: rarer around a cause and dense in proximity to an effect. Nevertheless, the author acknowledges that Kozyrev’s ideas have found experimental verification in the 1980’s Soviet Union, a fact that seems to have either escaped the attention of most researchers in the West, or that has been prematurely rejected due to dogmatic convictions. Other scientists cited advancing unique time theories are the Russians L.S. Shikhobalov, Albert Veinik (from whom he obtained the term “chronon” to describe the quantum unit of time), American astronomer William Tifft (who professed the notion that redshifts of stars and galaxies might actually be due to a quantum temporal effect and not caused by recession speed), the Soviet-Italian Robert Bartini, and the Italian school proposing complex Minkowski space-time coordinates or six real dimensional coordinate systems(incorporating 3 time dimensions): E. Cole, Demers, Mignani, Recami, Dattoli, Vysin and Pappas.
Amongst the researchers professing both fractal and 3-dimensional time models, the author outlines the main tenets of the theories of the Finnish physicist Ari Lehto and the French scientist Jean-Pierre Garnier Malet. Lehto showed in his work that a periodic time model can be used to describe phenomena that are not dependent upon irreversible temporal flow (such as dynamics of electrons and protons). He symmetrizes the degrees of freedom of space and time positing a (3,3) symmetry instead of the standard Minkowskian (3,1) topology. The former allows for the asymmetry of phenomena subject to temporal flow while allowing those that are not, which is the case for elementary constituents of atoms.
As closest to his Absolute Relativity theory, he discourses at length on the work of J.P. Garnier Malet. Malet characterized true time as “stroboscopic”, a series of moments of observation intersected by times of non-observations. In this so-called doubling theory, a particle in its horizon is always a horizon of particles like Russian dolls nesting inside each other(horizon = two particles twice as small). Time and space are thus fractally proportional. Time dilation occurs at the exact point where a particle crosses a curved line and another crosses a straight line. In this sense, a horizon is an observation boundary and the interactions demarcate time flow deviations. Similarly, the result of an interaction can be anticipated as doubling time elapses more quickly than time on the scale in question.
Therefore, the exchanges of interactions would correspond to time accelerations and decelerations, precisely concurring with Kozyrev’s observations. This is the consequence of the doubling generating possible exchanges of trajectories (and therefore information) between internal particles (accelerated time) and external particles (decelerated time). The internal horizons, which he called “temporal openings”, are defined by stroboscopic observations. Julien then extrapolates from Malet’s theory that, as accelerated time (that which reaches a point more quickly) exists side by side with the observer’s real time, it would be legitimate to argue that the future is visible (premonition/precognition) in the present. Accordingly, he claims that intuition finds its roots in the future, where time is accelerated, and usually guides us in our decision-making.
The author observes that in terms of unraveling the current enigmas in physics, the Malet theory demonstrates that the instantaneous potential of doubling particles is the result of a fundamental property of time that may solve the EPR paradox. As far as technological advances which might result from applying the theory, Julien claims that rotational motion of a body coupled with a change in its vibratory state (the similar protocol used by Kozyrev with gyroscopes), might cause change in relativistic parameters: gravitational potential, local time-flow and energy. The rotation of bodies then constitutes the link between inertial reference frames (motions) and sinusoidal changes (i.e., time fractals/vibratory states). Also, since Malet, upon applying the doubling theory, showed the speed of light is related to the maximum deviation of a doubling transformation - seven temporal fractals between observer and horizon – Julien argues that one could legitimately call velocity c as a boundary between two reference frames, without being absolute. Consequently, using this reasoning, he speculates that UFO technology might incorporate a time dilation larger than the seven steps described by Garnier Malet. In a later chapter in the “Explanations” section Julien actually uses the reasoning above to propose a possible operating technology for UFOs, involving the following components: double-rotor, crystal oscillator, and superconductor network involving a spinning electromagnetic field.
Due the brief summary here, sincere apologies are extended for possibly taking Julien’s fascinating time theory out of context. The author himself suggests that experts who wish to skirmish on this frontier in greater depth should consult J.P. Garnier Malet’s website ( [link to www.garnier-malet.com)
] for further formalistic development of the doubling theory, and of course Julien’s own possibly breakthrough treatise.
In regards to the state of current knowledge, Julien quotes a figure of stature no less prestigious as Sir John Maddox, editor emeritus of the journal “Nature” who stated: “We enter the third millennium in a state of ignorance! What stands out is that there is no field of modern science that is free from glaring ignorance, even contradiction. In the light of past experience, it would be crazy to suggest that a professed ‘theory of everything’ can be formulated in terms of our modern physics. Breaking through the mystery of the origin of the universe requires the advent of a new physics, a physics regulated by as yet unimaginable principles. In my opinion, that is the crucial point…The person who discovers a new way of describing time and space will be the next Einstein”. From this reviewer’s viewpoint, it may come to pass that Eric Julien’s book, “The Science of Extraterrestrials” could indeed provide us with the tools to reach this coveted goal.
[link to www.sceptiques.qc.ca