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Subject Some simple ideas for peace in the Middle East
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Is it an Israeli-Arab or Israeli-Palestinian conflict?
The founding conflict of 1948 is significantly referred to as the "War of Independence" by Israel, which won its right to exist as a state by force of arms. But it is just as significantly called the "Palestine War" by the Arab side, which breaks it down into two phases. Firstly, the war between Jews and Arabs in a Palestine under British mandate. Secondly, a war between the newly proclaimed State of Israel and five Arab states (Egypt, Transjordan, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq). The Nakba, the "catastrophe" of the exodus of over 750,000 Arab residents from Palestine, began in the first phase of this war and continued throughout the second. But this first Arab-Israeli conflict ended in 1949 with a series of ceasefires between Israel and its Arab neighbors, leaving the fate of the Palestinian refugees indefinitely suspended. It would be a quarter of a century before the Arab summit in Rabat recognized the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) as the "sole and legitimate representative of the Palestinian people."

The ongoing catastrophe in Gaza risks ushering in a new cycle of even more atrocious wars unless the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is resolved once and for all as part of a two-state solution.
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