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MONACO 1856 - 1949 Prince Louis II - the last Grimaldi | DNA deposited @ Chapelle de la Paix Monaco
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04/20/2013 12:47 PM
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The Principality of Monaco existed between 1856 and 1949. After the death of Louis II - the last Grimaldi, France annexed the territory by installing Rainier, the son of homosexual Pierre de Polignac. Born at Château de Kerscamp, Morbihan, Brittany, Pierre died on 10 November 1964 at the American Hospital in Neuilly, Paris. His body (DNA) was kept at Chapelle de la Paix, Monaco, along with that of Casiraghi, Stefano b. Sep. 8, 1960 d. Oct. 3, 1990
[link to www.findagrave.com]
Louis II (12 July 1870 -- 9 May 1949) was Prince of Monaco and Duke of Valentinois from 27 June 1922 until 9 May 1949.
[link to en.wikipedia.org]
MONACO 1856 - 1949 MONACO Timeline
"A sunny place for shady people" - W. Somerset Maugham
1856 June 20 Charles III becomes reigning Prince of Monaco upon the death of his father Florestan I.
1857 Napoleon III is unsuccessful in his bid to negotiate an end to the Sardinian protectorate over Monaco and to obtain a 4 million franc indemnity for the Grimaldis.
Charles III organizes La Société des Bains de Mer (Sea Bathing Company) to operate a gambling concession in Monaco. After failing to entice François Blanc, operator of the Bad Homburg casino in Germany, Charles grants exclusive rights to construct and operate a casino, hotel, a number of villas and transportation between Nice and Monaco to Albert Aubert and Napoleon Langlois.
November La Société des Bains de Mer opens a casino in the Villa Bellevue on the Spélugues Plateau. Monégasques are forbidden by law to place bets.
The old French garrison opposite the palace is converted into the Hôtel de Russie.
1858 Financial losses force Aubert and Langlois sell their interest in La Société des Bains de Mer to Pierre Auguste Daval.
March 15 Prince Charles III establishes the Order of Saint Charles for service to the prince or state of Monaco.
May 28 Pierre Daval, having no more success in operating the casino than Aubert and Langlois, in turn sells his interest in La Société des Bains de Mer to a syndicate headed by the Duke of Valmy, a former investor in the successful Bad Homburg casino. Day to day operation of the concession is turned over to François Lefebvre.
1859 April 26 France sides with Sardinia against Austria in the Second War of Italian Unification. Communications between Nice and Monaco are disrupted and the Villa Bellevue casino is closed and Lefebvre moves the operation to the old garrison on the Rock of Monaco.
1860 June 17 Sardinian troops are withdrawn from Monaco and the principality is restored to the status of a French protectorate.
1863 April 2 François Blanc purchases the Valmy syndicate's interest in La Société des Bains de Mer for 1,700,000 francs. Charles III grants an exclusive 50 year gambling concession to La Société des Bains de Mer et du Cercle des Étrangers for which François Blanc agrees to pay the Prince 50,000 francs per annum, 10% of the net profit and a 2,000 franc weekly allowance. Monégasques are forbidden to enter the casino.
1864 The casino hosts a record 27,872 visitors and turns a profit of 640,000 francs in the first year of operation under François Blanc.
1866 June 1 The Spélugues Plateau is renamed Monte Carlo in honor of Prince Charles III.
1869 Prince Charles III abolishes all forms of direct taxation on native Monégasques after François Blanc persuades him that 2,000,000 franc annual profits of La Société des Bains de Mer are sufficient to cover the cost of running the principality.
1870 July 21 Prince Albert joins the French Navy following Napoleon III's declaration of war on Prussia.
1944 May 30 Princess Charlotte again renounces her right of succession in favor of her son Prince Rainier.
July Swiss Nazi Jean Charles establishes the Banque Charles in Monte Carlo to facilitate the smuggling of Nazi funds out of occupied Europe with the acquiesence of Prince Louis II.
The German consul in Monte Carlo reports there are no more than 40 to 50 Jews left in Monaco.
August 15 Radio Monte Carlo stops broadcasting following the Allied landings in Provence.
September 3 Monaco is liberated by the U.S. Army 36th Infantry Division.
September 28 Prince Rainier III volunteers for service with the Free French Army and is commissioned a Second Lieutenant. The Prince is posted to the headquarters of General Monsabert's 2nd Corps and is later awarded the Croix de Guerre and Bronze Star for service in the Alsace campaign.
November Pierre de Witasse replaces Emile Roblot as Minister of State.
1945 June 26 Radio Monte Carlo resumes broadcasting under French and Monégasque control.
1947 January 16 Prince Rainier III is awarded the Knight's Cross of the Legion of Honor (Croix d'un Chevalier de la Legion d'honneur).
1949 May 9 Prince Rainier III succeeds to the throne upon the death of his grandfather Prince Louis II.
[link to www.schudak.de]
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