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It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...

 
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It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
...it is all very simple once the concept is recognized...

[link to en.wikipedia.org]

A holon is something that is simultaneously a whole and a part. The word was coined by Arthur Koestler in his book The Ghost in the Machine (1967, p. 48). Koestler was compelled by two observations in proposing the notion of the holon. The first observation was influenced by Nobel Prize winner Herbert Simon's parable of the two watchmakers, wherein Simon concludes that complex systems will evolve from simple systems much more rapidly if there are stable intermediate forms present in that evolutionary process than if they are not present. The second observation was made by Koestler himself in his analysis of hierarchies and stable intermediate forms in both living organisms and social organizations. He concluded that, although it is easy to identify sub-wholes or parts, wholes and parts in an absolute sense do not exist anywhere. Koestler proposed the word holon to describe the hybrid nature of sub-wholes and parts within in vivo systems. From this perspective, holons exist simultaneously as self-contained wholes in relation to their sub-ordinate parts, and dependent parts when considered from the inverse direction.






[link to www.esalenctr.org]

According to Wilber, the Twenty Tenets are an attempt to summarize and draw some basic conclusions from dynamic systems theory and the contemporary evolutionary sciences. Calling them "tendencies of evolution" or "propensities of manifestation," the Twenty Tenets operate throughout the three great domains of evolution: the physiosphere, the biosphere, and the noosphere (or matter, life, and mind).

Ken Wilber’s Twenty Tenets are:

1. Reality is not composed of things or processes, but of holons, which are wholes that are simultaneously parts.

2. Holons display four fundamental capacities:
a. self-preservation (agency)
b. self-adaptation (communion)
c. self-transcendence
d. self-dissolution

3. Holons emerge.

4. Holons emerge holarchically.

5. Each holon transcends and includes its predecessors.

6. The lower sets the possibilities of the higher; the higher sets the probabilities of the lower.

7. The number of levels which a hierarchy comprises determines whether it is ‘shallow’ or ‘deep;’ and the number of holons on any given level we shall call its ‘span.’

8. Each successive level of evolution produces greater depth and less span.

9. Destroy any type of holon, and you will destroy all of the holons above it and none of the holons below it.

10. Holarchies co-evolve. The micro is always within the macro (all agency is agency in communion).

11. The micro is in relational exchange with macro at all levels of its depth.

12. Evolution has directionality:
a. increasing complexity.
b. increasing differentiation/integration.
c. increasing organization/structuration.
d. increasing relative autonomy.
e. increasing telos.
Anonymous Coward (OP)
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
Tenet 1

*snip*

Reality is not composed of things or processes, but of holons, which are wholes that are simultaneously parts of other wholes with no upward or downward limit.

Reality is not composed of sub-atomic particles (materialism) nor is it composed of ideas, symbols, or thoughts (idealism). It is composed of holons. According to Wilber, holons can be expressed in material, spiritual, or purely abstract terms....In mathematics, what we see as today’s wholes may very well become tomorrow’s parts.

[link to www.esalenctr.org]
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
Holons are holistic systems mathematically prescribed by the ancient Hebrew Names of God through their gematria values. Examples are the superstring, the human skeleton and human DNA. If you want to study the amazing properties of holons, visit:
[link to smphillips.8m.com]
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
Tenets 2 a,b,c,d

2 a: Self-preservation (or agency). A hydrogen atom in a suitable context can keep on being a hydrogen atom. It displays self-preservation in the simple sense of maintaining identity or agency across time. A holon in a living context is an even more remarkable, sophisticated agency. In short, holons are defined not by the stuff of which they are made but by the pattern they display.

2 b: Self-adaptation (or communion). A holon functions not only as a self-preserving whole but also as a part of a larger whole. The partness aspect of a holon is displayed by its capacity to accommodate, to register other holons, to fit into its existing environment. Two opposing tendencies—agency and communion: agency as the self-preserving, self-asserting tendency which expresses wholeness and relative autonomy; and communion as the participatory boding, joining tendency which expresses partness in relationship to something larger. An excess of either tendency can deform or kill a holon, whether the growth of a plant or of the patriarchy.

2 c: Self-transcendence. When an oxygen atom and two hydrogen atoms are brought together under suitable conditions, a new and in some way unprecedented holon emerges. It is a transformation resulting in something novel and emergent. This is what Whitehead calls creativity, the category necessary to describe any other category.

2d: Self-dissolution. Holons that are built up through vertical self-transcendence can also break down. When holons dissolve or become unglued, they tend to so along the same vertical sequence along which they were built up.

Leonard pointed out that there is a constant tension among the above four tendencies. For example, helium may be called inert, but a different description is that helium does not want to join into communion (tenet 2b) with other elements.

[link to www.esalenctr.org]
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
Tenet 3

Holons emerge. Owing to the self-transcendent capacity of holons, new holons emerge. Sub-atomic particles, atoms, molecules, polymers, cells, and so on, the emergent holon is in some sense novel. They possess properties and qualities that can’t be strictly and totally deduced from their components, and therefore they and their descriptions can’t be reduced without remainder to their component parts. Emergence always means indeterminacy is sewn into the very fabric of the universe. Quoting from Sex, Ecology, Spirituality (p. 47) Leonard read,

Emergence is neither a rare nor an isolated phenomenon. As Varela, Thompson, and Rosch summarize the available evidence: "It is clear that emergent properties have been found across all domains—vortices and lasers, chemical oscillations, genetic networks, developmental patterns, population genetics, immune networks, ecology, and geophysics. What all these diverse phenomena have in common is that in each case a network gives rise to new properties. . . . The emergence of global patterns or configurations in systems of interacting elements is neither an oddity of isolated cases nor unique to [special] systems. In fact, it seems difficult for any densely connected aggregate to escape emergent properties." (Francisco Varela, et. al., The Embodied Mind, pp. 88-90.)
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
I Love Ken Wilbur! "A Brief History of Everything" was a life-changing book!


(<80%)

[link to www.esalenctr.org]

According to Wilber, the Twenty Tenets are an attempt to summarize and draw some basic conclusions from dynamic systems theory and the contemporary evolutionary sciences. Calling them "tendencies of evolution" or "propensities of manifestation," the Twenty Tenets operate throughout the three great domains of evolution: the physiosphere, the biosphere, and the noosphere (or matter, life, and mind).

Ken Wilber’s Twenty Tenets are:

1. Reality is not composed of things or processes, but of holons, which are wholes that are simultaneously parts.

2. Holons display four fundamental capacities:
a. self-preservation (agency)
b. self-adaptation (communion)
c. self-transcendence
d. self-dissolution

3. Holons emerge.

4. Holons emerge holarchically.

5. Each holon transcends and includes its predecessors.

6. The lower sets the possibilities of the higher; the higher sets the probabilities of the lower.

7. The number of levels which a hierarchy comprises determines whether it is ‘shallow’ or ‘deep;’ and the number of holons on any given level we shall call its ‘span.’

8. Each successive level of evolution produces greater depth and less span.

9. Destroy any type of holon, and you will destroy all of the holons above it and none of the holons below it.

10. Holarchies co-evolve. The micro is always within the macro (all agency is agency in communion).

11. The micro is in relational exchange with macro at all levels of its depth.

12. Evolution has directionality:
a. increasing complexity.
b. increasing differentiation/integration.
c. increasing organization/structuration.
d. increasing relative autonomy.
e. increasing telos.

 Quoting: Sickscent
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
Tenet 4

Holons emerge holarchically. That is, hierarchically. That is, as a series of increasing whole/parts. Organisms contain cells but not vice versa. Cells contain molecules but not vice versa. Molecules contain atoms but not vice versa.

Bertalanffy put it very bluntly: "Reality, in the modern conception, appears as a tremendous hierarchical order of organized entities, leading, in a superposition of many levels, from physical and chemical to biological and sociological systems. Such hierarchical structure and combination into systems of ever higher order, is characteristic of reality as a whole and is of fundamental importance especially in biology, psychology and sociology." (Ludwig Bertalanffy, General Systems Theory, pp. 74, 87.)
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
I Love Ken Wilbur! "A Brief History of Everything" was a life-changing book!



(<80%)

[link to www.esalenctr.org]

According to Wilber, the Twenty Tenets are an attempt to summarize and draw some basic conclusions from dynamic systems theory and the contemporary evolutionary sciences. Calling them "tendencies of evolution" or "propensities of manifestation," the Twenty Tenets operate throughout the three great domains of evolution: the physiosphere, the biosphere, and the noosphere (or matter, life, and mind).

Ken Wilber’s Twenty Tenets are:

1. Reality is not composed of things or processes, but of holons, which are wholes that are simultaneously parts.

2. Holons display four fundamental capacities:
a. self-preservation (agency)
b. self-adaptation (communion)
c. self-transcendence
d. self-dissolution

3. Holons emerge.

4. Holons emerge holarchically.

5. Each holon transcends and includes its predecessors.

6. The lower sets the possibilities of the higher; the higher sets the probabilities of the lower.

7. The number of levels which a hierarchy comprises determines whether it is ‘shallow’ or ‘deep;’ and the number of holons on any given level we shall call its ‘span.’

8. Each successive level of evolution produces greater depth and less span.

9. Destroy any type of holon, and you will destroy all of the holons above it and none of the holons below it.

10. Holarchies co-evolve. The micro is always within the macro (all agency is agency in communion).

11. The micro is in relational exchange with macro at all levels of its depth.

12. Evolution has directionality:
a. increasing complexity.
b. increasing differentiation/integration.
c. increasing organization/structuration.
d. increasing relative autonomy.
e. increasing telos.


 Quoting: Anonymous Coward 830058


Yeah, his stuff is amazing. I've read most of his stuff. Sex, Ecology, and Spirituality is my favorite, though it is mammoth in size.
germanbini

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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
All I can do with some of SS's posts is to search Google to try to figure out what it's all about.

From Wikipedia: A holon (Greek: &#8005;&#955;&#959;&#957;, holon neuter form of &#8005;&#955;&#959;&#962;, holos "whole") is something that is simultaneously a whole and a part. The word was coined by Arthur Koestler in his book The Ghost in the Machine (1967, p. 48)...

From this parable, Simon concludes that complex systems will evolve from simple systems much more rapidly if there are stable intermediate forms than if there are not; the resulting complex systems in the former case will be hierarchic.
[link to en.wikipedia.org]

(I don't even understand that)! 1doh1 stars stoned cry
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
Tenet 5

Each emergent holon transcends but includes its predecessors. Each newly emergent holon preserves the previous holons themselves but negates their separateness or isolatedness. In other words, all the lower is in the higher but not all the higher is in the lower. Hydrogen atoms are in the water molecule but the water molecule is not in the atom. Just as all of the word is in the sentence but not all the sentence is in the word.
[link to www.esalenctr.org]
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
All I can do with some of SS's posts is to search Google to try to figure out what it's all about.

From Wikipedia: A holon (Greek: &#8005;&#955;&#959;&#957;, holon neuter form of &#8005;&#955;&#959;&#962;, holos "whole") is something that is simultaneously a whole and a part. The word was coined by Arthur Koestler in his book The Ghost in the Machine (1967, p. 48)...

From this parable, Simon concludes that complex systems will evolve from simple systems much more rapidly if there are stable intermediate forms than if there are not; the resulting complex systems in the former case will be hierarchic.
[link to en.wikipedia.org]

(I don't even understand that)! 1doh1 stars stoned cry
 Quoting: germanbini


Its very simple...a HOLON is a concept. In and of itself, it is a whole, but it is part of a more complex whole. this is the PATTERN of reality. Read Tenet 5 for a quick example...
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
All I can do with some of SS's posts is to search Google to try to figure out what it's all about.

From Wikipedia: A holon (Greek: &#8005;&#955;&#959;&#957;, holon neuter form of &#8005;&#955;&#959;&#962;, holos "whole") is something that is simultaneously a whole and a part. The word was coined by Arthur Koestler in his book The Ghost in the Machine (1967, p. 48)...

From this parable, Simon concludes that complex systems will evolve from simple systems much more rapidly if there are stable intermediate forms than if there are not; the resulting complex systems in the former case will be hierarchic.
[link to en.wikipedia.org]

(I don't even understand that)! 1doh1 stars stoned cry
 Quoting: germanbini


...and, BTW, that is why I am walking you through it! You're jumping ahead! Stop it! lol
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
REMEMBER, A HOLON IS A CONCEPT. IT IS A PATTERN THAT OUR REALITY FOLLOWS. IT CAN BE PLACED IN ANY IDEOLOGY, AND IT IS TRUE.
Anonymous Coward
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
Sex, Ecology, and Spirituality was required reading for a college philosophy class...you are correct in stating its physical size (large) & the large impact the text has on all layers of life experience!

Great to see another GLP'er who has been exposed to Wilbur's ideas. He never went to college -- great background on him & at his online institute site: [link to www.integralinstitute.org]

I always thought his look is remarkably similar to another great philosopher: Michel Foucault...

Oh, & great blog, Sickscent!




I Love Ken Wilbur! "A Brief History of Everything" was a life-changing book!



(<80%)

[link to www.esalenctr.org]

According to Wilber, the Twenty Tenets are an attempt to summarize and draw some basic conclusions from dynamic systems theory and the contemporary evolutionary sciences. Calling them "tendencies of evolution" or "propensities of manifestation," the Twenty Tenets operate throughout the three great domains of evolution: the physiosphere, the biosphere, and the noosphere (or matter, life, and mind).

Ken Wilber’s Twenty Tenets are:

1. Reality is not composed of things or processes, but of holons, which are wholes that are simultaneously parts.

2. Holons display four fundamental capacities:
a. self-preservation (agency)
b. self-adaptation (communion)
c. self-transcendence
d. self-dissolution

3. Holons emerge.

4. Holons emerge holarchically.

5. Each holon transcends and includes its predecessors.

6. The lower sets the possibilities of the higher; the higher sets the probabilities of the lower.

7. The number of levels which a hierarchy comprises determines whether it is ‘shallow’ or ‘deep;’ and the number of holons on any given level we shall call its ‘span.’

8. Each successive level of evolution produces greater depth and less span.

9. Destroy any type of holon, and you will destroy all of the holons above it and none of the holons below it.

10. Holarchies co-evolve. The micro is always within the macro (all agency is agency in communion).

11. The micro is in relational exchange with macro at all levels of its depth.

12. Evolution has directionality:
a. increasing complexity.
b. increasing differentiation/integration.
c. increasing organization/structuration.
d. increasing relative autonomy.
e. increasing telos.




Yeah, his stuff is amazing. I've read most of his stuff. Sex, Ecology, and Spirituality is my favorite, though it is mammoth in size.
 Quoting: Sickscent

hf
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
Tenet 6

The lower sets the possibilities of the higher; the higher sets the probabilities of the lower. Even though the higher goes beyond the lower level, it does not violate the law or pattern of the lower level. It can’t be reduced to the lower level or determined by the lower level, but neither can it ignore the lower level. As for the higher restricting the possibility of the lower, here is how Sheldrake puts it (Quoted from Sex, Ecology, Spirituality, p.55),

At every level, the fields of the holons are probabilistic, and the material processes within the holon are somewhat random or indeterminate. Higher-level fields may act upon the fields of lower level holons in such a way that their probability structures are modified. This can be thought of in terms of a restriction of their indeterminism: out of the many possible patterns of events that could have happened, some now become much more likely to happen as a result of the order imposed by the higher-level field. This field organizes and patterns the indeterminism that would be shown by the lower-level holons in isolation. (Rupert Sheldrake, The Presence of the Past, pp. 120-121.)

[link to www.esalenctr.org]
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
Tenet 7

The number of levels which a hierarchy comprises determines whether it is ‘shallow’ or ‘deep;’ and the number of holons on any given level we shall call its ‘span.’ Let us arbitrarily assign atoms a depth of 3 (since they contain components of at least 2 previous levels). Let us imagine a time in the early universe when there were only atoms and no molecules. In that case, we can say that atoms have a small depth but an enormous span stretching through the existent universe. Thus depth equals 3 and span equals zillions. When molecules first emerged, they had a depth of 4, but initially a very small span. When there is greater vertical dimension to the holon, then there is greater depth to that holon.

[link to www.esalenctr.org]



You can further think of this as 'complexity'...further the complexity, lessen the span. More frequency oscillations per space/time...-SickScent
didact

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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
OK, I'll stop being lazy and login. I'm tracking the concept, pretty straight-forward once I stopped working and concentrated on it.

The concept reminds me of fractals in some sense.

I've listened to "A Brief History of Everything" in audio (not realizing we're talking about same Ken Wilbur)...did he mention HOLONs in that book?
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
I'll move through the 20 tenets quickly, then we can go back over all of it and see how it works throughout all of our current reality.
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
OK, I'll stop being lazy and login. I'm tracking the concept, pretty straight-forward once I stopped working and concentrated on it.

The concept reminds me of fractals in some sense.

I've listened to "A Brief History of Everything" in audio (not realizing we're talking about same Ken Wilbur)...did he mention HOLONs in that book?
 Quoting: didact


It is very much like fractal. Ken Wilber was stuck on holography and heirarchy structures to formulate the complete Holon construct...so, yes, it should very much remind you of fractals.
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
OK, I'll stop being lazy and login. I'm tracking the concept, pretty straight-forward once I stopped working and concentrated on it.

The concept reminds me of fractals in some sense.

I've listened to "A Brief History of Everything" in audio (not realizing we're talking about same Ken Wilbur)...did he mention HOLONs in that book?
 Quoting: didact


This concept is pretty cool. Once you concentrate and get the gist of it, every other part of it makes complete sense.
R...

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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
uhuh
when I read the title I wanted to post: read Wilber! But seems you did :)
"A strange game. The only winning move is not to play." - 'Wargames'

"This world is more like a mystery, trapped in a conundrum, spun by a paradox." - AC1118155
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
I've listened to "A Brief History of Everything" in audio (not realizing we're talking about same Ken Wilbur)...did he mention HOLONs in that book?
 Quoting: didact


I believe he very briefly mentioned them. He goes into great detail with them in Sex, Ecology, and Spirituality.
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
uhuh
when I read the title I wanted to post: read Wilber! But seems you did :)
 Quoting: R...


He is almost an unsung hero in my opinion.
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
Tenet 8

Each successive level of evolution produces greater depth and less span. The greater the depth of a holon, the more precarious its situation. Since its existence depends on the existence of a series of other holons internal to it, and since the lower holons are components of the higher, there can’t be more number of the higher than there are number of components. The number of water molecules will always be less than the hydrogen and oxygen atoms in the universe. The number of cells in the universe will always be less than the number of molecules in the universe. Also, the span of mental holons is much less than the span of living holons. This is called the pyramid of development.

Addition 1 to Tenet 8
: The greater the depth of a holon, the greater its degree of consciousness.

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ZTE

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Did he coin the term "holon" or is it from another theory?
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Did he coin the term "holon" or is it from another theory?
 Quoting: ZTE


Another theory I believe...
R...

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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
uhuh
when I read the title I wanted to post: read Wilber! But seems you did :)


He is almost an unsung hero in my opinion.
 Quoting: Sickscent

I always thought he was quite famous in the neophilosophical field? I haven't read much of him, and can't clearly recall it (I quite quickly integrate new knowledge in my thinking and worldview, beyond recognition often) but do remember when he laid out his theory on holons. Hit the spot...
"A strange game. The only winning move is not to play." - 'Wargames'

"This world is more like a mystery, trapped in a conundrum, spun by a paradox." - AC1118155
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
Tenet 9

Destroy any type of holon, and you will destroy all of the holons above it and none of the holons below it. This is an important tenet because it provides a simple test as to where in the holarchy any holon stands. Let’s again take our familiar holistic sequence, sub-atomic particles, atoms, molecules, cells, and so on. Here each member includes its predecessor(s) but not vice versa. And thus each successive number is indeed more encompassing or thus more holistic. If we destroyed, for example, all the molecules in the universe, we would also destroy all the cells in the universe—all the holons above molecules. But atoms and subatomic particles would or could still exist. None of the lower holons would have to cease existing. The more fundamental a holon is, the less significant it is and vice versa. That is, the less depth a holon has, the more fundamental it is to the cosmos, because it serves as a component to so many other holons. Atoms, for example, are very fundamental because molecules, cells, organisms, life, and mind, and higher states, all depend on them. At the same time, the less depth a holon has the less significant it is to the cosmos. Primates, as a counter example, are not very fundamental holons because neither atoms nor molecules depend upon them, but they are very significant because they represent and contain atoms, molecules, and cells. They signify more of the cosmos.
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
uhuh
when I read the title I wanted to post: read Wilber! But seems you did :)


He is almost an unsung hero in my opinion.

I always thought he was quite famous in the neophilosophical field? I haven't read much of him, and can't clearly recall it (I quite quickly integrate new knowledge in my thinking and worldview, beyond recognition often) but do remember when he laid out his theory on holons. Hit the spot...
 Quoting: R...


I do the same...

And he did hit the spot! I even named my industrial/metal band HOLON back in the day. rockon
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06/17/2010 04:25 PM
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
Tenet 10

Holarchies co-evolve. Holons don’t evolve alone, because there are no alone holons (there are only fields within fields within fields). This principle is often referred to as "co-evolution," which simply means that the "unit" of evolution is not an isolated holon but a holon plus its inseparable environment.

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Anonymous Coward (OP)
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06/17/2010 04:27 PM
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Re: It's HOLONs...all the way up, and all the way down...
Tenet 11

The micro is in relational exchange with macro at all levels of its depth. Take a human being as an example using the three levels of matter, life, and mind. All these levels maintain their own existence through a network of relational exchanges with holons at the same depth in the environment. The physical body exists in a system of relational exchanges with other physical bodies in terms of gravitation, material forces, energies, light, water, and so on. The human race reproduces itself physically through food production and consumption. Humanity reproduces itself biologically through emotional-sexual relations organized by family and appropriate social environment and depends on a whole network of other biological systems. Finally, human beings reproduce themselves mentally through exchanges with cultural and symbolic environments, the very essence of which is the relational exchange of symbols with other symbol exchangers. In short, as holons evolve, each layer of depth continues to exist and depend upon a network of relationships with other holons at the same level of structure and organization.

[link to www.esalenctr.org]

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